Hingora

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The Hingora are a Muslim community found in the state of Gujarat in India and a province of Sindh in Pakistan. They are one of a number of communities of Maldhari pastoral nomads found in the Banni region of Kutch.[1]

History and origin[edit]

The Hingora claim descent from a Samma Rajput nobleman, who had seven sons, the eldest being named Hingora. Hingora converted to Islam and migrated to Khirasara village in Nakhatrana Taluka, in Kutch.

Present circumstances[edit]

The community is concentrated in the talukas of Bhuj, Abdasa and Mandvi in Kutch District, the districts of Jamnagar, Junagadh, Porbandar of Gujarat, Jodhpur of Rajasthan and the neighbouring districts of Badin and Tharparkar in Sindh. They speak a dialect of Kutchi, Marwadi with substantial Sindhi loan words. The community is endigomous, but does marry with other Samma communities, such as the Hingorja.[2]

The Hingora are a community of big, peasant farmers. Hingora have own businesses. After partition of the India and Pakistan, many Hingoras also migrated to Pakistan and living in Karachi Lyari.

Hingora Communities (Nukh)[edit]

  1. Jamootar (جاموتر)
  2. Khakwani (خاکوانی)
  3. Hajani (حاجانی)
  4. Viryani (ویریانی)
  5. Moosani (موسانی)
  6. Khanani (خانانی)
  7. Fulhani (فلہانی)
  8. Khetani (کھیتانی)
  9. Dongrani (ڈونگرانی)
  10. Jivrani (جیورانی)
  11. Noghrani (نوگھرانی)
  12. Qesrani (قیصرانی)
  13. Adhani (آدانی)
  14. Dhal (دھل)
  15. Samwanigreat (ساموانی)
  16. Devrani (ڈیورانی)
  17. Laakhyar (لاکھیار)
  18. Dosani (ڈوسانی)
  19. Banani (بانانی)
  20. Elwani (علوانی)
  21. Adwani (آدوانی)
  22. Khemani (خیمانی)
  23. Ptani (پتانی)
  24. Bebani (بیبانی)
  25. Tamachi (تماچحی)
  26. Begani (بیگانی)
  27. Malwani (ملوانی)
  28. Malde (مالڈے)
  29. Esaany (عیسانی)
  30. Othani (اوٹھانی)
  31. Allo (علو)
  32. Dodani (دودانی)
  33. Nathani (ناتھانی)
  34. Hoothi (ہوتھی)
  35. Dojani (ڈوجانی)
  36. Hasmani Hingora

kundhra

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ People of India Gujarat Volume XXI Part Two edited by R.B Lal, P.B.S.V Padmanabham, G Krishnan & M Azeez Mohideen pages 505-508
  2. ^ People of India Gujarat,RAJASTHAN Volume XXI Part Two edited by R.B Lal, P.B.S.V Padmanabham, G Krishnan & M Azeez Mohideen pages 505-508