Hinoemata, Fukushima

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Hinoemata

檜枝岐村
Hinoemata Village Hall
Hinoemata Village Hall
Flag of Hinoemata
Flag
Official seal of Hinoemata
Seal
Location of Hinoemata in Fukushima Prefecture
Location of Hinoemata in Fukushima Prefecture
Hinoemata is located in Japan
Hinoemata
Hinoemata
 
Coordinates: 37°1′26.9″N 139°23′20.2″E / 37.024139°N 139.388944°E / 37.024139; 139.388944Coordinates: 37°1′26.9″N 139°23′20.2″E / 37.024139°N 139.388944°E / 37.024139; 139.388944
CountryJapan
RegionTōhoku
PrefectureFukushima
DistrictMinamiaizu
Area
 • Total390.46 km2 (150.76 sq mi)
Population
 (October 2018)
 • Total571
 • Density1.5/km2 (3.8/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- TreeChamaecyparis obtusa
- FlowerAsian skunk cabbage
Phone number0241-75-2311
Address880 Shimonohara, Hinoemata-mura, Minamiaizu-gun, Fukushima-ken 967-0525
WebsiteOfficial website
Hiuchigatake (2356 m) and Ozegahara

Hinoemata (檜枝岐村, Hinoemata-mura) is a village located in Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 December 2018, the village had an estimated population of 616, and a population density of 1.5 persons per km². The total area of the village was 390.46 square kilometres (150.76 sq mi). It is locally famous for its soba (buckwheat noodles) and known nationally for its kabuki performances and as a gateway to the Oze marshlands.

Geography[edit]

Located in the southwestern corner of Fukushima prefecture, Hinoemata is surrounded by the mountains Komagatake, Mount Taishaku, and Hiuchigatake (the highest mountain in northwestern Japan). Between these mountains runs the Hinoemata River. It is known for having the lowest population density of any municipality in Japan.

  • Mountains: Aizu-Komagatake (2133 m), Mount Taishaku (2060 m), Hiuchigatake (2356 m)
  • Rivers: Hinoemata River
  • Lakes: Ozegahara

Neighboring municipalities[edit]

Climate[edit]

Hinoemata has a Humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb) characterized by warm summers and cold winters with heavy snowfall. The average annual temperature in Hinoemata is 6.5 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1050 mm with September as the wettest month.The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 19.2 °C, and lowest in January, at around -5.2 °C.[1]

Climate data for Hinoemata (elevation 973 m (3,192 ft))
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 10.3
(50.5)
14.0
(57.2)
16.6
(61.9)
25.2
(77.4)
29.4
(84.9)
31.2
(88.2)
32.5
(90.5)
32.5
(90.5)
30.5
(86.9)
26.9
(80.4)
22.0
(71.6)
19.7
(67.5)
32.5
(90.5)
Average high °C (°F) −0.1
(31.8)
0.6
(33.1)
4.3
(39.7)
11.7
(53.1)
18.3
(64.9)
21.7
(71.1)
25.1
(77.2)
26.5
(79.7)
21.6
(70.9)
15.5
(59.9)
9.6
(49.3)
3.5
(38.3)
13.2
(55.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −3.9
(25.0)
−3.7
(25.3)
−0.5
(31.1)
5.4
(41.7)
11.5
(52.7)
15.7
(60.3)
19.3
(66.7)
20.2
(68.4)
16.0
(60.8)
9.6
(49.3)
4.0
(39.2)
−0.9
(30.4)
7.7
(45.9)
Average low °C (°F) −7.9
(17.8)
−8.1
(17.4)
−5
(23)
0.4
(32.7)
5.4
(41.7)
10.5
(50.9)
14.8
(58.6)
15.6
(60.1)
11.8
(53.2)
5.0
(41.0)
−0.3
(31.5)
−4.9
(23.2)
3.1
(37.6)
Record low °C (°F) −18.7
(−1.7)
−18.2
(−0.8)
−17
(1)
−10.2
(13.6)
−4
(25)
2.0
(35.6)
5.4
(41.7)
6.6
(43.9)
−0.2
(31.6)
−5.1
(22.8)
−10
(14)
−16
(3)
−18.7
(−1.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 125.8
(4.95)
109.5
(4.31)
89.6
(3.53)
78.9
(3.11)
91.8
(3.61)
124.6
(4.91)
187.1
(7.37)
166.5
(6.56)
170.8
(6.72)
138.5
(5.45)
106.6
(4.20)
125.5
(4.94)
1,505.4
(59.27)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 46.5 61.1 95.0 130.4 149.3 124.6 126.7 133.1 90.6 84.6 70.1 52.1 1,160
Source #1: Japan Meteorological Agency (1981 - 2010)[2]
Source #2: Japan Meteorological Agency (1976 - 2019)[3]

Demographics[edit]

Per Japanese census data,[4] the population of Hinoemata has declined steadily over the past 40 years.

Census Year Population
1970 851
1980 765
1990 702
2000 757
2010 637

History[edit]

The area of present-day Hinoemata was part of ancient Mutsu Province and formed part of the holdings of Aizu Domain during the Edo period. After the Meiji Restoration, it was organized as part of Minamiaizu District in Fukushima Prefecture. Hinoemata was formed on April 1, 1889 with the establishment of the modern municipalities system.

Economy[edit]

The economy of Hinoemata is primarily agricultural.

Education[edit]

Hinoemata has one public elementary school and one public junior high school operated by the village government.

  • Hinoemata Elementary School
  • Hinoemata Intermediate School

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

Hinoemata is not served by any passenger train stations.

Highway[edit]

Bus[edit]

Hinoemata is served by a single local bus line connecting it with Aizukogenozeguchi and Aizu-Tajima stations in neighboring Minami-Aizu Town. [5]

Local attractions[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hinoemata climate data
  2. ^ 桧枝岐 年・月ごとの平年値 (in Japanese). Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 21 February 2019.
  3. ^ 桧枝岐 観測史上1~10位の値 (in Japanese). Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved 21 February 2019.
  4. ^ Hinoemata population statistics
  5. ^ https://www.aizubus.com/rosen/jikokuhyou

External links[edit]

Media related to Hinoemata, Fukushima at Wikimedia Commons