Hinunangan

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Hinunangan
Municipality of Hinunangan
Aerial view of Hinunangan
Aerial view of Hinunangan
Flag of Hinunangan
Official seal of Hinunangan
Motto(s): 
Rice Granary of Southern Leyte
Map of Southern Leyte with Hinunangan highlighted
Map of Southern Leyte with Hinunangan highlighted
OpenStreetMap
Hinunangan is located in Philippines
Hinunangan
Hinunangan
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 10°24′N 125°12′E / 10.4°N 125.2°E / 10.4; 125.2Coordinates: 10°24′N 125°12′E / 10.4°N 125.2°E / 10.4; 125.2
CountryPhilippines
RegionEastern Visayas
ProvinceSouthern Leyte
District 2nd district
Barangays40 (see Barangays)
Government
[1]
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorReynaldo C. Fernandez (PDPLBN)
 • Vice MayorMarian D. Pelin (PDPLBN)
 • RepresentativeChristopherson M. Yap
 • Municipal Council
Members
 • Electorate21,314 voters (2019)
Area
 • Total170.58 km2 (65.86 sq mi)
Elevation4.8 m (15.7 ft)
Highest elevation
401 m (1,316 ft)
Lowest elevation
−1 m (−3 ft)
Population
 (2020 census) [4]
 • Total29,149
 • Density170/km2 (440/sq mi)
 • Households
6,925
Economy
 • Income class3rd municipal income class
 • Poverty incidence25.21% (2018)[5]
 • Revenue₱138,166,256.59 (2020)
 • Assets₱253,993,689.45 (2020)
 • Expenditure₱135,991,603.39 (2020)
 • Liabilities₱97,005,813.88 (2020)
Service provider
 • ElectricitySouthern Leyte Electric Cooperative (SOLECO)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
6608
PSGC
IDD:area code+63 (0)53
Native languagesBoholano dialect
Cebuano
Tagalog

Hinunangan, officially the Municipality of Hinunangan (Cebuano: Lungsod sa Hinunangan; Tagalog: Bayan ng Hinunangan), is a 3rd class municipality in the province of Southern Leyte, Philippines. According to the 2020 census, it has a population of 29,149 people. [4]

Hinunangan is known as the "Rice Granary of the Province" for its vast plain land that is entirely planted with rice. Hinunangan has great potential for tourism because of its beautiful sand beaches and islands. The town is also a producer of rattan and wood-based furnitures, abaca handicrafts items, pineapple, vegetables, other forest products, and bamboo furnitures. It has a potential for mineral water and root crops processing and copper mining.[6]

Hinunangan is also known as a major gateway in Leyte because of its near proximity to Tacloban City. The opening of AbuyogSilago Road cuts travel time from Tacloban by half from the previous 6 hours to less than 3 hours. It is also the place in Southern Leyte with the most immigrants from Europe and North America.

It has a lot of touristic places, such as Tahusan, Talisay or the twin islands (known as Cabugan Grande and Cabugan Chico as Pigafetta stated in his account during their travel with Magellan).[citation needed]. There are also hotels, inns, a public market and beach resorts.

History[edit]

In 1521, Magellan recorded sighting Hunonganan (Hinunangan) during the voyage in Leyte Gulf. As far back in 1750, Hinunangan was a mid-way station of Boholanos trading in Eastern Leyte. They rested overnight at the mouth of Das-ay River where they moored their boats. A shelter was built for the crews and tenders known as "hononganan" or stopover. Hence the name. In 1822, a certain Boholano named Palonoy founded Hinunangan.[7] At this time, Silago to the north and Hinundayan and Anahawan to the south were part of Hinunangan.

In 1944, in the greatest naval battle in history the blocking warship of the Liberation waylaid the Japanese Fleet near Hinunangan. Thus, the area in Southern Leyte is the natural frontier of historically significant events in Philippine history.

2007 earthquake[edit]

On July 19, 2007, a strong earthquake hit the town with magnitude 6 on Richter scale and damaged some properties. The partial assessment report of Hinunangan dated July 20, a copy of which was obtained by PIA through Gov. Mercado, placed the estimated cost of damage to properties at P1,650,000.00 broken down as P790,000 for government infrastructure and P860,000 from private infrastructure.[8]

Among the public properties destroyed were the water system - P 500,000; Das-ay Bridge railguard - P100,000; East Central School Concrete Fence - P80,000; Otama Elementary School - P50,000; Patong Elementary School - P40,000; and Tahusan Elementary School—P20,000.[8]

The private infrastructure damaged included the Roman Catholic Bell tower - P100,000; Water tank of the Catholic convent - P40,000; Manalog barangay Chapel - P20,000; Santo Nino barangay Chapel - P10,000; a number of houses - P400,000, and various appliances, P290,000.

Geography[edit]

Hinunangan is home to the highest mountain in the province, Mount Nacolod, with an elevation of 948 metres (3,110 ft) above sea level.[9]

Barangays[edit]

Hinunangan is politically subdivided into 40 barangays, two of which are island barangays located at the east of the town. The twin islands are accessible by motorized boats through Barangay Canipa-an.

Barangay Population
(2007)
Population
(2010)
Population
(2015)
Population
(2020)
Ambacon 637 Steady637 Increase678 Decrease615
Badiangon 647 Decrease589 Increase641 Increase681
Bangcas A 668 Increase743 Increase777 Increase862
Bangcas B 903 Increase959 Increase982 Decrease913
Biasong 609 Decrease566 Increase599 Increase652
Bugho 961 Increase1,003 Increase1,061 Increase1,147
Calag-itan 1,167 Increase1,180 Increase1,206 Decrease1,163
Calayugan 678 Increase700 Increase754 Increase866
Calinao 317 Decrease264 Decrease261 Decrease218
Canipaan 1,425 Increase1,509 Increase1,635 Decrease1,611
Catublian 1,373 Increase1,503 Increase1,580 Decrease1,445
Ilaya 520 Decrease472 Increase518 Decrease457
Ingan 923 Increase1,018 Increase1,049 Decrease937
Labrador 800 Increase802 Increase844 Decrease745
Libas 463 Decrease449 Increase512 Decrease431
Lumbog 363 Decrease337 Increase381 Decrease334
Manalog 700 Increase731 Increase754 Increase781
Manlico 745 Increase752 Increase766 Decrease701
Matin-ao 506 Increase520 Increase547 Increase551
Nava 1,798 Increase1,801 Increase1,946 Decrease1,924
Nueva Esperanza 651 Increase664 Increase683 Increase724
Otama 543 Increase593 Decrease531 Decrease504
Palongpong 405 Increase475 Increase533 Decrease488
Panalaron 588 Increase677 Increase753 Increase790
Patong 706 Increase710 Increase718 Increase735
Poblacion 799 Increase898 Increase923 Decrease638
Pondol 957 Increase993 Increase1,035 Decrease989
Salog 349 Increase353 Increase374 Decrease368
Salvacion 519 Decrease483 Increase496 Decrease483
San Pablo Island 427 Increase440 Increase460 Decrease445
San Pedro Island 473 Increase486 Increase493 Decrease459
Santo Niño I 559 Decrease524 Increase552 Decrease513
Santo Niño II 946 Increase1,004 Increase1,043 Increase1,096
Tahusan 920 Increase960 Increase991 Increase1,080
Talisay 553 Increase597 Increase693 Decrease663
Tawog 486 Increase523 Increase557 Increase594
Toptop 434 Decrease419 Increase443 Decrease411
Tuburan 600 Increase627 Increase635 Decrease587
Union 397 Decrease378 Increase402 Increase404
Upper Bantawon 197 Decrease162 Increase170 Decrease144

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Hinunangan, Southern Leyte
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28
(82)
29
(84)
29
(84)
30
(86)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
29
(84)
Average low °C (°F) 22
(72)
22
(72)
22
(72)
23
(73)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
24
(75)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 78
(3.1)
57
(2.2)
84
(3.3)
79
(3.1)
118
(4.6)
181
(7.1)
178
(7.0)
169
(6.7)
172
(6.8)
180
(7.1)
174
(6.9)
128
(5.0)
1,598
(62.9)
Average rainy days 16.7 13.8 17.3 18.5 23.2 26.5 27.1 26.0 26.4 27.5 24.6 21.0 268.6
Source: Meteoblue [10]

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Hinunangan
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 8,574—    
1918 11,491+1.97%
1939 16,983+1.88%
1948 17,556+0.37%
1960 12,665−2.68%
1970 16,142+2.45%
1975 18,648+2.94%
1980 20,568+1.98%
1990 22,454+0.88%
1995 22,170−0.24%
2000 25,016+2.62%
2007 27,712+1.42%
2010 28,415+0.92%
2015 29,976+1.02%
2020 29,149−0.55%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[11][12][13][14]

Economy[edit]


Banking and Finance[edit]

Education[edit]

Primary schools[edit]

  • Hinunangan East Central School
  • Hinunangan West Central School
  • Catublian Elementary School
  • Nava Elementary School
  • Canipaan Elementary School
  • Ambacon Elementary School
  • Calag-itan Elementary School
  • Pondol Elementary School
  • Manalog Elementary School
  • Patong Elementary School
  • Otama Elementary School
  • Ingan Elementary School

Secondary schools[edit]

  • Holy Rosary Academy - a Private Roman Catholic school
  • Hinunangan National High School - formerly Hinunangan Agricultural and Vocational School
  • Canipaan National High School
  • Nava National High School

Tertiary Schools[edit]

Others[edit]

  • Hinunangan Skills and Technological Center[23] - TESDA accredited vocational school.

Healthcare[edit]

  • Zenon T. Lagumbay Memorial Hospital
  • Hinunangan Community Hospital

Media[edit]

  • Hinunangnon - crowdsourcing social news network in Hinunangan, founded in 2016 that brings digital news and top stories locally from Hinunangan and its Province or around the world.[24][25]
  • 90.8 MHz FM - Mix FM Hinunangan [26]
  • 105.0 MHz FM - Best FM Hinunangan [27]

Communication[edit]

Mobile:

Cable television:

  • Fiesta Cable TV
  • Direct-To-Home (DTH) satellite TV Service provider

Internet:

  • Wireless Internet through SMART Network (Smart Bro's 3G/HSPA/HSPA+)
  • Wireless Internet through Globe Network (Globe Tattoo)

Gallery[edit]

Hinunangan Skyline and Hinunangan Bay from San Pablo Island.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Municipality of Hinunangan | (DILG)
  2. ^ "2015 Census of Population, Report No. 3 – Population, Land Area, and Population Density" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Quezon City, Philippines. August 2016. ISSN 0117-1453. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 25, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2021.
  3. ^ https://www.philatlas.com/visayas/r08/southern-leyte/hinunangan.html.
  4. ^ a b Census of Population (2020). "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 8 July 2021.
  5. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  6. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-05-21. Retrieved 2008-11-05.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link), Southern Leyte LGU website
  7. ^ Hinunangan History, Hinunangan.net
  8. ^ a b Hinunangan MDCC bares earthquake partial damage assessment report, Philippine Information Agency
  9. ^ [1] Archived 2008-11-18 at the Wayback Machine, NSCB Southern Leyte Profile
  10. ^ "Hinunangan, Southern Leyte : Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 6 January 2019.
  11. ^ Census of Population (2015). "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  12. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  13. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region VIII (Eastern Visayas)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  14. ^ "Province of Southern Leyte". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  15. ^ "Poverty incidence (PI):". Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  16. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/NSCB_LocalPovertyPhilippines_0.pdf; publication date: 29 November 2005; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  17. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2003%20SAE%20of%20poverty%20%28Full%20Report%29_1.pdf; publication date: 23 March 2009; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  18. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2006%20and%202009%20City%20and%20Municipal%20Level%20Poverty%20Estimates_0_1.pdf; publication date: 3 August 2012; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  19. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/2012%20Municipal%20and%20City%20Level%20Poverty%20Estima7tes%20Publication%20%281%29.pdf; publication date: 31 May 2016; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  20. ^ https://psa.gov.ph/sites/default/files/City%20and%20Municipal-level%20Small%20Area%20Poverty%20Estimates_%202009%2C%202012%20and%202015_0.xlsx; publication date: 10 July 2019; publisher: Philippine Statistics Authority.
  21. ^ "PSA Releases the 2018 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Philippine Statistics Authority. 15 December 2021. Retrieved 22 January 2022.
  22. ^ PNB_Domestic_Branch_Directory
  23. ^ TESDA Hinunangan Skills and Technological Center [permanent dead link]
  24. ^ Hinunangnon Facebook Page
  25. ^ "| Hinunangnon Official Website". Archived from the original on 2018-03-23. Retrieved 2018-05-04.
  26. ^ 90.8 Mix FM
  27. ^ 105.0 Best FM
  28. ^ Smart increases coverage in remote, rural areas

External links[edit]