Portrait by José Gil de Castro
|Born||August 13, 1755
Arica, Viceroyalty of Peru
|Died||July 15, 1833
San Vicente de Cañete, Peru
|Profession||Physician, naturalist, meteorologist, professor|
José Hipólito Unanue y Pavón (August 13, 1755–July 15, 1833) was a physician, naturalist, meteorologist, cosmographer, First Minister of Finance of Peru, Minister of Foreign affairs, Protomédico (equivalent to Minister of health combines with head of "Escuela de Medicina del Peru"), university professor, founder of the San Fernando Medical School (now the Medicine faculty of San Marcos University), representative of Arequipa in the Cádiz Cortes, President of the Junta de Gobierno (highest executive power in the Peruvian government at that time), President of the first Peruvian congress, Protector of the province of Arequipa (during the Spanish Empire), independence precursor and a Peruvian politician, active in politics in the early years after independence.
Hipólito Unanue was born in Arica on August 13, 1755 as the son of Antonio Unánue de Montalivert and Manuela Pavón y Salgado, both from creole families. He studied philosophy and law in a seminary in Arequipa. In 1777, Unanue moved to Lima to study natural sciences. He studied in Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos where he received his bachelor's degree in 1783, graduated in 1786 and became a professor at the same university, establishing his name as an eminent physician.He was one of the founders of Sociedad Académica de Amantes del País in 1790.
In 1824 he was a government functionary as Finance minister for a short period of time. His contributions to Peruvian science were "largely forgotten," during the turbulent period of Peruvian independence.
- "Hipólito Unanue". Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre (in Spanish). 2017-04-21.
- "Hipólito Unánue, Biografía" (in Spanish). Universidad Nacional "Federico Villareal". Retrieved 4 November 2011.
- Mark A. Burkholder, "Hipólito Unanue" in Encyclopedia of Latin America History and Culture vol. 5, p. 292. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons 1996.
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