|Born||13 August 1762
San Antonio de Areco, Argentina
|Died||October 5, 1815
San Fernando, Argentina
|Profession||businessman, newspaperman and politician|
Juan Hipólito Vieytes (San Antonio de Areco, Buenos Aires Province, 6 August 1762 – San Fernando, Argentina, 5 October 1815), was an Argentine merchant and soldier. He was the son of Juan Vieytes and Petrona Mora Fernández de Agüero. His family's house was at 133 Calle Real (today's Ruiz de Arellano street) in front of the central square.
He married Josefa Torres and adopted two children: Carlota Joaquina and José Benjamín (his son studied medicine and became a doctor in 1827).
Vieytes started as a successful businessman, in a soap factory in partnership with Nicolás Rodríguez Peña. There he began to get involved in politics and used the business as a meeting place for the conspirators before the May Revolution (1810), with other prominent citizens, all members of the "Patriotic Society" ("Sociedad Patriótica"), (Belgrano, Castelli, Moreno, Paso and French).
He was also a newspaperman and founded the second newspaper published in Buenos Aires, the "Semanario de agricultura, industria y comercio" ("Weekly news on agriculture, industry and commerce").
He played a part in the reconquest of Buenos Aires, during the British invasions of the Río de la Plata, where he attained the rank of captain. In 1810 he supported the May Revolution and assisted the Cabildo. He was named war auditor, but was later removed when he declined to take part in the execution of Santiago de Liniers. After the death of Mariano Moreno, he replaced him as secretary to the Primera Junta, until 1811.
Today, there are streets and schools named in his honor in Buenos Aires and in his hometown of San Antonio de Areco.
In popular culture
Hipólito Vieytes is the subject of the book Vieytes, el Desterrado, wrote by Francisco Suárez in 2001. Despite not being a real autobiography, the book is written in first-person narrative, and shows the investigations made by Suárez.
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