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Temporal range: Early Miocene to Pleistocene,[1] 23–0.781 Ma
Hipparion laromae - La Roma 2, Alfambra, Teruel, Spain - Dinópolis.jpg
H. laromae skeleton
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Perissodactyla
Family: Equidae
Subfamily: Equinae
Tribe: Hipparionini
Genus: Hipparion
De Christol, 1832

See text

  • Hemihipparion

Hipparion (Greek, "pony") is an extinct genus of horse that lived in North America, Asia, Europe, and Africa during the Miocene through Pleistocene ~23 Mya—781,000 years ago. It lived in non-forested, grassy plains, shortgrass prairie or steppes.


Hipparion resembled the modern horse, but still had two vestigial outer toes (in addition to its hoof) which did not touch the ground. Hipparion was about 1.4 metres (4.6 ft) tall at the shoulder.[1]


  • H. concudense Pirlot, 1956
  • H. crassum
  • H. dietrichi Wehrli, 1941
  • H. fissurae Crusafont and Sondaar, 1971
  • H. forcei Richey, 1948
  • H. gromovae
  • H. laromae Pesquero et al., 2006
  • H. longipes
  • H. lufengense Sun, 2013
  • H. macedonicum
  • H. matthewi
  • H. mediterraneum
  • H. molayanense Zouhri, 1992
  • H. periafricanum
  • H. philippus Koufos & Vlachou, 2016
  • H. phlegrae Lazaridis and Tsoukala, 2014
  • H. prostylum Gervais, 1849 (type)
  • H. rocinantis
  • H. sellardsi Matthew and Stirton, 1930
  • H. shirleyae MacFadden, 1984
  • H. sithonis Koufos & Vlachou, 2016
  • H. tehonense (Merriam, 1916)


  1. ^ a b Palmer, D., ed. (1999). The Marshall Illustrated Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs and Prehistoric Animals. London: Marshall Editions. p. 257. ISBN 1-84028-152-9.