Satomi's pygmy seahorse

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Satomi's pygmy seahorse
Hippocampus satomiae type specimen.jpg
The holotype of Hippocampus satomiae
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Syngnathiformes
Family: Syngnathidae
Genus: Hippocampus
Species: H. satomiae
Binomial name
Hippocampus satomiae
Lourie & Kuiter, 2008[1]

Satomi's pygmy seahorse (Hippocampus satomiae) is the smallest known seahorse in the world with an average length of 13.8 millimetres (0.54 in) and an approximate height of 11.5 millimetres (0.45 in).[2]

This member of the Syngnathidae family is found at the Derawan Islands off Kalimantan.[3][4] This species name, H. satomiae, is in honour of Satomi Onishi, the dive guide who collected the type specimens.[5]

Hippocampus satomiae was selected as one of "The Top 10 New Species" described in 2009 by The International Institute for Species Exploration at Arizona State University and an international committee of taxonomists.[6]

Hippocampus satomiae attached to a coral


  1. ^ "WoRMS taxon details - Hippocampus satomiae (Lourie & Kuiter, 2008)". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 14 January 2016. 
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2009). "Hippocampus satomiae" in FishBase. May 2009 version.
  3. ^
  4. ^ Lourie, Sara A.; and Rudie H. Kuiter (2008). "Three new pygmy seahorse species from Indonesia (Teleostei: Syngnathidae: Hippocampus)" (PDF). Zootaxa. 1963: 54–68. 
  5. ^ Connor, Steve (2009-05-23). "A seahorse the size of a pea". The Independent. London: Independent News and Media. Retrieved 2009-05-27. 
  6. ^ Hughes, Carol (2009-05-22). "Scientists announce top 10 new species". ASU News. Arizona State University. Retrieved 2009-05-27.