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Lysmata amboinensis Shrimp.jpg
Lysmata amboinensis
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Euarthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Decapoda
Superfamily: Alpheoidea
Family: Hippolytidae
Spence Bate, 1888[1]

Hippolytidae is a family of cleaner shrimp, also known as broken-back shrimp or anemone shrimp. The term "broken-back shrimp" also applies to the genus Hippolyte in particular and "cleaner shrimp" is sometimes applied exclusively to Lysmata amboinensis.


As of 2009, there were 36 genera in the family:[2]

Morphological and genetic studies have recovered the Hippolytidae as polyphyletic, prompting the recognition of Bythocariidae, Lysmatidae, Merguiidae, and Thoridae.[3][4] As of 2019, the following genera are included in Hippolytidae sensu stricto in the World Register of Marine Species:[5]


  1. ^ Spence Bate, C. (1888). Report on the Crustacea Macrura collected by the Challenger during the years 1873-76. Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. ”Challenger” during the years 1873-76. 24: i-xc, 1-942, Plates 1-157.
  2. ^ Sammy De Grave; N. Dean Pentcheff; Shane T. Ahyong; et al. (2009). "A classification of living and fossil genera of decapod crustaceans" (PDF). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. Suppl. 21: 1–109. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-06.
  3. ^ Christoffersen, M.L., 1987. Phylogenetic relationships of hippolytid genera, with an assignment of new families for the Crangonoidea and Alpheoidea (Crustacea, Decapoda, Caridea). Cladistics 3: 348-362.
  4. ^ De Grave, S, Li, C.P., Tsang L.M., Chu K.H., Chan T.-Y. (2014). Unweaving hippolytoid systematics (Crustacea, Decapoda, Hippolytidae): resurrection of several families. Zoologica Scripta, 43, 496–507.
  5. ^ WoRMS (2019). "Hippolytidae Spence Bate, 1888". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 13 January 2019.