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Lysmata amboinensis Shrimp.jpg
Lysmata amboinensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Decapoda
Infraorder: Caridea
Superfamily: Alpheoidea
Family: Hippolytidae
Dana, 1852

See text.

Hippolytidae is a family of cleaner shrimp, also known as broken-back shrimp or anemone shrimp. The term "broken-back shrimp" also applies to the genus Hippolyte in particular and "cleaner shrimp" is sometimes applied exclusively to Lysmata amboinensis.


There are 36 recognised genera in the family:[1]

Morphological and genetic studies have recovered the Hippolytidae as polyphyletic, prompting the recognition of Bythocariidae, Lysmatidae, Merguiidae, and Thoridae.[2][3]


  1. ^ Sammy De Grave; N. Dean Pentcheff; Shane T. Ahyong; et al. (2009). "A classification of living and fossil genera of decapod crustaceans" (PDF). Raffles Bulletin of Zoology. Suppl. 21: 1–109. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-06.
  2. ^ Christoffersen, M.L., 1987. Phylogenetic relationships of hippolytid genera, with an assignment of new families for the Crangonoidea and Alpheoidea (Crustacea, Decapoda, Caridea). Cladistics 3: 348-362.
  3. ^ De Grave, S, Li, C.P., Tsang L.M., Chu K.H., Chan T.-Y. (2014). Unweaving hippolytoid systematics (Crustacea, Decapoda, Hippolytidae): resurrection of several families. Zoologica Scripta, 43, 496–507.