Hippotherium

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Hippotherium
Temporal range: 15–2 Ma
Mid Miocene to Pliocene
Hipparion.JPG
Skeleton of Hippotherium primigenium, Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde Stuttgart
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Perissodactyla
Family: Equidae
Tribe: Hipparionini
Genus: Hippotherium
Kaup, 1832
Species

Hippotherium is an extinct genus of horse that lived in during the Miocene through Pliocene ~13.65—3.3 Mya, existing for 10.35 million years.

Morphology[edit]

Body mass[edit]

A single specimen was examined by M. Mendoza, C. M. Janis, and P. Palmqvist for body mass.[1]

  • Specimen: 61.5 kg (140 lb)

Species[edit]

Jaw and teeth
Metapodial
Hippotherium gracile.JPG
Skull
Skeleton of H. primigenius

The only known species, H. primigenius is known from Europe, Africa, and the Middle East.

Fossil distribution

  • Doue-la-Fontaine France estimated age: ~13.65—7.25 Mya.
  • Lower Bakhtiari Formation, northern Iraq, estimated age: ~11.6—9.0 Mya.
  • Kurtchuk-Tchekmedje, Turkey estimated age: ~11.61—5.33 Mya.
  • Lang. E Quarry-GM aka ETE Locality 1042, Langebaanweg, "E Quarry, GM", South Africa.

References[edit]

  1. ^ M. Mendoza, C. M. Janis, and P. Palmqvist. 2006. Estimating the body mass of extinct ungulates: a study on the use of multiple regression. Journal of Zoology 270(1):90-101