Hirakata, Osaka

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Hirakata
枚方市
Core City
Flag of Hirakata
Flag
Location of Hirakata in Osaka Prefecture
Location of Hirakata in Osaka Prefecture
Hirakata is located in Japan
Hirakata
Hirakata
Location in Japan
Coordinates: 34°49′N 135°39′E / 34.817°N 135.650°E / 34.817; 135.650Coordinates: 34°49′N 135°39′E / 34.817°N 135.650°E / 34.817; 135.650
Country Japan
Region Kansai
Prefecture Osaka Prefecture
Government
 • Mayor Hiroshi Nakatsuka
Area
 • Total 65.08 km2 (25.13 sq mi)
Population (August 1, 2011)
 • Total 407,465
 • Density 6,260/km2 (16,200/sq mi)
Symbols
 • Tree Willow
 • Flower Chrysanthemum
 • Bird Common kingfisher
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
City hall address 2-1-20 Ogaito-chō, Hirakata-shi, Osaka-fu
573-8666
Website Official website

Hirakata (枚方市 Hirakata-shi?) is a city in northeastern Osaka Prefecture, Japan.[1] It is known for Hirakata Park, an amusement park which includes roller coasters made of wood.[2]

As of January 1, 2010, the city has an estimated population of 411,777, and a population density of 6,327.24 persons per km2. The total area of the city is 65.07 km2.

Eriko Aoki, author of "Korean children, textbooks, and educational practices in Japanese primary schools," stated that the city's location in proximity to both Osaka City and Kyoto contributed to its population growth of ten times its previous size from around 1973 to 2013.[3]

History[edit]

The modern city was founded on August 1, 1947. On April 1, 2001, Hirakata was designated as a special city of Japan.

Mayors[edit]

  • Sōichirō Terashima (in office 1947 - 1955, 1959 - 1967) former mayor of Hirakata-chō
  • Harufumi Hatakeyama (1955 - 1959)
  • Tomizō Yamamura (1967 - 1975)
  • Kazuo Kitamaki (1975 - 1991)
  • Kazuo Ōshio (1991 - 1995)
  • Hiroshi Nakatsuka (1995 - 2007)
  • Osamu Takeuchi (2007 - 2015)
  • Takashi Fushimi (2015 - Present)

Demographics[edit]

Ethnic Koreans[edit]

As of 2013 the city has about 2,000 ethnic Koreans, including permanent residents of Japan, South Korean citizens, and those aligned to North Korea. Most Hirakata Koreans,[4] including children of school age, use Japanese names.[5] Most ethnic Korean children in Hirakata attend Japanese public schools, while some attend Chongryon schools located in Osaka City.[6] Many Koreans in Hirakata operate their own businesses. Hirakata has the "mother's society" or "Omoni no Kai", a voluntary association of ethnic Korean mothers. It also has branches of the Congryon and Mindan, Japan's two major Korean associations. Hirakata has no particular Korean neighborhoods.[4]

There were about 3,000 ethnic Koreans in Hirakata in the pre-World War II period. In the 1930s Hirakata Koreans, fearful of keeping their own jobs, had negative attitudes towards Osaka-based Koreans who were looking for employment after having lost their jobs. Military construction was the most common job sector of that era's Korean population.[4]

Eriko Aoki stated that in 2013 there was still a sense of difference between the Koreans in Hirakata and the Koreans in Osaka.[4]

Burakumin[edit]

Eriko Aoki stated that there is no area obviously identified as a Burakumin area in Hirakata.[5]

Education[edit]

Colleges and universities

Prefectural senior high schools

Municipal high schools

Private senior high schools:

Transportation[edit]

Hirakata-shi Station

Rail[edit]

Roads[edit]

Companies with offices in Hirakata[edit]

Sister and friendship cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hirakata" at Britannica.com; retrieved 2013-8-28.
  2. ^ "Hirakta Park" at Osaka-info.jp; retrieved 2013-8-28.
  3. ^ Aoki, Eriko. "Korean children, textbooks, and educational practices in Japanese primary schools" (Chapter 8). In: Ryang, Sonia. Koreans in Japan: Critical Voices from the Margin (Routledge Studies in Asia's Transformations). Routledge, October 8, 2013. ISBN 1136353054, 9781136353055. Start: p. 157. CITED: p. 169-170.
  4. ^ a b c d Aoki, Eriko. "Korean children, textbooks, and educational practices in Japanese primary schools" (Chapter 8). In: Ryang, Sonia. Koreans in Japan: Critical Voices from the Margin (Routledge Studies in Asia's Transformations). Routledge, October 8, 2013. ISBN 1136353054, 9781136353055. Start: p. 157. CITED: p. 170.
  5. ^ a b Aoki, Eriko. "Korean children, textbooks, and educational practices in Japanese primary schools" (Chapter 8). In: Ryang, Sonia. Koreans in Japan: Critical Voices from the Margin (Routledge Studies in Asia's Transformations). Routledge, October 8, 2013. ISBN 1136353054, 9781136353055. Start: p. 171.
  6. ^ Aoki, Eriko. "Korean children, textbooks, and educational practices in Japanese primary schools" (Chapter 8). In: Ryang, Sonia. Koreans in Japan: Critical Voices from the Margin (Routledge Studies in Asia's Transformations). Routledge, October 8, 2013. ISBN 1136353054, 9781136353055. Start: p. 157. CITED: p. 170-171.

External links[edit]