Hiram Clarke, Houston
The community originally consisted primarily of middle-class white residents, many of whom worked in the Texas Medical Center. As white flight to more suburban areas became the norm of the 1970s, racial and ethnic minorities replaced the original white residents. Black residents moving from inner city communities such as Fifth Ward and, later, Hispanic immigrants settled into the community. Many of the Hispanic residents initially apartment-shared as a money-saving device and later occupied single-family homes. Stephen Klineberg, a Rice University sociology professor, stated that the new residents, in close proximity to wealthier areas like Meyerland, are able to observe but not partake in the affluence of the areas.
With the development of the Corinthian Pointe Neighborhood, the area saw a boon of new construction and commercial development beginning in the mid-2000s and continuing into the present day--primarily along S. Post Oak Road. The newly developed homes were up to twice as large as the traditional ranch homes that covered the area.
In 1998, the area advocacy group South Houston Concerned Citizens Coalition received nonprofit status, so it could apply for grants to fund neighborhood projects and organize homebuyer fairs and community festivals.
The area is primarily composed of the ZIP codes 77085 and 77045.
The ZIP code 77085, which covers an area similar to a triangle, roughly bounded by U.S. Route 90A (South Main), Hiram Clarke Road, and Beltway 8 (Sam Houston Tollway), saw the number of population rise to over 200% of its original population, between 2000 and 2010. Carol Christian of the Houston Chronicle said that the Windsor Village United Methodist Church was a primary factor.
The area is included in the Five Corners District, which was drawn by the 80th State Legislature, and is associated with a twelve year Service and Improvement Plan scheduled to run through 2022. The plan seeks to address crime reduction, control and prevention; business development; transportation planning; and beautification, visual improvement and cultural promotion in the Hiram Clarke and surrounding areas.
The Hiram Clarke Civic Club serves portions of the area. The group's boundaries are West Airport Boulevard, Hiram Clarke Road, Landmark Street, and West Orem Drive. It has two subdivisions, with almost 1,200 households living in them. As of 2003 it had 175 members who paid dues. Matt Schwartz of the Houston Chronicle said "Even with dues of $50 a year, enforcing restrictions with letters from attorneys or lawsuits can quickly drain resources." One of the subdivisions it represents is Brentwood.
Other subdivisions in the Hiram Clarke area include:
Hiram Clarke is 5 miles (8.0 km) southwest of NRG Stadium and NRG Park (previously Reliant Stadium and Reliant Park), about a 13 minute commute. Most of the houses in the wider area were developed in the 1960s. Mimi Swartz of Texas Monthly said in 2006 that, compared to Meyerland, Hiram Clarke was "a world away from its comforts" and that "the ranch houses were much smaller, the windows had bars, and weeds choked the front yards."
Government and infrastructure
Residents are a part of the City of Houston Central Southwest Super Neighborhood, which has a coverage area of 12,760 acres (5,160 ha). Its boundaries are U.S. Route 90A and Holmes Road on the north, Beltway 8 on the south, Texas State Highway 288 to the east, and Holmes Road to the west. It became a super neighborhood around 1999. It has forty separate neighborhoods.
The Houston Police Department serves Hiram Clarke through the Southwest Patrol Division. The Hiram Clarke Storefront is a part of the Southwest Patrol District. The South Houston Concerned Citizens Coalition had lobbied for the city to add a substation.
The City of Houston operates the Hiram Clarke Multi Service Center. The 42,000-square-foot (3,900 m2) facility is located on an 8-acre (3.2 ha) site. Originally named the South Post Oak Multi-Service Center, it had a price tag of $10 million. It was scheduled to open at the end of 2008. Mayor of Houston Bill White, other city politicians, and other community figures attended the groundbreaking ceremony on Friday October 12, 2007. It was the City of Houston General Services Department's pilot project in combining several municipal functions in one site, lowering construction, design, and land acquisition expenses.
The city government designed the facility so it would get Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification. To do this, the city installed low flow plumbing, roof overhangs, a metal roof, and high performance windows. The windows reduce heat absorption and allow natural light to enter the building. The complex includes a library facility, the Vinson library, a Head Start Center, office space for nonprofit organizations, an auditorium, youth program areas, elderly program areas, and a resource room. Sheila Savannah, the bureau chief of the City of Houston Department of Health and Human Services, said that the demographics of Hiram Clarke, with its mix of families and older, long-time inhabitants, made the community well-suited for a multi-service center.
Harris County Precinct 7 Constable patrols the community.
Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County (METRO) operates the Hiram Clarke Bus Operating Facility. When METRO received a $15.5 million federal fund package for transit upgrade, METRO announced that it will spend $8 million to complete renovations on the Hiram Clarke and Kashmere bus operating facilities.
METRO also operates the Hiram Clarke Transit Center. Several intersecting routes meet at the transit center. The METRO hired Del E. Webb Construction Services, a Phoenix, Arizona-based company to build the transit center. In the northern hemisphere spring of 1983, the staff of METRO examined the plans for the construction, then in-progress, and recommended a series of changes. METRO said that its recommendations would, over a period of 30 years, save $6 million. But because METRO demanded the changes, Webb had to perform work out of sequence, costing the company time and money. Webb said that the move forced $3.2 million in additional expenses on the company. About $700,000 of that figure would have gone to subcontractors working for Webb. METRO and Webb entered a legal dispute, which lasted three years until 1986, when METRO paid a $1.8 million settlement to Webb. In 1986, due to financial issues, METRO said that it was scaling back its plans for the transit center, then a planned project, due to financial issues at METRO.
Vince Young, an American football player who grew up in the area in the late nineties and early aughts, described the area as "a real foul neighborhood." Chip Brown of The Dallas Morning News described the area as being the "mean streets." Dick Weiss of the New York Daily News described Hiram Clarke as "run-down" and "drug-infested". Jennifer Floyd Engel of the Fort Worth Star Telegram referred to Weiss's assessment and added that Hiram Clarke was "written off as ghetto by almost everybody else." Jessica Garrison of CSTV said that Hiram Clarke was "one of Houston's toughest neighborhoods."
Vince Young added that "There may have been gangs, drugs and crime in my neighborhood. But we all had each other's back. It was always Hiram Clarke versus somebody else. When I was younger, it was either, 'You gonna hang with the guys or we're going to beat you every day.' That made me the physical guy I am now."
Around 1989 a haircut popular among youths in the area was called the "South Side fade". The haircut features a narrow path etched on the head in a long, straight line. Ananiaz Johnson, a 1989 graduate of James Madison High School quoted in a Houston Chronicle article, said that "It's named after our area because it's popular here. Generally people from this neighborhood have that part. It probably originated here, and Shuntel popularized it." Johnson referred to Shuntel Coco, a Houston Community College School of Cosmetology student. Shea Serrano of the Houston Press said that the rapper Big Mello was famous for "repping Hiram Clarke in the 90's[...]"
Elementary schools serving portions of the Hiram Clarke area include Montgomery Elementary School, Grissom Elementary School, Hobby Elementary School, Petersen Elementary School, and Jean Hines-Caldwell Elementary School. Before the opening of Hines-Caldwell, Red Elementary School in Willowbend served a section of the Hiram Clarke area.
Audrey H. Lawson Middle School (formerly Dick Dowling Middle School) is located in the Hiram Clarke area. As of 2009, 99% of the student body consists of racial and ethnic minorities. Previously named after a soldier in the U.S. Civil War, it was renamed after Wheeler Avenue Baptist Church first lady Audrey H. Lawson in 2016. Groundbreaking for Lawson's new 1,500 student, $59 million, three-story campus occurred in September 2016.
Residents are also zoned to the Houston Community College system.
The Houston Public Library operates the Vinson Neighborhood Library at the Hiram Clarke Multi-Service Center. The library has traditional library services, a public reading room, an internet café, and HPL Express library services. The library was originally located at 3100 Fuqua; the city relocated it to the multi service center, where the library space had doubled in size from its previous location.
History of education
What is now Hiram Clarke became a part of HISD in 1938. Residents were initially zoned to Almeda School and San Jacinto High School. In the 1960s several new elementary schools opened, and in 1965 Madison High opened.
Parks and recreation
As of 2013, the area, along with a portion of Southeast Houston, comprises the South Bridge Community. It formerly comprised the San Jacinto Girl Scout Council's Sunshine Service Unit. It combined with a Southeast Houston service unit (Sunnyside's Edgewood Service Unit) in 2013.
- Wanda Adams (member of the Houston City Council)
- Lawrence Allen (member of the Texas Board of Education, son of Texas House of Representatives member Alma Allen)
- Michael Arceneaux - Author of I Can't Date Jesus
- Viper (Lee Carter)
- Big Mello (Curtis Donnell Davis)
- Latoya Luckett (former member of the Destiny Child)
- Vince Young
- Rust, Carol. "Houston has street sense (and nonsense as well)" (). Houston Chronicle. Wednesday April 16, 1997. Houston 1. Retrieved on October 26, 2011.
- "Annexations in Houston Or How we grew to 667 square miles in 175 years." City of Houston Planning and Development Department. p. 30 of 62. Retrieved on February 21, 2017.
- Swartz, Mimi. "The Gangstas of Godwin Park." Texas Monthly. June 1, 2006. Vol. 34 Issue 6, p132. Retrieved on November 2, 2011. See profile at EBSCOHost - (Alt)
- Lemming, Jim. "." () Houston Business Journal. February 6, 2000. Retrieved on October 2, 2015.
- Martin, Betty L. "'We'll get this place in order' / S. Houston groups fight trash, crime." Houston Chronicle. Thursday August 29, 2002. ThisWeek 1. Retrieved on October 27, 2011.
- "Parade in SE Houston honors Vince Young." KTRK-TV. Sunday February 12, 2006. Retrieved on October 26, 2011.
- Christian, Carol. "This community is on the Pointe." Houston Chronicle. Tuesday March 1, 2011. Retrieved on October 28, 2011.
- "5 Corners District"
- "Area residents feted at conference." Houston Chronicle. Wednesday October 11, 2000. ThisWeek 8. Retrieved on October 26, 2011.
- Schwartz, Matt. "Restrictions get boost from law / New city enforcement unlikely." Houston Chronicle. Saturday July 5, 2003. A33 MetFront. Retrieved on October 27, 2011.
- "Neighbors say no to housing projects / Developers contend opposition makes it hard to find acceptable sites." Houston Chronicle. Friday March 14, 2003. A31 MetFront. Retrieved on October 27, 2011.
- Edwards, Norval. "Roads, sidewalks top neighborhood concerns / Hiram Clark [sic] area civic clubs, city go door-to-door." Houston Chronicle. Thursday May 2, 2002. ThisWeek 3. Retrieved on October 26, 2011.
- Evans, Thayer. "Longhorns Drive Point Home." The New York Times. December 4, 2005. Retrieved on October 26, 2011.
- Ellison, David. "SUPER NEIGHBORHOOD 40 / Windsor Village United Methodist developed a community that's not just friendly and convenient - it's also affordable / Church brings change home." Houston Chronicle. Sunday April 30, 2006. B1 MetFront. Retrieved on October 26, 2011. "But he also wanted a relatively new house, and most homes near the Hiram Clarke area southwest of Reliant Park were built in the 1960s."
- Engel, Jennifer Floyd. "Hometown hero, He might now reside in Austin, but Houston is where Longhorns star Vince Young's heart is." Fort Worth Star-Telegram. Saturday December 3, 2005. D1 Sports. Retrieved on October 26, 2011.
- "Editorial: Larry Green for council District K." Houston Chronicle. Tuesday October 11, 2011. Retrieved on October 26, 2011.
- "Crime Statistics for Southwest Patrol Division." City of Houston. Retrieved on August 11, 2009.
- "Police Stations and Neighborhood Storefronts." City of Houston. Retrieved on October 26, 2011. "Hiram Clarke" "4363 West Fuqua "
- "Hiram Clarke Multi-Service Center." City of Houston. Retrieved on October 26, 2011. "3810 West Fuqua Houston, TX 77045"
- Baird, Annette. "HIRAM CLARKE / Multiservice center, library set / City officials hope $10 million facility will earn LEED designation." Houston Chronicle. Thursday November 29, 2007. ThisWeek 3. Retrieved on October 26, 2011.
- "Groundbreaking Friday for new multi-service center, neighborhood library in Hiram Clarke area." Houston Chronicle. Tuesday October 9, 2007. Retrieved on October 26, 2011.
- "Overview." Harris County Constable Precinct 7. Retrieved on October 26, 2011.
- Kollipara, Puneet. "Feds give Houston area $15.5 million for transit upgrades." Houston Chronicle. October 17, 2011. Retrieved on October 26, 2011.
- "HIRAM CLARKE TRANSIT CENTER." Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County. Retrieved on October 17, 2011. "3600 W. Fuqua Houston, TX 77026"
- Carreau, Mark. "Fiscal problems force cuts, job freeze at Metro." Houston Chronicle. Friday April 25, 1986. Section 1, Page 1. Retrieved on October 26, 2011.
- Staff. "Metro settles with contractor." Houston Chronicle. Saturday August 23, 1986. Section 1, Page 15. Retrieved on October 26, 2011.
- Andress, Lauri. "Southeast Red Cross will sponsor Christmas parade." Houston Chronicle. Wednesday November 8, 2000. ThisWeek 1. Retrieved on October 27, 2011.
- Brown, Chip. "Young's next stop is NFL[permanent dead link]." The Dallas Morning News at Texas Cable News. Monday January 9, 2006. Retrieved on October 26, 2011. "Mr. Young thanked Mr. Brown for recruiting him out of the mean streets of Houston's Hiram-Clarke neighborhood. 'I'm very thankful' "In that area, it's a real foul neighborhood, but you came in there and got me out of there," Mr. Young said."
- Weiss, Dick. "Texas QB running wild on field now instead of off it." New York Daily News. Sunday October 30, 2005. Retrieved on November 27, 2014.
- Garrison, Jessica. "Young and Restless." CSTV. December 7, 2005. Retrieved on October 26, 2011.
- Lomax, John Nova (2005-11-17). "On Da Lingo, Part II". Houston Press. Retrieved 2011-10-26.
- Watts, Leslie (1989-07-04). "SHEAR MADNESS/Heads-up trends, or hair-way to heaven". Houston Chronicle. p. Houston Section, 1. Retrieved 2011-10-26.[dead link] Available from the Houston Public Library newspapers section, accessible with a library card number and PIN.
- Serrano, Shea (2010-04-01). "Y'all Musta Forgot: Big Mello's Bone Hard Zaggin'". Houston Press. Retrieved 2011-10-26.
- "Grissom Elementary Attendance Zone." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on October 27, 2011.
- "Hobby Elementary Attendance Zone Archived 2012-02-14 at the Wayback Machine.." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on October 27, 2011.
- "Hines-Caldwell Elementary Attendance Zone Archived 2012-02-14 at the Wayback Machine.." Houston Independent School District. Retrieved on October 27, 2011.
- "Red Elementary Attendance Zone." Houston Independent School District. February 28, 2005. Retrieved on October 27, 2011.
- Lomax, John Nova. "Houston 101: The Short Happy Life of Dick Dowling." Houston Press. Wednesday August 26, 2009. Retrieved on October 26, 2011. "[...]and a middle school with 99 percent minority enrollment (Vince Young's alma mater) out in the Hiram Clarke area."
- "Dowling Middle Attendance Zone Archived 2012-02-14 at the Wayback Machine.." Houston Independent School District.
- "Lawson Middle School celebrates groundbreaking for new campus." Houston Independent School District. September 2, 2016. Retrieved on November 20, 2016.
- "Audrey H. Lawson Middle School Celebrates Groundbreaking of New Campus." Houston Style Magazine. September 9, 2016. Retrieved on November 20, 2016.
- Brown, Chip. "Young is calling his own plays As UT icon's NFL star rises, can those close to him avoid a fumble?." The Dallas Morning News. February 19, 2006. Retrieved on November 14, 2011. "[...]of Mr. Young's high school in the Hiram Clarke neighborhood he grew up in."
- "Madison High School Attendance Zone Archived 2007-09-30 at the Wayback Machine.." Houston Independent School District.
- "Super Neighborhood 40 - Central Southwest". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 2017-02-26.
- "Community Briefs." Houston Chronicle. Thursday August 16, 2001. ThisWeek 2. Retrieved on October 27, 2011.
- Bernstein, Alan (2007-12-13). "The political enclave that roared / Montrose key to Wanda Adams' District D victory". Houston Chronicle. p. B1 MetFront. Retrieved 2011-10-26.[dead link] - Available from the Houston Public Library newspapers section, accessible with a library card number and PIN.
- Markley, Melanie (2007-10-09). "CAMPAIGN 2007 / District D council candidates share similar philosophies / Though most agree on major issues, they differ on community ties". Houston Chronicle. p. B2. Retrieved 2011-10-26.[dead link] - Available from the Houston Public Library newspapers section, accessible with a library card number and PIN.
- Gross, Terry (2018-07-23). "Growing Up Black, Gay And Catholic In Texas, Memoirist Put His Faith In Beyoncé". NPR. Retrieved 2018-08-06.
ARCENEAUX: I love Howard University now. [...] And I remember one girl specifically saying, oh, my God, you went to Madison High School, and you're from Hiram Clarke, and you go here.
- Solomon, Jerome (2006-12-10). "QB Young to take hometown stage at Reliant". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 2011-10-26.