Hiram Cox

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Captain Hiram Cox (1760–1799) was a British diplomat, serving in Bengal and Burma in the 18th century. The town of Cox's Bazar in Bangladesh is named after him.[1][2]


As an officer of the East India Company, Captain Cox was appointed Superintendent of Palongkee outpost after Warren Hastings became Governor of Bengal. Captain Cox was specially mobilised to deal with a century-long conflict between Arakan refugees and local Rakhains (see Rakhine State). He embarked upon the mammoth task of rehabilitating refugees in the area and made significant progress. A premature death took Captain Cox in 1799 before he could finish his work. To commemorate his role in rehabilitation work, a market was established and named after him: Cox's Bazar ("Cox's Market").[3]

Cox was a member of the Asiatic Society, contributing scholarly articles on Asian culture to its journal Asiatic Researches. He is most noted for his theory of the origin of chess as a four-player game, known as the Cox-Forbes theory.[4]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ G. P. Ramachandra (September 1981). "Captain Hiram Cox's Mission to Burma, 1796-1798: A Case of Irrational Behaviour in Diplomacy". Cambridge University Press. Retrieved 2012-12-27.
  2. ^ Literary Gazette and Journal of Belles Lettres, Arts, Sciences, Volume 8. 1842-08-07. Retrieved 2012-12-27.
  3. ^ "Captain Hiram Cox 1760-1799. Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh". Bangladesh Unlocked (Blog). Retrieved 2012-12-27.
  4. ^ Duncan Forbes (linguist) (1860). The History of Chess. Wm H Allen & Co. Retrieved 2012-12-27.