Hiram Township, Portage County, Ohio
John Johnson Home, a historic house in Hiram Township
Location within Portage County
|• Total||23.2 sq mi (60.1 km2)|
|• Land||23.2 sq mi (60.1 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,237 ft (377 m)|
|• Density||99.0/sq mi (38.2/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1086830|
Located in the northern part of the county, it borders the following other townships:
- Troy Township, Geauga County - north
- Parkman Township, Geauga County - northwest corner
- Nelson Township - east
- Freedom Township - south
- Shalersville Township - southwest corner
- Mantua Township - west
- Auburn Township, Geauga County - northwest corner
Two villages are formed from portions of Hiram Township: part of Garrettsville in the southeast, and Hiram in the center. According to the website of Hiram Township, the portion of Hiram Township once adjoining Windham Township is no longer a part of Hiram Township, having been annexed by the village of Garrettsville.
Formed from the Connecticut Western Reserve, Hiram Township covers an area of 23 sq mi (60 km2).
Name and history
A small hamlet called Hiram Rapids was located in the northwest part of the township. A post office was established there in 1840, and remained in operation until 1912.
John Johnson, Sr. moved his family from Vermont to Hiram Township in 1818, where they established the John Johnson Farm. After reading the Book of Mormon, Johnson and his wife Elsa traveled to Kirtland to meet with Latter Day Saint movement founder Joseph Smith The Johnsons invited Smith to live with them, and Smith made the Johnson Farm his residence and the temporary headquarters of the Church of Christ (Latter Day Saints) in September 1831.
Several other apostles and notables of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints resided or were frequent guests at the Johnson Farm. Among these were John Johnson's sons, Luke and Lyman; as well as Sidney Rigdon and Orson Hyde. Section 76 of the Doctrine and Covenants was received at the Johnson Farm on February 16, 1832. The LDS Church holds that several other revelations were received at the Johnson Farm, and that Smith worked on translating the Bible here.
The township is governed by a three-member board of trustees, who are elected in November of odd-numbered years to a four-year term beginning on the following January 1. Two are elected in the year after the presidential election and one is elected in the year before it. There is also an elected township fiscal officer, who serves a four-year term beginning on April 1 of the year after the election, which is held in November of the year before the presidential election. Vacancies in the fiscal officership or on the board of trustees are filled by the remaining trustees.
- Bridget Franek, 2012 United States Olympic athlete in 3000 meter steeplechase, grew up in the township
- Joseph Smith, founder of the Latter Day Saint movement, lived in Hiram Township from 1831–32 at the John Johnson Farm
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Portage County, Ohio — Population by Places Estimates[permanent dead link] Ohio State University, 2007. Accessed 15 May 2007.
- Hiram Township website
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 157.
- "Detailed map of Ohio" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 2000. Retrieved 2007-02-16.
- "Portage County". Jim Forte Postal History. Retrieved 13 January 2016.
- Becky Cardon Smith (2003). "Hiram, Ohio". LDS Family Travels. Archived from the original on 2007-10-09. Retrieved 2008-01-28.
- "John Johnson Farm, Hiram, Ohio, USA". Mormon Historic Sites Registry. Mormon Historic Sites Foundation. Archived from the original on 2006-11-09. Retrieved 2008-01-28.
- §503.24, §505.01, and §507.01 of the Ohio Revised Code. Accessed 4/30/2009.