Pujie and Hiro Saga (right), 1937 wedding photo
|Empress Consort of Manchukuo|
|Pretend||17 October 1967 – 20 June 1987|
|Born||16 April 1914
|Died||20 June 1987
|Burial||Shimonoseki, Yamaguchi, Japan|
|Spouse||Pujie (m. 1937)|
Husheng (b. 1940)
Hiro Saga (嵯峨 浩 Saga Hiro, 16 April 1914 – 20 June 1987) was a Japanese noblewoman. She was the daughter of Marquis Saneto Saga and a distant relative of the Shōwa Emperor. She was married in 1937 to Pujie, the younger brother of Puyi, the Last Emperor of China from 1908–1912 and the puppet emperor of Manchukuo from 1934–1945. After her marriage to Pujie, she was known as, and identified herself as, Aisin-Gioro Hiro (愛新覺羅•浩) or Aixin-Jueluo Hao in Chinese.
The Saga family was of the kuge court nobility and a branch of the Ogimachi Sanjo branch (正親町三条家) of the northern Fujiwara lineage (藤原北家), she shared the sama great great grand father with Emperor Meiji, Ogimichisanjo Sanetomo. Saga was born in Tokyo in 1914 as the eldest daughter of Marquis Saneto Saga (嵯峨実勝). She was educated at the women's branch of the Gakushuin Peers' School.
In 1936, Saga was introduced to Pujie, the younger brother of Puyi, the ruler of Manchukuo. Pujie was then attending the Imperial Japanese Army Academy. Saga and Pujie were wed in an arranged marriage. Pujie had selected her photograph from a number of possible candidates vetted by the Kwantung Army. As his brother Puyi did not have a direct heir, the wedding had strong political implications, and was aimed at both fortifying relations between the two countries and introducing Japanese blood into the Manchu imperial family.
The engagement ceremony took place at the Manchukuo embassy in Tokyo on 2 February 1937 with the official wedding held in the Imperial Army Hall at Kudanzaka, Tokyo on 3 April. In October, the couple moved to Hsinking, the capital of Manchukuo. They had two daughters and what appeared to be a happy marriage.
During the Evacuation of Manchukuo during the Soviet invasion of Manchuria, Saga was separated from her husband. While Pujie accompanied Puyi in an attempt to escape by air, Saga and her younger daughter were sent by train towards Korea together with Wanrong (Puyi's wife). The train was captured by Chinese communist forces at the town of Dalizi, now in Linjiang, Jilin, in January 1946. In April, they were moved to a police station in Changchun, eventually released only to be rounded up again and locked up at a police station in Jilin in the north. When Kuomingtang forces bombed Jilin, the prisoners were moved to a prison in Yanji. Saga and her daughter were then taken to a prison in Shanghai and eventually repatriated to Japan. In 1961, after the release of Pujie from prison, the couple was reunited with permission from Chinese premier Zhou Enlai. They lived in Beijing from 1961 until her death in 1987.
Hiro Saga and Pujie had two daughters: Huisheng (慧生; Eisei; 1938–1957) and Husheng (嫮生; Kosei; born 1940). Huisheng was born in Hsinking and educated in Gakushuin University. She died at Mount Amagi on 10 December 1957 in what appeared to be a murder-suicide case. Husheng was educated in Gakushuin Women's University in Tokyo. She married Kenji Fukunaga (福永健治 Fukunaga Kenji) in 1968 and has five children with him.
Portrayals in the media
Pujie and Hiro Saga's story was adapted into a television drama, Ruten no Ōhi - Saigo no Kōtei (流転の王妃・最後の皇弟), shown on TV Asahi in 2003. Takako Tokiwa, who portrayed Hiro Saga in the drama, was a classmate of Saga's grandson (Husheng's son) in real life.
- Lebra, Above the Clouds pp.213
- Behr, The Last Emperor, p. 268-9
- Behr, Edward (1977). The Last Emperor. Bantam. ISBN 0-553-34474-9.
- Lebra, Takie Sugiyama (1987). Above the Clouds: Status Culture of the Modern Japanese Nobility. University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-07602-8.
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