Hirono Town Hall, February 2011
Location of Hirono in Fukushima Prefecture
|• Total||58.69 km2 (22.66 sq mi)|
(March 31, 2018)
|• Density||82/km2 (210/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)|
|• Flower||Lilium auratum|
|• Bird||Japanese white-eye|
|Address||Shimokitaba Nawashirogai 35, Hirono-machi, Futaba-gun, Fukushima-ken 979-0402|
Hirono (広野町 Hirono-machi) is a town located in Fukushima Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 March 2018[update], the town had an official registered population of 4820 in 2063 households , and a population density of 85.7 persons per km2, although the current actual resident popular is much lower. The total area of the town was 58.69 square kilometres (22.66 sq mi).
Hirono is located in southern of Fukushima Prefecture, bordering on the Pacific Ocean to the east. Hirono has a humid continental climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by mild summers and cold winters with heavy snowfall. The average annual temperature in Hirono is 11.4 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1413 mm with September as the wettest month.The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 23.3 °C, and lowest in January, at around 0.9 °C.
Per Japanese census data, the population of Hirono has increased over the past 40 years.
The area of present-day Hirono was part of Mutsu Province, and was included in the holdings of Iwakitaira Domain under the Tokugawa shogunate of Edo period Japan. After the Meiji restoration, on April 1, 1889, the village of Hirono was created within Naraha District, Fukushima. Naraha District became Futaba District in 1896. Hirono was elevated to town status on August 1, 1940.
2011 earthquake and tsunami
The eastern, coastal portion of Hirono was inundated by devastating tsunami flood waters following the magnitude 9.0 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami off its coastline on March 11, 2011. Following the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster, the town was included in the emergency evacuation preparation zone, as it was just outside the 20 kilometer exclusion zone; however, the town government recommended that all residents evacuate and all civic services were shut down. Although the central government advised that it was safe to return in September 2011, the town government maintained its evacuation recommendation until April 2012. The town hall reopened on March 1, 2012 in preparation for the return of residents and the radioactive decontamination of schools; however, a ban on agriculture remained in place. However, residents were slow to return, with only 1,352 of the registered 5,005 residents having returned by February 2014.
The economy of Hirono was formerly heavily dependent on agriculture. The fossil-fuel powered Hirono Power Station located directly at the Pacific Ocean about 3 km north of the town was also a major employer. Although damaged by the 2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami Tepco managed to return the power station to operation four months later.
Hirono has one public elementary school and one public junior high school operated by the town government, and one public high school operated by the Fukushima Board of Education.
- Official statistics from home page ‹See Tfd›(in Japanese)
- "Home Page" (in Japanese). Hirono Town. Retrieved 6 February 2015.
- Hirono climate data
- Hirono population statistics
- Hongo, Jun, "Evacuated town prepares for residents' return", Japan Times, 2 March 2012, p. 1.
- "Half-evacuated Fukushima town looks to accept No. 1 plant workers", Japan Times, 25 February 2014
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