Hiroo, Shibuya

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Hiroo
広尾
Major district of Special ward
Gaien Nishi-Dori Ave
Gaien Nishi-Dori Ave
Country Japan
Prefecture Tokyo
Special ward Shibuya
Population
 (1 October 2020)
 • Total15,263[1]
Time zoneUTC+09:00
ZIP code
150-0012
Telephone area code03
Hiroo Station Entrance
Hiroo in the Edo period

Hiroo (広尾) is a district of Shibuya, Tokyo, Japan. Abutting Ebisu, Minami-Azabu, Nishi-Azabu and Minami-Aoyama, Hiroo is an upmarket residential and shopping neighborhood in central Tokyo.

As of October, 2020, the population of this district is 15,263.[1] The postal code for Hiroo is 150-0012.

According to the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, as of 2020, the residential land prices on Hiroo 2-chōme and 3-chōme are as high as ¥1,350,000/m2 and ¥1,260,000/m2, respectively.[2]

Located on Minami-Azabu,[3] the Hiroo Station of Tokyo Metro Hibiya Line is the nearest subway station to Hiroo.

Geography[edit]

Hiroo is located in the southeast area of the district of Shibuya, Tokyo, Japan. The boundaries of Hiroo are Nishi-Azabu, Minato and Minami-Aoyama, Minato to the north and follows the Shibuya River along the south. Minami-Azabu, Minato is located to the east and Higashi, Shibuya is located to the west.

Education[edit]

There are two universities in Hiroo. The University of the Sacred Heart, successor to the Sacred Heart Koto Senmon School which was established in 1916 and reorganized into a university with the current name in 1948,[4] is one of the oldest women's universities in Japan. Its important alumnae include the former UN High Commissioner for Refugees Sadako Ogata and Empress of Japan Michiko. One of the two campuses of the Japanese Red Cross College of Nursing is also located in Hiroo. Although reorganized into a four-year college recently in 1986, the origin of the nursing school dates back to 1890, when nursing education was launched at the Japanese Red Cross Hospital. Hiroo is also home to the International School of the Sacred Heart which was founded in 1908 and is located on the same grounds as the University of the Sacred Heart (Seishin Joshi Daigaku). It offers education in English for girls from the ages of three to eighteen. The university offers education to women in Japanese. There are several Japanese schools in the area as well, including Hiroo Senior High School (Hiroo Kōtōgakkō) and Hiroo Elementary School (Hiroo Shōgakkō). The Rainbow International Montessori School also has a facility located in the same area.

Demography[edit]

Population of Hiroo by Chōme (October 1, 2020)[1]
District Number of
Households
Total
Population
Male Female
Hiroo 1-chōme 1,833 2,889 1,344 1,545
Hiroo 2-chōme 903 1,936 914 1,022
Hiroo 3-chōme 1,436 2,995 1,386 1,609
Hiroo 4-chōme 2,291 4,262 1,756 2,506
Hiroo 5-chōme 2079 3181 1360 1821
Total 8,592 15,263 6,760 8,503
Population Trend of Hiroo District[1]
Year Total Population
2011 13,101
2012 13,228
2013 14,386
2014 14,552
2015 15,248
2016 15,355
2017 15,310
2018 15,295
2019 15,381
2020 (October 1) 15,263
Population Trends of Hiroo by Citizenship and Sex[1]
Year Total

Population

Female

Population

Male

Population

Japanese

Population

Non-Japanese

Population

2015 15,248 8,498 6,750 14,241 1,007
2016 15,355 8,566 6,769 14,362 993
2017 15,310 8,588 6,722 14,316 994
2018 15,295 8,567 6,728 14,321 974
2019 15,381 8,622 6,759 14,337 1,044
2020 (October 1) 15,263 8,503 6,760 14,248 1,015

Attractions[edit]

Embassy of Peru, Tokyo
The Gate of Embassy of Croatia in Japan

Adjacent to Hiroo, the district of Minami-Azabu is home to Arisugawa Park, which spans through a large chunk of the town. The park consists of several paths and walkways, a baseball field, soccer field, children's amusement areas and a man-made waterfall that empties into a pond full of koi and ducks. The park is situated in the close vicinity of Hiroo Station, causing it to be often incorrectly regarded as "a park in Hiroo."

Foreign Embassies[edit]

Hiroo is home to several embassies: Embassy of Peru, Croatia, Czech Republic, Burkina Faso, Tajikistan, Congo, and Oman. Hiroo Station is the nearest subway station to several prominent embassies in Minato: Embassy of France, Germany, Norway, and Pakistan.

New Sanno Hotel[edit]

New Sanno Hotel

The New Sanno Hotel is a short-term accommodation facility operated by the U.S. Navy. While the hotel technically is located in Minami-Azabu, it is nearby the Hiroo subway station and Tengenji Bridge. The hotel opened in 1983 after moving from a location nearby Akasaka Mitsuke Station. The large number of daily visitors to the hotel contributes to the international atmosphere in Hiroo.

Tsukushigahara[edit]

In the Edo period, the area near present-day Tokyo Metropolitan Hiroo Hospital, Keio Gijyuku Yochisha School, Tengenji Bridge, and Tokyo Metropolitan Hiroo 5-chome Apartments was named Tsukushigahara. At the time, this area was a large flatland of susuki grass (miscanthus sinensis). Tsukushigahara was a popular strolling and play area and was recorded in the Illustrated Collection of Famous Places in Edo (江戸名所図会).

Hiroo 5-chome Shopping Street Town

Hiroo 5-chome Shopping Street Town[edit]

The area surrounding the present-day Hiroo 5-chome shopping street town was designated a shopping street town in Shotoku 3 (1713). This area survived the destruction of the Bombing of Tokyo in 1944-1945. As a result, many Meiji period and Taisho period buildings can still be found in the area. The area is locally known for its nostalgic atmosphere.

Tengenji Bridge[edit]

Tengenji Bridge, Hiroo, Tokyo, Japan

Tengenji Bridge (天現寺橋) is located at the intersection of Gaien-Nishi-dori and Meiji-dori in Hiroo 5-chome. The bridge spans the confluence of the Shibuya River and the Kogai River. The Kogai River flows completely underground since it was covered by concrete. The Kogai River flows under Gaien-Nishi Dori upstream towards and past the east side of Aoyama Cemetery. Two springs known to still flow into the Kogai River are located at the ponds of Arisugawa Park and the ponds at the Nezu Museum. The Tengenji Bridge is an old bridge and existed long before it was mentioned in a text named Gofunaienkakuzsho (御府内沿革図書) published in Bunkyu 3 (1863).

Facilities[edit]

Hiroo Plaza
Ebisu Prime Square

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "住民基本台帳・外国人登録による人口". 渋谷区. Shibuya City. Retrieved November 8, 2020.
  2. ^ 国土交通省地価公示 検索結果(東京都渋谷区広尾 住宅地) - Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport (Japan). Retrieved on 2020-11-08.
  3. ^ 広尾駅 - Tokyo Metro. Retrieved on 2008-08-18.
  4. ^ General Information Archived September 20, 2008, at the Wayback Machine - University of the Sacred Heart. Retrieved on 2008-08-17.