Hirose Tansō

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Statue of Hirose Tansō at Hita in the prefecture of Oita

Hirose Tanso (広瀬 淡窓) (22 May 1782 in Hita – 28 November 1856) was a neo-Confucian scholar, teacher and Japanese writer.[1]

Born into a wealthy merchant family, Hirose founded in 1801 the Academy Neo-Confucian Kangien (咸宜園).[2] In Hirose's lifetime, the school was attended by 3,000 young Japanese, and until 1871 by more than 4,000 young men came from all over Japan. Among its graduates were Confucian and Buddhist monks, doctors of traditional Chinese medicine and medicine of Western Europe, politicians and administrators, traders, farmers and samurai.[3]

Hirose published an anthology of his poems in 1837,[3] a three-volume edition of his writings was published as TANSO Zenshu (淡窓全集) between 1925 and 1927.[4]

External links[edit]

  • Marleen Kassel: Tokugawa Confucian Education: The Kangien Academy of Hirose Tansō (1782–1856). SUNY Press, 1996, ISBN 0-7914-2807-9 preview on Google books


  1. ^ Kodansha (ed.). "広瀬淡窓". デジタル版 日本人名大辞典+Plus on kotobank.jp (in Japanese). Retrieved 3 October 2016.
  2. ^ Marleen Kassel: Hirose Tansō’s School System. In: William Theodore de Bary (Hrsg.): Sources of East Asian Tradition. Volume Two: The Modern Period, Columbia University Press, 2008, ISBN 978-0-231-14323-3, p. 228–230 Seen on Google books
  3. ^ a b Earl Miner, Hiroko Odagiri, Robert E. Morrell: The Princeton Companion to Classical Japanese Literature. 2. Auflage. Princeton University Press, 1988, ISBN 0-691-00825-6, p. 165 Seen on Google books
  4. ^ Louis Frédéric : Japan Encyclopedia. Harvard University Press, 2002 (original title: Japan, dictionary and civilization, translation by Käthe Roth), ISBN 0-674-00770-0, p. 319 Seen on Google books