September 11, 1960|
|Alma mater||Nagoya University|
|Known for||Blue and white LEDs|
Nobel Prize in Physics (2014)|
Person of Cultural Merit (2014)
Order of Culture (2014)
Member of National Academy of Engineering (2016)
|Doctoral advisor||Isamu Akasaki|
Hiroshi Amano (天野 浩 Amano Hiroshi, born September 11, 1960) is a Japanese physicist and inventor specializing in the field of semiconductor technology. For his work he was awarded the 2014 Nobel Prize in Physics together with Isamu Akasaki and Shuji Nakamura for "the invention of efficient blue light-emitting diodes which has enabled bright and energy-saving white light sources".
Early life and education
During elementary school days, he played soccer as a goalkeeper and softball as a catcher. He was also passionate about amateur radio and despite hating studying, he was good at mathematics. Upon entering high school, he began taking his studies seriously and became a top student by studying every day late into the night.
From 1988 to 1992, he was a research associate at Nagoya University. In 1992, he moved to Meijo University, where he was an assistant professor. From 1998 to 2002, He was an associate professor. In 2002, he became a professor. In 2010, he moved to the Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya University, where he is currently a professor.
He joined Professor Isamu Akasaki's group in 1982 as an undergraduate student. Since then, he has been doing research on the growth, characterization and device applications of group III nitride semiconductors, which are well known as materials used in blue light-emitting diodes. In 1985, he developed low-temperature deposited buffer layers for the growth of group III nitride semiconductor films on a sapphire substrate, which led to the realization of group-III-nitride semiconductor based light-emitting diodes and laser diodes. In 1989, he succeeded in growing p-type GaN and fabricating a p-n-junction-type GaN-based UV/blue light-emitting diode for the first time in the world.
Known to be keen on research, Amano's laboratory was always lit late at night, such as weekdays, holidays, New Year's Day, and was called "no night castle". According to his students in the laboratory, Amano has an optimistic and temperate personality, and is never angry.
- 1994 – Fifth Optoelectronics Conference A Special Award
- 1996 – IEEE/LEOS Engineering Achievement Award
- 1998 – Japanese Journal of Applied Physics Award for the best review paper
- 1998 – British Rank Prize
- 2001 – Marubun Academic Award
- 2002 – Takeda Award
- 2003 – SSDM Award
- 2004 – TITech精密工学研究所第1回P＆Iパテント・オブ・ザ・イヤー
- 2008 – 日本結晶成長学会論文賞
- 2014 – APEX/JJAP Editorial Contribution Award der Japan Society of Applied Physics
- 2014 – Nobel Prize in Physics
- 2015 – Chu-Nichi Culture Prize
- 2015 – Special Achievement Award, Institute of Electronics, Information and Communication Engineers
- 2015 – Prizes for Science and Technology (Research Category) by the Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology
- 2015 – 産学官連携功労者表彰日本学術会議会長賞
- 2015 – Asia Game Changer Award
- 2009 – Fellow, Japan Society of Applied Physics
- 2009 – Nistep (National Institute of Science and Technology Policy) Researcher from the Ministry of Education of Japan
- 2011 – Fellow, Institute of Physics
- 2014 – Person of Cultural Merit, the Japanese Government
- 2014 – Order of Culture, the Japanese Emperor
- 2015 – Honorary citizenship of Shizuoka prefecture
- 2015 – Honorary citizenship of Hamamatsu City
- 2015 – Aichi Prefecture Academic Honors
- 2015 – Nagoya City Academic Honors
- 2015 – Honorary Fellow, Japan Sweden Society
- 2015 – Honorary citizenship of Aichi prefecture
- 2015 – 丸八会顕彰
- 2016 – Member of National Academy of Engineering
Amano's wife is a Japanese lecturer at Novosibirsk State Pedagogical University.
- H. Amano, N. Sawaki, I. Akasaki & Y. Toyoda, Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 353 (1986).
- H. Amano, I. Akasaki, T. Kozawa, K. Hiramatsu, N. Sawaki, K. Ikeda & Y. Ishii, J. Lumin. 40 &41, 121 (1988).
- H. Amano, M. Kito, K. Hiramatsu, & I. Akasaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 28, L2112 (1989).
- H. Murakami, T. Asahi, H. Amano, K. Hiramatsu, N. Sawaki & I. Akasaki, J. Crystal Growth 115, 648 (1991).
- K. Itoh, T. Kawamoto, H. Amano, K. Hiramatsu & I. Akasaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 30, 1924 (1991).
- I. Akasaki, H. Amano, K. Itoh, N. Koide & K. Manabe, Int. Phys. Conf. Ser. 129, 851 (1992).
- I. Akasaki, H. Amano, S. Sota, H. Sakai, T. Tanaka & M. Koike, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 34, L1517 (1995).
- "University Webpage". Nagoya University. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
- "The 2014 Nobel Prize in Physics - Press Release". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media AB 2014. Retrieved October 7, 2014.
- 快挙の師弟、笑顔で握手＝「今も緊張」天野さん―赤崎さん、不夜城紹介・ノーベル賞 ｜ ガジェット通信 Archived 2014年10月15日, at the Wayback Machine.
- ノーベル物理学賞受賞の天野浩教授 研究に没頭「とにかく熱心」 静岡（1/2ページ） - 産経ニュース
- NAE Website - Professor Hiroshi Amano