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A Hirzai in Nathia Gali, Pakistan
Other namesNukra, Pakeeza
Country of originPakistan
Distinguishing featuresstands 15 hands high (60 inches, 152 centimetres) with wide-set ears, a broad forehead and forelock, well-placed limbs, and robust yet proportional withers and rump. In summary, the Hirzai horse breed is a handsome horse, well-suited for riding and draft work.

Hirzai or Nukra is a rare breed of riding horse originating from Pakistan. These horses are of Arab origin and have ample resemblance to Baluchis. Their size is intermediate between those of a horse and a pony. Thoroughbred stallions provided by the Balochistan Government at important centers such as Quetta and Sibi are instrumental in large scale crossbreeding with native mares. The objective is to improve the native stock, however, this policy has led to the deterioration of native breeds purity. Good specimens of Balochi and Hirzai breeds are available at Sibi and Nasirabad Horse shows. These horses are found in all provinces of Pakistan.


According to Pakistan's Agricultural Department, the original stock of the Hirzai breed is said to have been derived from a mare owned by the Rind chief named Shol, by an Arabian stallion belonging to a European military officer who accompanied the contingent of Shah Shujah al-Mulk through Shoran in the first Anglo-Afghan War of 1839. Representative animals are still owned by His highness Suleman Dawood Khan of Kalat.


The predominant colour of the Hirzai is gray. The head is handsome with a broad forehead; the neck is medium in length, muscular, and arched; the body is compact with a short back and well-muscled loins; the croup is level; the shoulders are well sloped and powerful; the forearms are strong, but the legs lack bone. This is a horse of strength, good conformation, and stamina and it can used for hard and fast work. It usually stands around 15 hands (60 inches, 152 cm) high.