|• Total||9.72 km2 (3.75 sq mi)|
|Elevation||678 m (2,224 ft)|
|Population (Dec 2016)|
|• Density||220/km2 (580/sq mi)|
|Surrounded by||Hausen am Albis, Horgen, Menzingen (ZG), Neuheim (ZG), Schönenberg, Wädenswil|
Hirzel is first mentioned in 1269 as Hirsol.
Hirzel spans an area of 9.6 km2 (3.7 sq mi). Of this area, 68.9% is used for agricultural purposes, while 18.5% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 9.3% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (3.3%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains). In 1996[update] housing and buildings made up 7.2% of the total area, while transportation infrastructure made up the rest (2.2%). Of the total unproductive area, water (streams and lakes) made up 1.1% of the area. As of 2007[update] 4% of the total municipal area was undergoing some type of construction.
The municipality includes the sections of Hirzel-Kirche, Hirzel-Spitzen and Hirzel-Höchi. In 1878 the municipality borders were surveyed and moved. As a result, several individual farm houses came to Hirzel from Wädenswil, with four more from Horgen.
Hirzel has a population (as of 31 December 2016) of 2,185. As of 2007[update], 8.2% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. As of 2008[update] the gender distribution of the population was 49.6% male and 50.4% female. Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -1.9%. Most of the population (as of 2000[update]) speaks German (93.8%), with English being second most common ( 1.7%) and French being third ( 0.9%).
The age distribution of the population (as of 2000[update]) comprises children and teenagers (0–19 years old) who make up 27.7% of the population, adults (20–64 years old) make up 59.3% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 12.9%. The entire Swiss population is generally well-educated. In Hirzel about 84.8% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). There are 727 households in Hirzel.
Hirzel has an unemployment rate of 0.7%. As of 2005[update], there were 101 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 43 businesses involved in this sector. 105 people are employed in the secondary sector and there are 22 businesses in this sector. 296 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 66 businesses in this sector. As of 2007[update] 49.6% of the working population were employed full-time, and 50.4% were employed part-time.
As of 2008[update] there were 535 Catholics and 1063 Protestants in Hirzel. In the 2000 census, religion was broken down into several smaller categories. From the census[update], 56.7% were some type of Protestant, with 54.3% belonging to the Swiss Reformed Church and 2.4% belonging to other Protestant churches. 27.7% of the population were Catholic. Of the rest of the population, 0% were Muslim, 2.3% belonged to another religion (not listed), 3.5% did not give a religion, and 9.7% were atheist or agnostic.
The historical population is given in the following table:
- Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 30 August 2017
- Hirzel in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived 2016-01-05 at the Wayback Machine. accessed 07-Aug-2009
- Statistics Zurich (in German) accessed 4 August 2009
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