Hisaakira Hijikata

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In this Japanese name, the family name is Hijikata.
Hisaakira Hijikata

Hisaakira Hijikata (土方久徴 Hijikata Hisaakira?, October 8, 1870 – August 25, 1942) was a Japanese businessman, central banker and the 12th Governor of the Bank of Japan (BOJ).

Early life[edit]

Hijikata was born in Mie Prefecture.[1]


In 1897, Hijikata was a BOJ trainee along with Junnosuke Inoue. Both young men were sent by the bank to learn about British banking practices in London.[2]

In 1918, Hijikata was named head of the Industrial Bank of Japan.[3]

Hijikata was Governor of the Bank of Japan from June 12, 1928 through June 4, 1935.[4] During his tenure, financial difficulties in Europe and the suspension of the gold standard by the United Kingdom affected Japan; and the situation was exacerbated by the "Manchurian disturbance".[5]


  1. ^ Bank of Japan (BOJ), 12th Governor
  2. ^ Metzler, Mark. (2006). Lever of Empire: the International Gold Standard and the Crisis of Liberalism in Prewar Japan, p. 9., p. 9, at Google Books
  3. ^ Tamaki, Norio. (1995). Japanese banking: a History, 1859-1959, p. 249, p. 249, at Google Books
  4. ^ BOJ, List of Governors; "Heads Bank of Japan; Fukai, Vice Governor, Is Promoted as Hijikata Retires," New York Times. June 4, 1935; retrieved 2011-08-22
  5. ^ "Annual Report of the Bank of Japan," 18 Federal Reserve Bulletin (US), Vol 18, p. 309. (1932)


Government offices
Preceded by
Junnosuke Inoue
(2nd term)
Governor of the Bank of Japan
Succeeded by
Eigo Fukai