Lieutenant General Hisakazu Tanaka
|Governor of Hong Kong
under Japanese occupation
1 February 1945 – 16 August 1945
|Prime Minister||Kuniaki Koiso
|Preceded by||Rensuke Isogai|
|Succeeded by||Sir Franklin Charles Gimson (Acting)|
16 March 1889|
Hyōgo Prefecture, Japan
|Died||27 March 1947
Republic of China
|Alma mater||Army War College|
|Awards||Order of the Rising Sun|
|Allegiance||Empire of Japan|
|Service/branch||Imperial Japanese Army|
|Years of service||1910-1945|
|Commands||21st Infantry Division
|Battles/wars||Second Sino-Japanese War
World War II
Hisakazu Tanaka (田中 久一 Tanaka Hisakazu?, 16 March 1889 – 27 March 1947) was a general in the Imperial Japanese Army, and head of the Japanese occupation force in Hong Kong in World War II. His name is occasionally transliterated "Tanaka Hisaichi".
Tanaka was a native of Hyōgo Prefecture, and graduated from the 22nd class of the Imperial Japanese Army Academy in 1910 and from the 30th class of the Army Staff College in 1918. He served in various bureaucratic staff positions within the Imperial Japanese Army General Staff from 1919–1920, and was sent as a military attaché to the United States from 1923-1924.
After his return to Japan, he continued to serve in various staff positions, except for a brief stint as commander of the 1st Imperial Guards Regiment from 1935-1937. He was promoted to major general at the end of 1937, and briefly assigned as Chief of Staff of the Taiwan Army in 1938.
However, with the increase in military activity in China due to the Second Sino-Japanese War, Tanaka was quickly reassigned to become Chief of staff of the Southern Expeditionary Army in 1938, and Chief of staff for the Japanese Twenty-First Army from 1938-1939.
Tanaka returned to Japan briefly from 1939-1940 to serve as Commandant of the Toyama Army Infantry School, but soon returned to the field as a lieutenant general and commander of the IJA 21st Division from 1940-1943. He became commander in chief of the Japanese Twenty-Third Army in China from 1943-1945.
Concurrently, from 16 December 1944 to the end of the war he was Governor-General of Hong Kong during the Japanese occupation.
At the end of the war, he was arrested by the American occupation authorities and tried before an American military tribunal held in Shanghai in 1946 for his role in the extrajudicial execution of Allied prisoners of war. He was found guilty and sentenced to death by hanging. However, he was then turned over to a Kuomintang military tribunal at Nanjing for war crimes in connection with his command responsibility for the IJA 23rd Army in China. Found guilty, he was executed by shooting in 1947.
- Ammenthorp, The Generals of World War II
- Budge, The Pacific War Online Encyclopedia
- Snow, Philip (2003). The fall of Hong Kong: Britain, China and the Japanese occupation. Yale University Press. ISBN 9780300093520.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hisakazu Tanaka.|
- Ammenthorp, Steen. "Tanaka, Hisakazu". The Generals of World War II.
- Budge, Kent. "Tanaka Hisaichi". Pacific War Online Encyclopedia.
- Trial of General Tanaka Hisakasu and Five Others United States Military Commission
|Governor-General of Hong Kong
February 1945 – August 1945
Sir Franklin Charles Gimson
as Governor of Hong Kong