Hisar district

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Hisar district
हिसार जिला
District of Haryana
Location of Hisar district in Haryana
Location of Hisar district in Haryana
Country India
State Haryana
Headquarters Hisar (city)
Tehsils Adampur, Agroha, Barwala, Hisar, Hansi-1, Hansi-2, Narnaund and Uklanamandi,
Sub-Tehsils of Balsamand and Bass
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Hisar
Area
 • Total 3,983 km2 (1,538 sq mi)
Population (2001)
 • Total 1,537,117
 • Density 390/km2 (1,000/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 64.83%
Major highways NH-9 (formerly NH-10) and NH-152 (formerly NH-65)
Website Official website
A skeleton from Rakhigarhi Indus Valley Civilisation site in Hisar on display in the National Museum, New Delhi

Hisar district (Hindi: हिसार जिला) is one of the 21 districts of Haryana state, India. Hisar city serves as the district headquarters. The district is also part of Hisar division, which is headed by a commissioner who is employed by the Indian Administrative Service.

The largest district in Haryana until its 1966 reorganization, some parts of Hisar were transferred to the newly created Jind district. In 1974, Tehsil Bhiwani and Loharu were transferred to Bhiwani district. Hisar was further bifurcated when Sirsa district was formed. Fatehabad district was later created as well.[1]

Hisar is a divisional headquarters of the Hisar division Divisional Commissioner and also the headquarters of Police Range. It is also a battalion headquarters of B.S.F. 3rd Bn. H.A.P. and commando force. In order to accommodate all of these departments, a five storey District Administrative Complex was built, with the offices transferred in 1980. It adjoins the new Judiciary Complex, which is also made functional. This administrative and judiciary complex is the largest in Haryana; as a district headquarters it may be one of the largest in the country.

It is one of the five cities belonging to Indus Valley Civilization while its name is cited in the history books in the context of Indus civilization and in general knowledge books as the location of Banawali, one of five sheep farms. As of 2011 it is the second most populous of the 21 districts of Haryana, after Faridabad.[2]

Hisar is also known as the steel city because of the Jindal Stainless Steel Factories. It is also the largest producer of galvanized iron in India.[citation needed]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Hisar
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
13
 
 
6
6
 
 
16
 
 
8
8
 
 
12
 
 
31
14
 
 
5.6
 
 
37
19
 
 
20
 
 
41
24
 
 
43
 
 
50
28
 
 
141
 
 
48
27
 
 
147
 
 
35
26
 
 
65
 
 
35
24
 
 
15
 
 
34
18
 
 
6.1
 
 
29
11
 
 
7.3
 
 
24
7
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: IMD

Hisar continued to be the District Headquarters of the largest District in the state until its reorganization in 1966 when parts were carved out to create the new Jind District. The Tehsil Bhiwani and Loharu estate were later transferred to Bhiwani district on its creation in 1974. It was further bifurcated when Sirsa district was created entirely out of Hisar District. Fatehabad district has now been carved out of this district.

At present Hisar district consists of the eight tehsils of Adampur, Agroha, Barwala, Hisar, Hansi-1, Hansi-2, Narnaund and Uklanamandi,
two Sub-Tehsils of Balsamand and Bass. Vehicle registration numbers for Hisar district are: Hisar HR 20 and HR 39 (commercial no), Hansi HR 21 and Barwala HR 80.

Hisar is a divisional headquarters of the Divisional Commissioner and also the headquarters of the Police Range. It is also a battalion Headquarters of Border Security Force, 3rd battalion of Haryana Armed Police and police commando force. All these departments are now housed in a five storied District Administrative Complex completed in 1980, which adjoins the new Judiciary Complex.

The district has seven Vidhan Sabha constituencies, namely, Adampur, Uklana, Narnaund, Hansi, Barwala, Hisar and Nalwa. All of these are part of Hisar Lok Sabha constituency

Demographics[edit]

the 2011 census the district had a population of 1,742,815,[2] roughly equal to the nation of The Gambia[3] or the US state of Nebraska.[4] This gave it a ranking of 276th in India out of a total of 640 districts.[2] The district has a population density of 438 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,130/sq mi) .[2] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 13.38%.[2] Hisar has a sex ratio of 871 females for every 1000 males,[2] and a literacy rate of 73.2%.[2] Haryanvi is the most spoken dialect in the district. Hisar is 98% Hindu, only about 40,000 are Muslims,[5] rest are mostly Jain and Sikhs.

The important social groups in the district are Jats, Bishnois, Brahmins, Sainis, Banias, Gujjars, Ahirs, Rajputs, Kumhars, Aroras, Chamars and Balmikis.[6] Jat is the largest social group in the city.[6] They are of two types, Deswalis and Bagris. Bishnois have migrated from Rajasthan.[6] There are three sections of Brahmins in the district, i.e., Gaur, Bias and Khandelwal. Most of the Aroras are migrant from West Punjab after the partition of the country in 1947.[6] Banias are divided into Aggarwals, Oswals and Maheshwaris. The Aggarwals are said to be the descendants of the inhabitants of Agroha.[6] They hold Agroha in great reverence. Oswals and Maheshwaris trace their origin to the Rajasthan.[6] The Gujjars of Hisar trace their origin to Rajasthan.[6]

Religion in Hisar district (2011)[7]
Religion Percent
Hinduism
  
97.54%
Islam
  
1.24%
Sikhism
  
0.70%
Jainism
  
0.21%
Christianity
  
0.11%
Buddhism
  
0.02%
Not Stated
  
0.17%

Education[edit]

Universities
Schools

Hisar also has several renowned schools including Leading Angel Public School, Hisar (LAPS), Indus Public School, Hisar (IPS), Army Public School, Hisar (APS), Thakur Dass Bhargava Senior Secondary Model School and Vidya Devi Jindal School.

Notable individuals[edit]

Over the past three centuries Hisar had been the birthplace of individuals including Sardar Ishri Singh, Sardar Harji Ram and Rai Bahadur Sardar Nau Nihal Singh who were honorary magistrates in pre-Independence Hisar. Noteworthy individuals include the Captain Abhimanyu Sindhu - BJP national spokesperson and Minister in Haryana from Narnaul, late Dr. Gopi Chand Bhargava - the First Chief Minister of Punjab, Om Prakash Jindal - former chairperson of Jindal Industries and his wife Savitri Jindal, Subhash Chandra - the Chairman of Essel Group (Zee Network), Yash Tonk - a Bollywood actor, Manish Joshi Bismil - The theatre director, General Vijay Kumar Singh-Former Army Chief, General Dalbir Singh-Army Chief.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.haryana-online.com/Districts/hissar.htm
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  3. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Gambia, The 1,797,860 July 2011 est. 
  4. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2011-01-01. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Nebraska 1,826,341 
  5. ^ Times of India. "Free burial grounds of encroachments: Panel to Wakf Board". Retrieved 2015-11-25. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g "Hisar gazetteer" (PDF). Haryana Gazetteers Organisation. Retrieved 23 May 2012. 
  7. ^ http://www.census2011.co.in/census/district/219-hisar.html

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 29°10′00″N 75°43′00″E / 29.1667°N 75.7167°E / 29.1667; 75.7167