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Temporal range: Middle Miocene–Late Miocene
Hispanotherium beonense.jpg
Hispanotherium beonense tooth
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Perissodactyla
Family: Rhinocerotidae
Subfamily: Rhinocerotinae
Genus: Hispanotherium
Crusafont and Villalte, 1947
  • H. beonense (Antoine, 1997)
  • H. corcolense Antoine, Iñigo & Alférez, 2002
  • H. matritense (Prado, 1864) (type)

Hispanotherium was a genus of rhinoceros of the tribe Elasmotheriini endemic to Europe and Asia during the Miocene living from 16—7.25 mya existing for approximately 8.75 million years.[1]


Hispanotherium was erected by Crusafont and Villalta (1947) for the nominal species "Rhinoceros" matritense.[2][3] The Asian form Huaqingtherium was once assigned to Hispanotherium, but was eventually recognized as distinct. [4][5][6]


  1. ^ PaleoBiology Database: Hispanotherium, basic info
  2. ^ Crusafont, M., and J. F. Villalta. 1947. Sobre un interesante rinoceronte (Hispanotherium) del Mioceno del Valle de Manzanares. Las Ciencias 12:869–883.
  3. ^ Prado, C. de. 1864. Descripci´on F´ısica y Geol´ogica de la Provincia de Madrid. Junta General de Estad´ıstica. Imprenta Nacional, Madrid.
  4. ^ T. Deng (2003). "New material of Hispanotherium matritense (Rhinocerotidae, Perissodactyla) from Laogou of Hezheng County (Gansu, China), with special reference to the Chinese Middle Miocene elasmotheres". Geobios. 36: 141–150. 
  5. ^ Antoine, P.-O. (2003). "Middle Miocene elasmotheriine Rhinocerotidae from China and Mongolia: taxonomic revision and phylogenetic relationships". Zoologica Scripta. 32: 95–118. doi:10.1046/j.1463-6409.2003.00106.x. 
  6. ^ O. Sanisidro, M. T. Alberdi and J. Morales (2012). "The First Complete Skull of Hispanotherium matritense (Prado, 1864) (Perissodactyla, Rhinocerotidae) from the Middle Miocene of the Iberian Peninsula". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 32 (2): 446–455.