Historic Centre of Cienfuegos

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Historic Centre of Cienfuegos
DirkvdM cienfuegos parque jose marti.jpg
Central Park José Marti
LocationCienfuegos, Cuba
Coordinates22°08′44″N 80°26′11″W / 22.14556°N 80.43639°W / 22.14556; -80.43639Coordinates: 22°08′44″N 80°26′11″W / 22.14556°N 80.43639°W / 22.14556; -80.43639
Founded1819
Official name: Urban Historic Centre of Cienfuegos
TypeCultural
Criteriaii, v
Designated2005 (29th session)[1]
Reference no.1202
State PartyCuba
RegionLatin America and the Caribbean

The Historic Centre of Cienfuegos, is located in the city of Cienfuegos in Cuba. It was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2005.

Overview[edit]

Cienfuegos city plan (1899)

While visited by Columbus in 1494, the area was first settled by pirates and freebooters beginning in the 1600s. Early settlers, often referred to as "buccaneers", raised cattle and made jerky to supply to the privateers and others who sought refuge in the bay. By 1740 they were raising tobacco as well.[2]

In 1742 King Philip V of Spain built Fort Jagua to suppress the pirates' use of Cienfuegos Bay. The city was formally founded on 22 April 1819 by French and Spanish settlers under the command of Don Luis De Clouet y Favrot. The streets were laid out essentially north-south, east-west, forming square blocks. Today, the city centre still retains eclectic architecture from the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, much with neoclassical decoration.

Landmarks of the Historical Center[edit]

  • Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception Cathedral.
  • Arch of Triumph.
  • The Botanical Garden of Cienfuegos declared National Monument on October 20, 1989, with 97 hectares.
  • The Reina Cemetery is an exceptional example of its type, and its architecture is inserted in the prevailing neoclassical in the buildings constructed in the city. Is the only in Cuba that retains its niches for burials.
  • The Fortress of Nuestra Señora de los Ángeles de Jagua (Fort Jagua) is located at the entrance to Cienfuegos Bay. Strategically located at the entrance to the Port of Cienfuegos, this castle was built in the 18th century (1745) to defend Cienfuegos from the assaults of pirates and buccaneers.
  • Tomás Acea Cemetery.
  • The park dedicated to "José Martí".
  • The Theatre Tomas Terry.
  • University of Cienfuegos.

Gallery[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Decision: 29 COM 8B.53". Decisions of the 29th Session of the World Heritage Committee (PDF). Durban: UNESCO. 2005. p. 143.
  2. ^ "Centro Histórico Urbano de Cienfuegos". EcuRed. Archived from the original on 2 September 2018.

External links[edit]

Media related to Cienfuegos at Wikimedia Commons