Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara

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UNESCO World Heritage Site
Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Great Buddha of Tōdai-ji
Type Cultural
Criteria ii, iii, iv, vi
Reference 870
UNESCO region Asia-Pacific
Inscription history
Inscription 1998 (22nd Session)

The UNESCO World Heritage Site Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara encompasses eight places in the old capital Nara in Nara Prefecture, Japan. Five are Buddhist temples, one is a Shinto shrine, one is a Palace and one a primeval forest. The properties include 26 buildings designated by the Japanese Government as National Treasures as well as 53 designated as Important Cultural Properties. All compounds have been recognized as Historic Sites. The Nara Palace Site was designated as Special Historic Site and the Kasugayama Primeval Forest as Special Natural Monument. Tōdai-ji, Kōfuku-ji and the Kasugayama Primeval Forest overlap with Nara Park, a park designated as one of the "Places of Scenic Beauty" by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT). UNESCO listed the site as World Heritage in 1998.[1][2]

List of places[edit]

Name Type Position Picture
Tōdai-ji (東大寺 Tōdai-ji?, Eastern Great Temple) temple KegonKegon Buddhist temple Zōshichō, Suimonchō, etc. 34°41′21″N 135°50′23″E / 34.68917°N 135.83972°E / 34.68917; 135.83972 Tōdai-ji Kon-dō.jpg
Kōfuku-ji (興福寺 Kōfuku-ji?) temple HossouHossō Buddhist temple Noboriōjichō, Takabatakechō 34°41′N 135°50′E / 34.683°N 135.833°E / 34.683; 135.833 Kofukuji0411.jpg
Kasuga Shrine (春日大社 Kasuga-taisha?) shrineShinto shrine Kasuganochō 34°40′53″N 135°50′54″E / 34.68139°N 135.84833°E / 34.68139; 135.84833 Kasuga-taisha11bs3200.jpg
Gangō-ji (元興寺?) temple Shingon-RitsuShingon-Ritsu Buddhist temple Chūinchō, Nakanochinyachō, etc. 34°40′41″N 135°49′52″E / 34.67806°N 135.83111°E / 34.67806; 135.83111 Gango-ji Gokurakubo.jpg
Yakushi-ji (薬師寺?) temple HossouHossō Buddhist temple Nishinokyōchō 34°40′6.08″N 135°47′3.52″E / 34.6683556°N 135.7843111°E / 34.6683556; 135.7843111 Yakushiji.jpg
Tōshōdai-ji (唐招提寺?) temple RitsuRitsu Buddhist temple Gojōchō, Amagatsujiminamichō 34°40′32.11″N 135°47′5.40″E / 34.6755861°N 135.7848333°E / 34.6755861; 135.7848333 Toshodaiji Nara Nara pref01s5s4290.jpg
Nara Palace Site - Heijō Palace (平城宮 Heijō-kyū?) palace imperialImperial Palace Sakichō, Hokkejichō, etc. 34°41′28″N 135°47′44″E / 34.69111°N 135.79556°E / 34.69111; 135.79556 Miniature Model of Heijo Palace Daigokuden.jpg
Kasugayama Primeval Forest (春日山原始林 Kasugayamagenshirin?) primeval forest Kasuganochō, Zōshichō, etc. 34°40′59.75″N 135°51′39.33″E / 34.6832639°N 135.8609250°E / 34.6832639; 135.8609250

See also[edit]


  1. ^ ICOMOS (30 June 1997). "Advisory Body Evaluation" (PDF). Retrieved 2009-04-24. 
  2. ^ Agency for Cultural Affairs (1997). "Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara — World Heritage List Nomination Cultural Property". Retrieved 2009-04-24.