Historical Museum of Crete
The Historical Museum of Crete is a museum in Heraklion, Crete. It was founded by the Society of Cretan Historical Studies in 1953 and was originally housed in the former Kalokairinos house (1903), a neoclassical building of significant architectural merit. The museum has been expanded with a modern wing.[when?]
The museum's permanent collections highlight the art and history of Crete from the 4th century AD up to and including the Second World War. The collections are ordered chronologically and by subject matter, and are combined with visual material and multimedia. They include ceramics, sculptures, coins, jewelry, wall paintings, portable icons, ritual objects, manuscripts, heirlooms, weavings, the reconstructed interior of a Cretan rural home and much more. The museum exhibits two paintings by El Greco, who was born in Crete as Domenikos Theotokopoulos: The Baptism of Christ (1567) and View of Mount Sinai (1570–2). These are his only works in Crete. There is also a 4×4 meter mock-up of mid-17th century Chandax (Heraklion), at the time when the city reached its peak under Venetian rule. The Nikos Kazantzakis Collection features the study and library from the author's home in Antibes, France, personal effects, manuscripts of his works, first editions of books in various languages, etc.
The temporary exhibition rooms at the Historical Museum of Crete host exhibitions on a wide range of themes (e.g., in summer 2012, the life and work of poet Odysseas Elytis).
The museum library, featuring rare editions and much archive and photographic material, serves both researchers and the general public.
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- Official website (in English)