Historical regions of Romania
The historical regions of Romania are located in Southeastern Europe. Romania came into being through the unification of two principalities, Wallachia and Moldavia in 1862. The new unitary state extended over further regions at various times during the late 19th and 20th centuries, including Dobruja in 1878, and Transylvania in 1918.
- Muntenia (Greater Wallachia): as part of Wallachia, joined Moldavia in 1859 to create modern Romania;
- Oltenia (Lesser Wallachia): the territory between the rivers Danube and Olt and the Southern Carpathian became part of the Principality of Wallachia in the early 14th century;
- western Moldavia: joined Wallachia in 1859 to create modern Romania; the Hertza region is today in Ukraine;
- Bucovina: in Romania between 1918 and World War II, today divided between Romania and Ukraine;
- Bessarabia (eastern Moldavia) (including Budjak): in Romania between 1918 and World War II, today divided between Moldova and Ukraine.
- Northern Dobrogea (including Snake Island): today in Romania (excepting some Danubian islands and the Snake Island which are located in URSS since 1948 and in Ukraine since 1991);
- Southern Dobruja or Cadrilater: in Romania between 1913 and 1940, today in Bulgaria.
Transylvania (the term sometimes encompasses not only Transylvania proper, but also the historical regions of Crișana, Maramureș, and Romanian part of Banat):
- Transylvania proper (the former principality of Transylvania): in Romania since 1918;
- Banat: since 1918 divided between Romania, Serbia and Hungary;
- Crișana: the region bordered by the rivers Mureș and Someș and the Apuseni Mountains became part of Romania in 1918.
- Maramureș: the mountainous northwestern region became part of Romania in 1918.
Transylvania is divided into several ethnographic regions.
During or after World War II Romania lost some of the above mentioned regions: Southern Dobruja (in 1940), Northern Bukovina and Hertza (in 1940), the Snake Island (in 1948) and Bessarabia (in 1940). Transnistria was also occupied for a short time during World War II by Romania (from 1941 to 1944).
- History of Romania
- Development regions of Romania — divisions used currently and which are not based on the borders of historical regions;
- Counties of Romania
- Movement for the unification of Romania and Moldova