History of Bariq

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History of Bariq


Stone Tower of Qahba Village

Ancient History

The first Islamic covenants

Modern phases

Between two phases

Saudi Arabia

Bariq (also transliterated as Barik or Bareq , Arabic: بارق‎) founded in 220 AD .It is part of the territory which is historically known as the "Yemen", which dates back to the second millennium BC and was inhabited by immigrant tribe of southern Yemen called Bariq belongs to the ancient tribe Al-Azd that has many clans linked to it.[1][2][3] known before the advent of Islam as Bdiar Bariq passes the ancient trade route from Yemen to Mecca then to Levant Which known winter and summer trip [4][5] which also used to held Suq Hubasha,[6] in the first month of Rajab eight days, and was told 3 days[7] The market and convoys have been protected by the Bareq country and this souq was a market for Azd. It was one of the greatest Arab souq at all and also the last of the Jahiliyyah (pre-Islamic) markets to be destroyed.[8] In the mid-seventh century AD tribe from Bareq entered Islam and played a pivotal and a major role in the Islamic conquests,[9][10][11][12][13][14] and many of the Bariqian had settled in many countries after the Muslim conquest.[15][16][17][18]


Bariq has been mentioned by many historians of the Islamic era and Arab writers such as Ibn Ishaq, Ibn Al-Kalbi, Ibn Hisham, Ya'qubi, Al-Baladhuri, ibn Khayyat, al-Tabari, Ibn Duraid and others .[19]

Geography the first person who mentioned Bariq in ancient geography books was Hāmdāni in his book Geography of the Arabian Peninsula also al-Hamawi mentioned Bariq in his book too .[20]

See also[edit]


South Arabian alphabet inscribed in a rock in Bariq province .