History of Mexican Americans in Texas

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Map of Belton

Indigenous peoples lived in the area now known as Texas long before Spanish explorers arrived in the area. However, once Spaniards arrived and claimed the area for Spain, a process known as mestizaje occurred, in which Spaniards and Native Americans had mestizo children who had both Spanish and indigenous blood. Texas was ruled by Spain as part of its New Spain territory from 1520, when Spaniards first arrived in Mexico in 1520, until Texas won independence from Mexico in 1836. When Spanish rule in Texas ended, Mexicans in Texas numbered 5,000. In 1850 over 14,000 Texas residents had Mexican origin.[1]

In the 2010 Census, 31.6% of Texans identified as "Mexican, Mexican Am., or Chicano".[2][3]

Media[edit]

La Prensa was a daily Spanish language newspaper published in San Antonio. It was started in 1913 by Ignacio E. Lozano and covered the Mexican Revolution and other stories from Mexico. It was closed in 1963.[4]

Notable persons[edit]

Geography[edit]

Hispanics of Mexican descent dominate southern, south-central, and western Texas and form a significant portion of the residents in the cities of Dallas, Houston, and Austin. The Hispanic population contributes to Texas having a younger population than the American average, because Hispanic births have outnumbered non-Hispanic white births since the early 1990s. In 2007, for the first time since the early nineteenth century, Hispanics accounted for more than half of all births (50.2%), while non-Hispanic whites accounted for just 34%.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mexican Americans." Handbook of Texas. Retrieved on December 11, 2011.
  2. ^ "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Texas; UNITED STATES". www.census.gov.
  3. ^ Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results". factfinder.census.gov.
  4. ^ McMillan, Nora E. Ríos. "LA PRENSA." Handbook of Texas. Retrieved on February 13, 2015.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]