History of Mexican Americans in Texas
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|Ethnicity in Texas|
Indigenous peoples lived in the area now known as Texas long before Spanish explorers arrived in the area. However, once Spaniards arrived and claimed the area for Spain, a process known as mestizaje occurred, in which Spaniards and Native Americans had mestizo children who had both Spanish and indigenous blood. Texas was ruled by Spain as part of its New Spain territory from 1520, when Spaniards first arrived in Mexico in 1520, until Texas won independence from Mexico in 1836. When Spanish rule in Texas ended, Mexicans in Texas numbered 5,000. In 1850 over 14,000 Texas residents had Mexican origin.
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La Prensa was a daily Spanish language newspaper published in San Antonio. It was started in 1913 by Ignacio E. Lozano and covered the Mexican Revolution and other stories from Mexico. It was closed in 1963.
- Plácido Benavides
- José Antonio Burciaga
- José María Jesús Carbajal
- Patricia de la Garza De León
- Martín De León
- Luis Jiménez
- Rafael Manchola
- Octavio Medellín
- Jovita González de Mireles
- Amado M. Peña
- Porfirio Salinas, Jr.
- George I. Sánchez
- Edgar Valdez Villarreal
- Judith Zaffirini
Hispanics of Mexican descent dominate southern, south-central, and western Texas and form a significant portion of the residents in the cities of Dallas, Houston, and Austin. The Hispanic population contributes to Texas having a younger population than the American average, because Hispanic births have outnumbered non-Hispanic white births since the early 1990s. In 2007, for the first time since the early nineteenth century, Hispanics accounted for more than half of all births (50.2%), while non-Hispanic whites accounted for just 34%.
- Hispanic and Latino Americans in Texas
- History of the African-Americans in Texas
- Jewish history in Texas
- German Texan
- "Mexican Americans." Handbook of Texas. Retrieved on December 11, 2011.
- "U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: Texas; UNITED STATES". www.census.gov.
- Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results". factfinder.census.gov.
- McMillan, Nora E. Ríos. "LA PRENSA." Handbook of Texas. Retrieved on February 13, 2015.
- McKenzie, Phyllis. The Mexican Texans. Texas A&M University Press, March 1, 2004. ISBN 1585443077, 9781585443079.
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