History of rugby union matches between Australia and England

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The rivalry between England and Australia started on 9 January 1909 at Blackheath's Rectory Field in England. The Wallabies won the match 9-3. The two nations next met in 1928, at Twickenham, and England won 18-11. Twenty years passed before England and Australia next met, again at Twickenham, with Australia winning the 1948 test 11-0. It would then be another decade until the two nations played another test against one another. In 1958, they met again at Twickenham, and England won 9-6.

England and Australia played each other twice during the 1960s, first in 1963, when the Wallabies defeated England 18-9 at Sydney's Sports Ground. They met again in 1967 and Australia triumphed 23-11 at Twickenham. The nations played each other another four times during the 1970s; with England winning 20-3 at Twickenham in 1973, Australia winning 16-9 at the Sydney Cricket Ground in 1975 and again that year 30-21 at Ballymore, and England winning in 1976, 23-6 at Twickenham.

The two nations would meet six times during the 1980s, the first encounter was in 1982, with England defeating Australia 15-11 at Twickenham. Two years later the Wallabies were victorious at Twickenham, winning 19-3. The next match was a pool match in the 1987 Rugby World Cup at Sydney's Concord Oval in 1987, which Australia won 19-6. The nations played three times in 1988: Australia won 22-16 in Brisbane and 28-8 at the Concord Oval, with England winning the third and final match at Twickenham 28-19.

The sides met three times during the 1990s before the end of amateur era and the introduction of the Cook Cup. The first match was in 1991 at the Sydney Football Stadium, won 40-15 by Australia. The next match was the 1991 Rugby World Cup Final at Twickenham, which the Wallabies won 12-6. with Tim Daly scoring the only try of the game. The last pre-Cook Cup match was a quarter-final tie at the 1995 Rugby World Cup in South Africa, played at Newlands Stadium in Cape Town. England won 25-22, thanks to a last-minute drop goal by Rob Andrew.

Cook Cup[edit]

The Cook Cup came about when the Rugby Football Union (RFU) and the Australian Rugby Union (ARU) agreed to play each other on a home-and-away basis. The first Cook Cup match was played at Sydney's Aussie Stadium on 25 June 1997. Australia won the match 25-6. The series was however to be decided through two tests, and the second took place at Twickenham in London, this resulted in a 15-15 draw. Since Australia won the first test, they were crowned champions.

In 1998 Australia ran out 76-0 winners at Lang Park in Brisbane. The Wallabies were captained by John Eales, and in total, Australia scored 11 tries against a weakened England side. The subsequent meeting at Twickenham saw England lose by just one point, the score being 12-11. The following year, the Cook Cup was decided through one match as opposed to the two Tests. The reason for the format change was due to the 1999 Rugby World Cup. Australia defeated England 22-15 at Stadium Australia. The following year, the Cook Cup was again contested over the single match, due to the 2001 British Lions tour to Australia. The match was played at Twickenham, and England won 22-19 to win their first Cook Cup.

The 2006 match between Australia and England at Telstra Dome.

The single-test format remained for 2002, and England successfully defended their Cook Cup by beating Australia by just one point, 32 to 31 at Twickenham. For 2003, the Cook Cup was again decided over one match, due to the 2003 Rugby World Cup. The match was played at Melbourne's Telstra Dome, and England won 25 to 14. Also that year, the two nations met in what is arguably their most famous encounter ever, at the World Cup final. Jonny Wilkinson landed a drop goal in extra time that saw England win the Rugby World Cup 20-17.

The first post-World Cup match between England and Australia was played at Brisbane's Suncorp Stadium, in 2004, which saw Australia win 51-15. The 2004 Cook Cup was contested over two matches and the second game was played at Twickenham, with Australia winning 21-19, which saw the Wallabies win the Cook Cup. The 2005 Cook Cup was decided by just the one test, and England won 26-16 at Twickenham. In 2006 both games were won by Australia.

The Cook Cup has been contested every year since, with the exception of the World Cup years (2007, 2011 and 2015). Australia retained the cup in 2008, 2009 and the mid-year tests of 2010, before England regained it in the 2010 end-of-year tests. Australia regained the cup in 2012, but since then England have dominated the series, winning it outright in 2013, 2014, 2016 and 2017.

Since 1909, England and Australia have played each other 49 times. Australia have won 25 matches, England have won 23, and there has been one draw.

Summary[edit]

Overall[edit]

Details Played Won by
 Australia
Won by
 England
Drawn Australia points England points
In England 27 11 15 1 433 480
In Australia 20 14 6 0 577 330
Neutral venue 2 0 2 0 32 37
Overall 49 25 23 1 1042 847

Note: Date shown in brackets indicates when the record was or last set.

Record Australia England
Longest winning streak 4 (3 Nov 1984–5 Nov 1988) 5 (18 Nov 2000-22 Nov 2003 & 11 June 2016–present)
Largest points for
Home 76 (6 June 1998) 37 (3 December 2016)
Away 33 (3 October 2015) 44 (25 June 2016)
Largest winning margin
Home 76 (6 June 1998) 24 (18 November 2017)
Away 20 (3 October 2015) 16 (18 June 2016)

Results[edit]

No. Date Venue Score Winner Competition Attendance Ref
1 9 January 1909 Rectory Field, Blackheath 3 – 9  Australia 1908–09 Australia rugby union tour of Britain
2 7 January 1928 Twickenham, London 18 – 11  England 1927–28 Waratahs tour
3 3 January 1948 Twickenham, London 0 – 11  Australia 1947–48 Australia rugby union tour
4 1 February 1958 Twickenham, London 9 – 6  England 1957–58 Australia rugby union tour
5 4 June 1963 Sydney Sports Ground, Sydney 18 – 9  Australia 1963 England rugby union tour of Australasia
6 7 January 1967 Twickenham, London 11 – 23  Australia 1966–67 Australia rugby union tour
7 17 November 1973 Twickenham, London 20 – 3  England 1973 Australia rugby union tour of Europe
8 24 May 1975 Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney 16 – 9  Australia 1975 England rugby union tour of Australia
9 31 May 1975 Ballymore, Brisbane 30 – 21  Australia
10 3 January 1976 Twickenham, London 23 – 6  England 1975–76 Australia rugby union tour of Britain and Ireland
11 2 January 1982 Twickenham, London 15 – 11  England 1981–82 Australia rugby union tour of Britain and Ireland
12 3 November 1984 Twickenham, London 3 – 19  Australia 1984 Australia rugby union tour of Britain and Ireland
13 23 May 1987 Concord Oval, Sydney 19 – 6  Australia 1987 Rugby World Cup
14 29 May 1988 Ballymore, Brisbane 22 – 16  Australia 1988 England rugby union tour of Australia and Fiji
15 12 June 1988 Concord Oval, Sydney 28 – 8  Australia
16 5 November 1988 Twickenham, London 28 – 19  England 1988 Australia rugby union tour
17 27 July 1991 Sydney Football Stadium, Sydney 40 – 15  Australia 1991 England rugby union tour of Australia and Fiji
18 2 November 1991 Twickenham, London 6 – 12  Australia 1991 Rugby World Cup Final
19 11 June 1995 Newlands, Cape Town, South Africa 25 – 22  England 1995 Rugby World Cup
20 12 July 1997 Sydney Football Stadium, Sydney 25 – 6  Australia 1997 England rugby union tour of Argentina and Australia
21 15 November 1997 Twickenham, London 15 – 15   draw
22 6 June 1998 Lang Park, Brisbane 76 – 0  Australia 1998 England rugby union tour of Australasia and South Africa
23 28 November 1998 Twickenham, London 11 – 12  Australia
24 26 June 1999 Telstra Stadium, Sydney 22 – 15  Australia 1999 England rugby union tour of Australia
25 18 November 2000 Twickenham, London 22 – 19  England
26 10 November 2001 Twickenham, London 21 – 15  England
27 16 November 2002 Twickenham, London 32 – 31  England 2002 end of year rugby union tests
28 21 June 2003 Colonial Stadium, Melbourne 14 – 25  England 2003 England rugby union tour of Australasia
29 22 November 2003 Telstra Stadium, Sydney 17 – 20  England 2003 Rugby World Cup Final 82,957
30 26 June 2004 Suncorp Stadium, Brisbane 51 – 15  Australia 2004 England rugby union tour of Australasia
31 27 November 2004 Twickenham, London 19 – 21  Australia 2004 Autumn Internationals
32 12 November 2005 Twickenham, London 26 – 16  England 2005 Autumn Internationals 62,000 [1]
33 11 June 2006 Telstra Stadium, Sydney 34 – 3  Australia 2006 mid-year rugby test series 60,124
34 17 June 2006 Telstra Dome, Melbourne 43 – 18  Australia 41,278
35 6 October 2007 Stade Vélodrome, Marseille, France 10 – 12  England 2007 Rugby World Cup quarter-final 59,102
36 15 November 2008 Twickenham, London 14 – 28  Australia 2008 Autumn International 80,688
37 7 November 2009 Twickenham, London 9 – 18  Australia 2009 Autumn International 80,020
38 12 June 2010 Subiaco Oval, Perth 27 – 17  Australia 2010 England rugby union tour of Australasia 32,228
39 19 June 2010 Telstra Stadium, Sydney 20 – 21  England 48,392
40 13 November 2010 Twickenham, London 35 – 18  England 2010 Autumn International 80,002
41 17 November 2012 Twickenham, London 14 – 20  Australia 2012 Autumn International 81,361
42 2 November 2013 Twickenham, London 20 – 13  England 2013 Autumn International 81,500
43 29 November 2014 Twickenham, London 26 – 17  England 2014 Autumn International 82,044
44 3 October 2015 Twickenham, London 13 – 33  Australia 2015 Rugby World Cup Pool A 81,010
45 11 June 2016 Suncorp Stadium, Brisbane 28 – 39  England 2016 England rugby union tour of Australia 48,128
46 18 June 2016 AAMI Park, Melbourne 7 – 23  England 29,871
47 25 June 2016 Allianz Stadium, Sydney 40 – 44  England 44,063
48 3 December 2016 Twickenham, London 37 – 21  England 2016 Autumn International 81,787
49 18 November 2017 Twickenham, London 30 – 6  England 2017 Autumn International 81,909

Notable Meetings[edit]

World Cup Finals[edit]

2015 World Cup Pool A
2007 World Cup Quarter-finals
2003 Rugby World Cup Final
1995 World Cup Quarter-finals
1991 Rugby World Cup Final
1987 World Cup Pool 1

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "England 26-16 Australia". BBC Sport. 12 November 2005. Retrieved 18 November 2017. 

External links[edit]