Meetings between the rugby union teams of Argentina and British and Irish Lions are not held in regular intevals. The British team went to Argentina three times in the early twentieth century, in 1910, 1927 and 1936. The next time those two teams met was nearly seventy years later in a single match played in Cardiff in May 2005. From a total of seven games, there was one draw and the rest was won by the Lions.
Ahead of the Lions 2005 New Zealand Tour, the Pumas and the Lions played at the Millennium stadium which acted as a warm-up for the Lions. Unlike previous matches, Argentina did not award test caps for the match.