History of the Cham–Vietnamese wars
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The Cham-Vietnamese Wars refer to a series of wars and conflicts between various dynasties of Vietnam and of Champa that led to a total annexation of Champa by the Vietnamese. These wars were part of Vietnam's Nam tiến (March to the South).
List of conflicts
|1||Cham-Vietnamese War (982)||Vietnamese victory ( Early Lê dynasty) under emperor Lê Hoàn |
|2||Cham-Vietnamese War (1044)||Vietnamese victory ( Later Lý dynasty) under emperor Lý Thái Tông|
|3||Cham-Vietnamese War (1069)||Vietnamese victory ( Later Lý dynasty) under emperor Lý Thánh Tông|
|4||Cham-Vietnamese War (1075-1104)||Both sides withdrew forces|
|5||Cham-Vietnamese War (1367-1396)||Both sides withdrew forces ( Vietnamese emperor Trần Duệ Tông was killed in 1377 while Champa king Po Binasuor was killed in 1390)|
|6||Cham-Vietnamese War (1400-1407)||Cham-China(Ming dynasty) alliance victory (Hồ dynasty conquered by Ming dynasty of China)|
|7||Cham-Vietnamese War (1446)||Vietnamese victory ( Lê dynasty under Queen regent Nguyễn Thị Anh.)|
|8||Cham-Vietnamese War (1471)||Vietnamese victory ( Lê dynasty under emperor Lê Thánh Tông.)|
|9||Cham-Vietnamese War (1611)||Nguyễn lords victory under lord Nguyễn Hoàng|
|10||Cham-Vietnamese War (1653)||Nguyễn lords victory|
|11||Cham-Vietnamese War (1693)||Nguyễn lords victory|
|12||Cham rebellion (An anti-Vietnamese rebellion by the Cham occurred in 1728 after the passing away of their ruler Po Saktiraydaputih)||Nguyễn lords victory|
|13||Cham-Vietnamese War (1832-1834) (Katip Suma's Jihad against Vietnam)||Vietnamese victory (Kingdom of Champa annexed by Nguyễn dynasty)|
|14||Cham-Vietnamese War (1834-1835) (jathak wa uprising)||Vietnamese victory|
- Nguyen Thu (1 May 2009). Dai-viet Kingdom of the South. Trafford Publishing. pp. 6–. ISBN 978-1-4251-8645-6.[self-published source]
- K. W. Taylor (9 May 2013). A History of the Vietnamese. Cambridge University Press. pp. 70–. ISBN 978-0-521-87586-8.
- Nguyen Thu (1 May 2009). Dai-viet Kingdom of the South. Trafford Publishing. pp. 7–. ISBN 978-1-4251-8645-6.[self-published source]
- Ben Kiernan (1 October 2008). Blood and Soil: A World History of Genocide and Extermination from Sparta to Darfur. Yale University Press. pp. 106–. ISBN 978-0-300-13793-4.
- Haywood, John; Jotischky, Andrew; McGlynn, Sean (1998). Historical Atlas of the Medieval World, AD 600-1492. Barnes & Noble. p. 3.31. ISBN 978-0-7607-1976-3.
- Danny Wong Tze Ken (2012). "Champaka Monograph 5: The Nguyen and Champa during 17th and 18th Century - A Study of Nguyen Foreign Relations" (PDF): 124. Retrieved 23 August 2016.
- Jean-François Hubert (8 May 2012). The Art of Champa. Parkstone International. pp. 25–. ISBN 978-1-78042-964-9."The Raja Praong Ritual: A Memory of the Sea in Cham- Malay Relations". Cham Unesco. Archived from the original on 6 February 2015. Retrieved 25 June 2015. (Extracted from Truong Van Mon, "The Raja Praong Ritual: a Memory of the sea in Cham- Malay Relations", in Memory And Knowledge Of The Sea In South Asia, Institute of Ocean and Earth Sciences, University of Malaya, Monograph Series 3, pp, 97-111. International Seminar on Maritime Culture and Geopolitics & Workshop on Bajau Laut Music and Dance", Institute of Ocean and Earth Sciences and the Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences, University of Malaya, 23-24/2008)Dharma, Po. "The Uprisings of Katip Sumat and Ja Thak Wa (1833-1835)". Cham Today. Archived from the original on 26 June 2015. Retrieved 25 June 2015.
- Dictionary of Wars - George C. Kohn. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2015-08-27.
- Vietnam - Nick Ray (Travel writer). Books.google.com. 2010-09-15. p. 277. Retrieved 2015-08-27.
- Vietnam - Scott Rutherford. Books.google.com. p. 71. Retrieved 2015-08-27.
- Lonely Planet Vietnam - Lonely Planet, Iain Stewart, Brett Atkinson, Peter Dragicevich, Nick Ray. Books.google.com. 2012-03-01. Retrieved 2015-08-27.