History of the Internet in Sweden

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The history of Internet in Sweden can be considered to have begun in 1984, when the first Swedish network was connected to the Internet in Gothenburg. In the past, however, were data links between some colleges and universities with access via modem and UUCP to the European part of the Internet. The Internet's predecessor ARPANET took its start around 1969 in California, USA.

Although Sweden had connected to the internet in 1984, it was not until 1988 that this access was considered significant, when the higher education network SUNET was able to connect with the USA. Internet access became available to the Swedish public in 1994 when Kuai Connection and later Algonet as the first operators connected the Swedish Internet with the Swedish telephone network via modem pools. [1] [2] The usage costs were made up of a fixed monthly fee and per minute charges as with any other telephone call. In 1996 Internet access became available for a flat monthly fee in Ängelholm where the local cable TV company began to offer connectivity via Cable TV modems with an Ethernet interface. A big change started in 1999 when Bredbandsbolaget concluded a Framework Agreement with housing movement HSB and a large number of condominium apartments were given access to the Internet. This led Telia to come up with a similar offer, and soon a market was created where Bredbandsbolaget and Telia were just two of several players. In 2001, ADSL was made available, in beginning only from Telia who decided over the existing copper cables.


Timeline for the History of the Internet in Sweden:

1962 The first modem for the telephone lines was made commercially available, with a transmission speed of 300 bit/s.

1971 Televerket (later Telia) abolished the monopoly on mobile (radio) terminals.[3]

1978 The first electronic discussion forum (BBS) were started in Sweden by Stockholms Datamaskincentral (QZ).

1979-1993 Televerket run their Datavision service that people connected to with a modem and a special software and subscription. It was offered commercially in 1982. Many larger companies embraced the service, but it did not become widespread elsewhere. Steve Jobs declared in 1984 that the service were "too single minded".[4] It was shutdown later. But even during their active time resistance arose to electronic alternatives: "The association of newspaper publishers to the government asserted a strong concern about the competition Videotex would entail for the newspapers. An inquiry majority proposed a ban on advertising."[5] (But it didn't became like that) this service did anyway cost the equivalent of 0.55 SEK/minute - 0.12 US$/minute.[6][4]

1979-1988 The network of Swedish universities (Sunet) used Televerket X.25 but did later leave this inefficient protocol behind permanently in favor of leased direct connections.[7]

1980 The first volunteer-driven electronic discussion forum (BBS) which were available via modem connection was started by the club for ABC-computers.[8][9]

1983 The exclusive right for the state monopoly Televerket to supply a modems for speeds up to 1200 bit/s ceased.[10]

1983 Björn Eriksen linked a VAX 780 computer in Sweden with the UUCP protocol and a 1200 bit/s[7] as a UUCP node in the European segment of the Internet.

1983 Some Swedish Social Democrats tried to get a tax on the use of computers,[11] see motion "1983/84:596 av Kurt Ove Johansson (s) och Stig Gustafsson (s) I molionen yrkas atl riksdagen hos regeringen begär en utredning om alt beskatta eller avgiftsbelägga användningen av datorer." (sic!) ("1983/84: 596 Kurt Ove Johansson (s) and Stig Gustafsson (s) in the motion claims insist that the parliament to the government request an investigation into taxing or charging for the use of computers").[12][13]

1984 The very first Swedish network[14] was connected to the Internet by Ulf Bilting at Chalmers University of Technology.[15]

1988 The Swedish University Network (Sunet) was created with X.25 links domesticly at 9.6 kbit/s[7] and were connected via Nordunet created that same year to the United States with a 56 kbit/s link to Princeton University.[7][16] this got most university- and Högskole students access to the Internet for real. The choice of IP as the network protocol was not settled or clear: "many networkers within the nordunet community never really regarded osi as an option, but were from the start determined to build a tcp/ip network. osi remained in the nordunet plans only because it was pushed so strongly by the European Commission."[16]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Datormagazin 1994 #15 Advertisement for Kuai Connection
  2. ^ "Datormagazin 1994 #16 Editorial" (PDF).
  3. ^ mobilen50ar.se - Fakta om mobilen. En resa genom tiderna. Archived 2012-04-17 at the Wayback Machine 2007
  4. ^ a b http://www.jpe.se/To11.htm - Journalist Per Eriksson, Minnet av en gulbrun dator 2008
  5. ^ http://www.teldok.se/TeldokArkiv/pdf/via3.pdf[permanent dead link] via Teldok, 3/1987 (död länk)
  6. ^ "1979 US Dollar to Swedish Krona, 1979 USD to SEK Currency Converter". Retrieved 2016-04-22. 1979 US Dollar = 16,107 Swedish Krona
  7. ^ a b c d http://www.sunet.se/download/18.6d7c8917128274d3dd080005975/De%2520byggde%2520Internet_2009_inlaga_webb.pdf sunet.se - De byggde internet i Sverige, upplaga-2, 2009
  8. ^ tidskriftenfabrik.com - Copyright finns inte V3.0, Linus Walleij 1999-12-31
  9. ^ c2i.net - Chapter 3, The grass-roots of hacker culture Archived 2016-05-09 at the Wayback Machine 1999
  10. ^ "Hur 80-talets svenska IT-under nästan kraschlandade". 2012-03-08. Retrieved 2013-07-03. Att Televerket dessutom hade monopol på att leverera modem med hastigheter på upp till 1200 baud fram till 1983 framstår idag som närmast vansinnigt, men så var det på den tiden.
  11. ^ riksdagen.se - Kammarens protokoll[permanent dead link] 1983
  12. ^ riksdagen.se - Betänkande 1983/84:SkU22 om nya förfaranderegler för punktskatter och prisregleringsavgifter (prop. 1983/84:71)[permanent dead link] 1983
  13. ^ idg/eforum - Ta upp ett gammalt inlägg 2000
  14. ^ RFC900 juni 1984
  15. ^ metro.se - Ulf Bilting kopplade in Sverige på internet, 2009-06-16
  16. ^ a b NorduNet history.pdf 2005