History of the Japanese in Seattle
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|Ethnicity in Seattle|
In the mid-1880s a wave of immigration came from Japan to Seattle. Japanese came because Chinese were prevented from immigrating due to the Chinese Exclusion Act. A Japantown was developed, and Japanese became involved in the local economy. White businesspersons opposed to Japanese settlement formed the Anti-Japanese League in 1919.
After the 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor, ethnic Japanese in Seattle were sent to concentration camps. After an initial internment at Camp Harmony in Puyallup, Washington, about 7,000 Seattle-area persons of Japanese ancestry were forced to leave the Seattle area to go to the Minidoka Relocation Center in Idaho, while another 1,000 from the Seattle area went to other camps. Members of the Japanese community lost their businesses and residences. 450 students of the University of Washington were forced to leave the university due to their internment.
As the war ended, residents were allowed to return, initially staying in churches, other persons' residences, and the Seattle Japanese Language School building as they recovered from the effects of internment. Japanese Seattleites who were located at Minindoka, which was renamed the "Hunt Camp," named the school the "Hunt Hotel." The Nikkei Heritage Association of Washington started the "Omoide" education program to memorialize the incarceration of the Japanese people. In 2008 UW held an honorary graduation ceremony (The Long Journey Home) for the Japanese who had been their studies cut short, with 200 former students, most of whom were in their 80s at the time, and family members of former students present. Tetsuden Kashima, an ethnic studies professor of the university, presented the degrees.
As of 2000 many ethnic Japanese in the Seattle area live in the Eastside region. That year 70% of the employees of the members of the Japanese business association Sunju Club, according to the organization's figures, resided in that region. 7,829 ethnic Japanese reside in Seattle alone in 2010 while a total of 20,652 ethnic Japanese reside in King County alone.
Kip Tokuda, who served as a representative in the Washington State Government, had worked to build the Japanese Cultural and Community Center of Washington (JCCCW; ワ州日本文化会館 Wa-shū Nihon Bunka Kaikan).
Densho is a nonprofit organization based in Seattle, Washington, which collects video oral histories and documents regarding Japanese American internment in the United States during World War II.
By the 1930s farms owned by Japanese had produced about 75% of the produce generated in the Seattle area. This included farms in Bellevue and the White River Valley. The Pike Place Market was the point of sale of some of the produce.
Early Japanese settlers worked in coal mines, canneries of salmon products, railroad construction areas, and sawmills.
Uwajimaya has its headquarters in Seattle.
North American Post is the region's Japanese newspaper.
The Japan-America Society of the State of Washington (JASSW; ワシントン州日米協会 Washinton-shū Nichibei Kyōkai) operates the Seattle Japanese Language School (JLS) in Seattle. It was established in 1902, making it the continental United States's oldest Japanese language school.
The Nippon Kan Theatre was a former Japanese theater.
- Paul Chihara, composer
- Taky Kimura, martial artist
- Fujitaro Kubota, gardener and philanthropist
- William K. Nakamura, soldier and Medal of Honor recipient
- Kenjiro Nomura, artist
- John Okada, author
- Yuji Okumoto (Actor)
- Ichiro Suzuki (Seattle Mariners baseball player)
- Kamekichi Tokita, painter and diarist
- Kip Tokuda (Washington State representative)
- George Tsutakawa, sculptor and painter
- Minoru Yamasaki, architect
- Boswell, Sharon and Lorraine McConaghy. "Abundant dreams diverted" (Archive). The Seattle Times. June 23, 1996. Retrieved on December 21, 2014.
- George, Kathy. "Seattle's Japantown remembered" (Archive). Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Sunday November 21, 2004. Retrieved on April 9, 2015. "The World War II internment of Japanese Americans wiped out an entire Seattle community, forcing the 8,000 residents of "Japantown" to abandon their homes and small businesses." and "After Japan bombed Pearl Harbor in 1941, Inouye, her parents and her five siblings were among the 7,000 Seattle-area residents who were rounded up and shipped to an internment camp in Minidoka, Idaho."
- Rolph, Amy. "Former Japanese-American students graduate UW after a 66-year wait" (Archive). Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Sunday May 18, 2008. Retrieved on April 9, 2015.
- Cohen, Aubrey. "Japanese center holds memories of Hunt Hotel" (Archive). Seattle Post-Intelligencer. Friday June 8, 2007. Retrieved on April 9, 2015.
- Vinh, Tan. " Bellevue school rolls out sushi; kids eat it up" (Archive). Seattle Times. Thursday January 27, 2000. Retrieved on April 9, 2015.
- Matsukawa, Lori (Special to the newspaper). "Guest: Kip Tokuda’s work on Seattle’s Japanese Cultural and Community Center." The Seattle Times. July 25, 2013. Retrieved on June 15, 2014.
- "ようこそ！ シアトル日本語補習学校のホームページへ." Seattle Japanese School. Retrieved on June 15, 2014.
- "Seattle Japanese Language School." Japan-America Society of the State of Washington. Retrieved on June 15, 2014.
- McNerthney, Casey. "P-I archives: Former Broadway High teachers" (Archive). Seattle Post-Intelligencer. October 21, 2010.
- Fiset, Louis. Camp Harmony: Seattle's Japanese Americans and the Puyallup Assembly Center. University of Illinois Press, 2009. ISBN 0252076729, 9780252076725. See entry - Google Books
- Lee, Shelley Sang-Hee. Claiming the Oriental Gateway: Prewar Seattle and Japanese America (Asian American History & Culture). Temple University Press, 2011. ISBN 1439902151, 9781439902158.
- Miyamoto, Shotaro Frank (1984). Social Solidarity Among the Japanese in Seattle. University of Washington Press. ISBN 978-0295961514.
- Shibazaki, Ryoichi. "Seattle and the Japanese—United States Baseball Connection, 1905-1926" (Master's Thesis). University of Washington, 1981.
- Takami, David. Divided Destiny: A History of Japanese Americans in Seattle. University of Washington Press, 1999.
- "Report on Designation Seattle Japanese Language School" (Archive). Seattle Landmarks Preservation Board.