Eighth generation of video game consoles
|Part of a series on the|
|history of video games|
In the history of video games, the eighth generation includes consoles released since 2012 by Nintendo, Microsoft, and Sony Computer Entertainment. For home consoles, the eighth generation began on November 18, 2012 with the release of the Wii U, and continued with the release of the PlayStation 4 on November 15, 2013, and Xbox One on November 22, 2013. These video game consoles follow the seventh generation: Sony's PlayStation 3, Nintendo's Wii and Microsoft's Xbox 360. For video game handhelds, the generation began in February 2011 with the release of the Nintendo 3DS, successor to the Nintendo DS, in Japan, followed by a North American and European release in March. Nintendo released the New Nintendo 3DS XL in North America on February 13, 2015. The successor of the PlayStation Portable, the PlayStation Vita, was released in Japan in December 2011, and in Western markets in February 2012.
The generation was predicted to face competition from smartphones, tablets, and smart TVs. In 2013, gaming revenue on Android overtook portable game console revenue, while remaining a distant second to iOS gaming revenue. In FY 2013 (ending early 2013), Nintendo sold 23.7 million consoles, while Apple sold 58.2 million iPads in FY 2012 (ending late 2012).
All three of the eighth generation home consoles use AMD GPUs, and two of them use AMD CPUs. Microsoft, Nintendo, and Sony were not aware that they were all using AMD processors until all their consoles were announced. Both AMD and Nvidia are optimistic for the PC market, as the unified CPU/GPU processors in the PlayStation 4 and Xbox One use the same x86 programming architecture found in PCs, with AMD planning to introduce similar processors to desktop and laptop PCs in the near future. Nvidia claims that game consoles will no longer be able to compete with PC graphics due to massive R&D funding by Nvidia and AMD, and stricter size and power requirements of consoles.
The million dollar pre-sale success of Ouya, an Android-based microconsole initially founded through crowdfunding has raised open-source development and the free-to-play model as key issues to be addressed by eighth generation consoles. The microconsoles like Nvidia Shield Console, MOJO, Razer Switchblade, GamePop, GameStick, Ouya, and PC-based Steam Machine consoles are attempting to compete in this market; these are seldom referred to as "eighth generation" consoles or even as "seventh generation" consoles, however.
Though prior console generations have normally occurred in five to six-year cycles, the transition from seventh to eighth generation has lasted more than six years. The transition is also unusual in that the prior generation's best-selling unit, the Wii, is the first to be replaced in the eighth generation. In 2011, Microsoft had stated they began looking at their next console, but they, along with Sony, considered themselves only halfway through a ten-year lifecycle for their seventh-generation offerings. Sony and Microsoft representatives have stated that the addition of motion controllers and camera-based controllers like Kinect and PlayStation Move have extended these systems' lifetimes. Nintendo president Satoru Iwata had stated that his company would be releasing the Wii U due to declining sales of seventh generation home consoles and that "the market is now waiting for a new proposal for home consoles". Sony considered making its next console a digital download only machine, but decided against it due to concerns about the inconsistency of internet speeds available globally, especially in developing countries.
The eighth generation of consoles also sees a re-entry of manufacturers into the Chinese market, following the lifting of a 14-year video game console ban there during 2014. The Chinese government banned video game consoles in 2000, citing concerns of their effect on youth, meaning that consoles were forbidden to be officially and legally sold in retail stores in China, forcing console gaming into a niche and creating a black market for imported game devices. Both Microsoft and Sony have announced that they intend on releasing their consoles in China via the Shanghai Free-Trade Zone, with the Xbox One released there in September 2014, whilst the PlayStation 4 has yet to have a fixed release schedule. CEO of Sony Computer Entertainment Andrew House has also explained in September 2013 that the company intends on using the PlayStation Vita TV as a low-cost alternative for consumers in an attempt to penetrate the Chinese gaming market.
In November 2010, Nintendo of America CEO Reggie Fils-Aime stated that the release of the next generation of Nintendo would be determined by the continued success of the Wii. Nintendo announced their successor to the Wii, the Wii U, at the Electronic Entertainment Expo 2011 on June 7, 2011. After the announcement, several journalists classified the system as the first eighth generation home console. However, prominent sources have disputed this because of its comparative lack of power and older disc media type with respect to the announced specifications for PlayStation 4 and the Xbox One.
The Wii U's main controller, the Wii U GamePad, features an embedded touchscreen that can work as an auxiliary interactive screen in a fashion similar to the Nintendo DS/3DS, or if compatible with "Off TV Play", can even act as the main screen itself, enabling games to be played without the need of a television. The Wii U is compatible with its predecessor's peripherals, such as the Wii Remote Plus, the Nunchuk, and the Wii Balance Board.
The Wii U was released in North America on November 18, 2012, in Europe on November 30, 2012 and in Japan on December 8, 2012. It came in two versions, the Basic Model and the Deluxe/Premium Model, at the price of $300 and $349 US Dollars, respectively. On August 28, 2013, Nintendo announced production of the Basic model has ended and expected supplies to be exhausted by September 20, 2013. On October 4, 2013, the Deluxe/Premium model was price cut from US$349 to US$300.
On February 20, 2013, Sony announced the PlayStation 4 during a press conference in New York City, and it was released on November 15, 2013 in North America. The new console places a heavy emphasis on features surrounding social interaction; gameplay videos can be shared via the PlayStation Network and other services, and users can stream games being played by themselves or others (either through the console, or directly to services such as Twitch). The PS4's DualShock 4 controller is similar to the previous model, but adds a touchpad and a "Share" button, along with an LED light bar on the front to allow motion tracking. An updated camera accessory will also be offered for the system; it now uses 1280×800px stereo cameras with support for depth sensing similar to Kinect, and remains compatible with the PlayStation Move peripherals. The PS4 will also have second screen capabilities through both mobile apps and the PlayStation Vita, and game streaming through the recently acquired Gaikai service.
The PlayStation 4 was released on November 15, 2013 in North America and November 29, 2013 in Australia and Europe at US$399.99, A$549 and €399 respectively.
On May 21, 2013, Microsoft announced the Xbox One at an event in Redmond, Washington. The console has an increased focus on entertainment, including the ability to pass television programming from a set-top box over HDMI and use a built-in electronic program guide, and the ability to multitask by snapping applications (such as Skype and Internet Explorer) to the side of the screen, similarly to Windows 8. The Xbox One also includes an updated version of Kinect with a 1080p camera and expanded voice controls, a new controller with "Impulse Triggers" that provide force feedback, and the ability to automatically record and save highlights from gameplay.
The Xbox One was released in North America, Europe and Australia on November 22, 2013 at a launch price of US$499.99, €499 and A$599 respectively with Japan, and was later released in 26 other markets in 2014.
|Name||Wii U||PlayStation 4||Xbox One|
|A white Wii U console and GamePad||A PlayStation 4 console and DualShock 4 controller||An Xbox One console, controller and Kinect sensor|
|Launch prices||Basic Model
|Current prices||Deluxe/Premium Model
||Launch Model||Launch Model
Same as launch prices
1TB Model (without Kinect)
|Units shipped||Worldwide: 12.80 million (As of 31 March 2016[update])||Worldwide: 40 million (As of 31 March 2016[update])||Worldwide: 10 million (As of December 2014[update])|
|Units sold||Worldwide: greater than 12 million (As of 2nd week of April 2016)||Worldwide: 40 million (As of 22 May 2016[update])||Worldwide: 3 million (As of 31 December 2013[update])|
|Best-selling game||Mario Kart 8, 7.50 million
(As of 31 March 2016[update])
Further information: List of best-selling PlayStation 4 video games
Further information: List of best-selling Xbox One video games
|Media||Wii U Optical Disc
Similar to a 25 GB single layer BD at 5x CAV
Wii Optical Disc
Similar to a 4.7 GB DVD or 8.4 GB DVD-DL at 6x CAV
Blu-ray at 6x CAV, DVD at 8x CAV
|Blu-ray, DVD, CD
|CPU||Tri-Core IBM PowerPC "Espresso" @ 1.24 GHz
Secondary low power ARM9 processor (for background tasks)
|Octa-Core (2 quad-core modules) AMD x86-64 "Jaguar"-based @ 1.6 GHz||Octa-Core (2 quad-core modules) AMD x86-64 "Jaguar"-based @ 1.75 GHz
|GPU||AMD Radeon "Latte"||AMD Radeon "Liverpool"||AMD Radeon "Durango"|
|Storage||500 GB HDD, 1 TB HDD (user replaceable)||500 GB HDD, 1 TB HDD (non-replaceable)
8 GB flash memory (reserved for the OS)
|Supports up to 32 GB SDHC cards
Supports up to 2 TB USB HDD (Wii U Mode only)
|No external HDD support||Supports USB HDD larger than 256 GB|
|Game Installation||Only downloaded games can be installed to storage||All games must be installed to a connected HDD||All games must be installed to a connected HDD|
|Dimensions||When lying down on its side:
Width: 172 mm (6.7 in)
Height: 46 mm (1.8 in)
Length: 268.5 mm (10.5 in)
(can be oriented vertically using a stand)
|When lying down on its side:
Width: 275 mm (10.8 in)
Height: 53 mm (2.0 in)
Length: 305 mm (12.0 in)
(can be oriented vertically using a stand)
|When lying down on its side:
Width: 309 mm (12.1 in)
Height: 83 mm (3.2 in)
Length: 258 mm (10.1 in)
(must be oriented horizontally)
|Weight||1.5 kg (3.3 lb)||2.8 kg (6.1 lb)||3.2 kg (7.0 lb)|
|Power||75 W (external power supply)||89 W (internal power supply)||External power supply|
Deluxe/Premium Model only
1080p, 1080i, 720p, 480p
576i, 480i (standard 4:3 and 16:9 anamorphic widescreen)
|4K†, 1080p, 1080i and 720p
† 4K resolution supported for videos, movies and pictures only.
|4K, 1080p and 720p
|Integrated 3DTV support||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Second screen||Wii U GamePad (bundled with console)||PlayStation Vita
PlayStation App on iOS and Android devices
|SmartGlass on Windows 8, Windows Phone, iOS, and Android devices|
|Local game streaming via Off-TV Play to Wii U GamePad for some games||Local and remote game streaming via Remote Play to PS Vita, OS X and Windows, or selected Sony Xperia smartphone for all games,
except those that require the PS Camera or PS Move
|Local game streaming via Xbox App to Windows 10 PC.|
|Touch capability||Wii U GamePad includes an integrated resistive touchscreen||DualShock 4 controller includes an integrated 2 point capacitive touchpad||N/A|
|Camera||Wii U GamePad camera (bundled with all consoles)||PlayStation Camera||Kinect|
|Online services||Nintendo Network||PlayStation Network||Xbox Live|
|Downloads games and automatic updates in the background via SpotPass||Downloads games and automatic updates in the background||Downloads games and automatic updates in the background|
|Free||Paid PlayStation Plus subscription required for online multiplayer, except for free-to-play titles.||Paid Xbox Live Gold subscription required for online multiplayer and party chat.|
|Game DVR||Screenshots with Miiverse integration (can be shared on Facebook, Twitter, Google Plus and Tumblr)||Screenshots with Facebook and Twitter integration||Screenshots with Twitter integration|
|Gameplay replays with YouTube integration (select games only)||Up to 15 minutes of gameplay with Facebook, YouTube and Dailymotion integration||Up to 5 minutes of gameplay|
|N/A||Live streaming with Twitch and Ustream integration||Live streaming with Twitch integration|
|Free||Free||Paid subscription to Xbox Live Gold required|
|Regional lockout||Region locked||Unrestricted||Unrestricted|
|List of games||List of Wii U software||List of PlayStation 4 games||List of Xbox One games|
|Backward compatibility||Supports Wii software on disc and downloaded from Wii Shop Channel. Games from previous generations available for digital purchase and download via Virtual Console on Nintendo eShop.||PlayStation Now cloud support for selected PlayStation 3 games began in January 2015 for North America. Subscription required.||Selected Xbox 360 games; Requires download of digital version of game at no additional charge to existing owners of the game.|
|System software||Wii U system software||PlayStation 4 system software||Xbox One system software|
|Updates are downloaded and installed automatically in Standby Mode||Updates are downloaded and installed automatically in Rest Mode||Updates are downloaded and installed automatically in Instant-on Mode|
A trend starting from the eighth generation of handheld systems is that the general shift from dedicated handheld gaming consoles to mobile gaming on smart devices, such as smartphones and tablets. As such, smart devices has eroded sales of dedicated handheld gaming consoles, with analyst predicting that smart devices will replace handheld gaming consoles in the near future.
The Nintendo 3DS is a portable game console produced by Nintendo. It is the successor to the Nintendo DS. The autostereoscopic device is able to project stereoscopic 3D effects without the use of 3D glasses or any additional accessories. The Nintendo 3DS features backward compatibility with Nintendo DS series software, including Nintendo DSi software. Announcing the device in March 2010, Nintendo officially unveiled it at E3 2010, with the company inviting attendees to use demonstration units. The console succeeds the Nintendo DS series of handheld systems, which primarily competes with PlayStation Portable. It competes with Sony's handheld, the PlayStation Vita.
The Nintendo 3DS was released in Japan on February 26, 2011; in Europe on March 25, 2011; in North America on March 27, 2011; and in Australia on March 31, 2011. On July 28, 2011, Nintendo announced a major price drop starting August 12. In addition, as of September 2011 consumers who bought the system at its original price have access to ten Nintendo Entertainment System games before they are available to the general public, after which the games may be updated to the versions publicly released on the Nintendo eShop. In December 2011, ten Game Boy Advance games were made available to consumers who bought the system at its original price at no charge, with Nintendo stating it has no plans to release to the general public.
On June 21, 2012, Nintendo announced a new, bigger model of the 3DS called the Nintendo 3DS XL. It has 90% larger screens than the 3DS and slightly longer battery life. It was released on July 28, 2012 in Europe and August 19, 2012 in North America.
On August 28, 2013, Nintendo announced a low cost, 2D version of the 3DS called the Nintendo 2DS. This redesign plays all Nintendo DS and Nintendo 3DS games, albeit without a 3D option. Unlike previous machines of the DS family, the Nintendo 2DS uses a slate-like design instead of a clamshell one. The console launched on October 12 in both Europe and North America.
On August 29, 2014, Nintendo announced a newer model of the 3DS called the New Nintendo 3DS and New Nintendo 3DS XL. It was released in Japan on October 11, 2014; in Australasia on November 21, 2014; in Europe on February 13, 2015; in North America on February 13, 2015 for the XL version. The smaller version for North America was released on September 25, 2015 bundled with the game Animal Crossing: Happy Home Designer.
PlayStation Vita is a handheld game console developed by Sony Computer Entertainment. It is the successor to the PlayStation Portable as part of the PlayStation brand of gaming devices. It was released in Japan on December 17, 2011 and was released in Europe and North America on February 22, 2012.
The handheld includes two analog sticks, a 5-inch (130 mm) OLED/LCD multi-touch capacitive touchscreen, and supports Bluetooth, Wi-Fi and optional 3G. Internally, the PS Vita features a 4 core ARM Cortex-A9 MPCore processor and a 4 core SGX543MP4+ graphics processing unit, as well as LiveArea software as its main user interface, which succeeds the XrossMediaBar.
The device is backward-compatible with a subset of the PlayStation Portable and PS One games digitally released on the PlayStation Network via the PlayStation Store. However, PS One Classics and TurboGrafx-16 titles were not compatible at launch. The Vita's dual analog sticks are supported on selected PSP games via button mapping. The graphics for PSP releases are up-scaled, with a smoothing filter to reduce pixelation.
|Product Line||Nintendo 3DS||PlayStation Vita|
|Name||Nintendo 3DS||Nintendo 3DS XL||Nintendo 2DS||New Nintendo 3DS||New Nintendo 3DS XL||PS Vita (PCH-1000)||PS Vita (PCH-2000)|
|Current prices||Wi-Fi / Wi-Fi+3G|
|Units shipped||Worldwide: 58.85 million (As of 31 March 2016[update])||Worldwide: 4 million (As of 4 January 2013[update])|
|Best-selling game||Pokémon X and Y, 14.70 million units (As of 31 March 2016[update])||TBA|
|5 in (130 mm) OLED 960 × 544 px||5 in (130 mm) IPS LCD 960 × 544 px|
|Approximately 16.77 million colors||Approximately 16.77 million colors|
|5 brightness levels||0-100% brightness levels|
|Autostereoscopy (3D)||Yes||No||Yes (with 'Super Stable 3D' technology)||No|
|CPU||Dual-core ARM11 MPCore & Dual-core VFP Co-Processor||Quad-core ARM11 MPCore & Quad-core VFP Co-Processor||Quad-core ARM Cortex-A9 MPCore|
|GPU||Digital Media Professionals PICA200||PowerVR SGX543MP4+|
|RAM||128 MB FCRAM, 6 MB VRAM||256 MB FCRAM, 10 MB VRAM||512 MB RAM, 128 MB VRAM|
|Camera||One front-facing and a set of two rear-facing 3D 0.3 MP (VGA) camera sensors||Front and rear 0.3 MP (VGA) camera sensors|
|Storage||1 GB internal flash memory||No internal storage||1 GB internal flash memory|
|Supports up to 512 GB SDXC, up to 32 GB SDHC and up to 2 GB SD memory cards||Supports 4 GB, 8 GB, 16 GB, 32 GB and 64 GB proprietary removable memory cards|
|2 GB SD card included||4 GB SDHC card included||4 GB microSDHC card included||No external storage included|
|Media||Nintendo 3DS Game Card (1–8 GB) / Nintendo DS Game Card (8–512 MB)
|PlayStation Vita Game Card (2–4 GB)
|Battery||1300 mAh lithium-ion battery
||1750 mAh lithium-ion battery
||1300 mAh lithium-ion battery
||1400 mAh lithium-ion battery
||1700 mAh lithium-ion battery
||2200 mAh lithium-ion battery
||2210 mAh lithium-ion battery
|Determined by screen brightness, Wi-Fi, sound volume, and whether 3D is active (3DS models only)||Determined by screen brightness, Wi-Fi, sound volume, and whether 3G is active (3G model only)|
|Console Connection||Wii / Wii U||PlayStation 3 / PlayStation 4|
|Stylus||Extendable up to 100 mm (3.9 in) long||96 mm (3.8 in) long||76.5 mm (3.01 in) long||86 mm (3.4 in) long||N/A|
|Weight||235 grams (8.3 oz)||336 grams (11.9 oz)||260 grams (9.2 oz)||253 grams (8.9 oz)||329 grams (11.6 oz)||Wi-Fi
260 grams (9.2 oz)
279 grams (9.8 oz)
|219 grams (7.7 oz)|
|Online services||Nintendo Network||Sony Entertainment Network|
|Full game download/installation and automatic updates in the background via SpotPass||Full game download/installation in the background|
|Regional lockout||Region locked||Unrestricted|
|List of games||List of Nintendo 3DS games||List of PlayStation Vita games|
|System software||Nintendo 3DS system software||PlayStation Vita system software|
- The Virtual Console classic video game re-release distribution service on Nintendo 3DS, Nintendo 3DS XL, Nintendo 2DS, New Nintendo 3DS and New Nintendo 3DS XL currently have available for purchase digital versions of select games for the Game Boy, Game Boy Color, Sega Game Gear and Nintendo Entertainment System platforms, via Nintendo eShop. Nintendo 3DS Ambassadors also have 10 Game Boy Advance games available for download.
|Name||Manufacturer||Release date||OS||System-on-chip used||CPU||GPU||Physical Media support||Notes|
|Amazon Fire TV||Amazon.com||April 2, 2014||Fire OS||Qualcomm Snapdragon 600 APQ8064T||Quad-Core Qualcomm Krait 300||Qualcomm Adreno 320||No|
|GamePop||BlueStacks||TBA||Android 4.2||Unreleased specs||No||Subscription-based|
|GameStick||PlayJam||October 29, 2013||Android 4.2||Amlogic 8726-MX||ARM Cortex A9||Mali-400 MP GPU||No|
|MOJO||Mad Catz||December 10, 2013||Android 4.2.2||Tegra 4||1.8 GHz Quad-Core ARM Cortex-A15||Nvidia 72-Core||No|
|Nexus Player||Google & Asus||November 3, 2014||Android 5.0||1.8 GHz Quad-Core Intel Atom||Imagination PowerVR Series 6 Graphics 2D/3D Engine||No|
|FunBox||ZTE & The9||March 19, 2014||Android 4.3||Tegra 4||1.8 GHz Quad-Core ARM Cortex-A15||Nvidia 72-Core||No|
|Ouya||Ouya Inc. (formerly Boxer8)||June 25, 2013||Android 4.1||Tegra 3||1.7 GHz Quad-Core ARM Cortex-A9||Nvidia 12-Core 520 MHz||No||Discontinued
July 27, 2015
|PlayStation TV||Sony Computer Entertainment||November 14, 2013||PSVita OS||Quad-Core ARM Cortex-A9 MPCore||PowerVR SGX543MP4+||Yes, many physical Vita games are compatible||A home console version of PlayStation Vita|
|Pandora TV-Box||2013||Android 4.1.1||RK3066||1.6 GHz Dual-Core ARM Cortex-A9||Mali-400 MP4||No|
|Xtreamer Multi-Console||Unicorn Information Systems||January 2014||Android 4.2.2||RK3188||1.6 GHz Quad-Core ARM Cortex-A9||Mali-400 MP4||No|
|T2||TCL||April 9, 2014||Android 4.2.2||A31||Quad-Core ARM Cortex-A7||PowerVR SGX544 MP2||No|
|TIMEBOX||TIMEBOX||October 28, 2014||Android 4.4||Amlogic M802||1.6 GHz Quad-Core ARM Cortex-A9||Mali-450 MP GPU 600 MHz 8-Core||No|
|G-BOX||Geeya||November 15, 2014||Android 4.4||RK3288||1.6 GHz Quad-Core ARM Cortex-A17||Mali-T764||No|
|Forge TV||Razer||May 5, 2015||Android TV (Android 5.0-based)||Qualcomm Snapdragon 805||Quad-Core Krait 450 CPU - 2.5 GHz per core||Qualcomm Adreno 420 GPU||No|
|Shield Android TV||Nvidia||May 28, 2015||Android TV (Android 5.0-based)||Tegra X1||ARMv8 ARM Cortex-A57 quad-core + ARM Cortex-A53 quad-core (64-bit)||256-core Nvidia Maxwell-based GPU||No|
|Apple TV||Apple Inc.||October 26, 2015||tvOS (based on iOS 9.1)||Apple A8||ARMv8 64-bit Dual-Core Apple A8||PowerVR Series 6XT GX6450||No|
|Name||Manufacturer||Release date||OS||CPU||GPU||Physical Media support|
|Xperia Play||Sony Ericsson||April, 2011||Android 2.3||Qualcomm Snapdragon S2 @ 1 GHz||Adreno 205||No (Games downloadable from Google Play store or PlayStation Mobile)|
|Archos GamePad||Archos||December 6, 2012||Android 4.1||Rockchip Dual-core @ 1.6 GHz||Mali 400 quad-core||No (Games downloadable from Google Play store)|
|Archos GamePad 2||Archos||TBA||Android 4.2||Rockchip Quad-core @ 1.6 GHz||Mali 400 quad-core||No (Games downloadable from Google Play store)|
|JXD S7800||JXD||October 2013||Android 4.2||Amlogic MX Dual-core @ 1.5 GHz||Mali 400 quad-core||No (Games downloadable from proprietary store)|
|GCW Zero||Game Consoles Worldwide||March 2013||Linux||Ingenic JZ4770 @ 1 GHz||Vivante GC860||No (Games downloadable from software repository)|
|Neo Geo X||SNK Playmore||December 18, 2012||Linux||Ingenic JZ4770 @ 1 GHz||Vivante GC860||Yes, additional games were released in compilation packs|
|Shield Portable||Nvidia||July 31, 2013||Android 5.1||Tegra 4 Quad-core @ 1.9 GHz||Custom 72-core GeForce||No (Games downloadable from Google Play store or Nvidia GeForce Now)|
|Wikipad||Wikipad, Inc.||June 11, 2013||Android 4.1||Nvidia Tegra 3 Quad-core @ 1.4 GHz||Custom 12-core GeForce||No (Games downloadable from Google Play store)|
|Razer Edge Pro||Razer||April, 2013||Windows 8||Intel i7 Dual-core @ 1.9 GHz||Nvidia GT 640M LE||Yes, can run Windows PC games or games downloaded from Windows Store|
|Steam Machine||Valve Corporation||November 2015||SteamOS||Line of consoles to be developed by various vendors that meet minimum specifications for SteamOS.|
- List of video game consoles
- List of microconsoles
- "PS4 release date specs confirmed". Pcadvisor.co.uk. June 26, 2013. Retrieved June 30, 2013.
- "Microsoft Confirms Next-Gen Xbox Announcement". IGN. April 24, 2013. Retrieved April 24, 2013.
- Bass, Dina; King, Ian (November 30, 2012). "Microsoft Said to Plan Next Xbox for 2013 Holiday Season". Bloomberg. Retrieved December 1, 2012.
- "What is New Nintendo 3DS?". Nintendo of America. Retrieved February 13, 2015.
- Cull, James (June 20, 2011). "Nvidia Tegra: The Future of Android Gaming". appstorm.net.
- "Mobile Gaming is Dominating the Gaming Industry". Geekaphone. July 27, 2011.
- Alpeyev, Pavel (June 19, 2011). "Nintendo May Fail to Replicate Wii Success as IPhone Games Bloom". Bloomberg.com. Retrieved June 22, 2011.
- Gallagher, Dan (June 21, 2011). "Sony, Nintendo Place Big Bets on Handhelds". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on July 26, 2011. Retrieved June 22, 2011.
- Agnello, Anthony John (February 9, 2012). "Will Smart TVs End the Game Console Business?". InvestorPlace. Retrieved February 24, 2012.
- Stuart, Keith (January 4, 2013). "PlayStation 2 manufacture ends after 12 years". London: The Guardian. Retrieved January 4, 2013.
- App Annie, IDC. "App Annie & IDC Portable Gaming Report Q2 2013: iOS & Google Play Game Revenue 4x Higher Than Gaming-Optimized Handhelds".
- "Consolidated Sales Transition by Region" (PDF). Nintendo. July 30, 2013. Archived from the original on July 31, 2013. Retrieved July 31, 2013.
- "Apple Hardware Sales In FY 2012: 125.04M iPhones, 58.23M iPads, 18.1M Macs And 35.2M iPods". TechCrunch.
- Gorman, Michael (June 12, 2013). "AMD's Saeid Moshkelani on building custom silicon for PlayStation 4, Xbox One and Wii U". Engadget.
- "AMD won the next-gen console war, and PC gamers could reap the reward". The Verge.
- "Nvidia Interview: The Sky Isn't Falling". PC PowerPlay.
- "Nevermind PS4 or Xbox, Ouya is the real next-gen console, argues Astrogun — interview — Astrogun news". PocketGamer.biz. July 19, 2012. Retrieved June 30, 2013.
- Kubba, Sinan (May 9, 2013). "Sony, Microsoft going 'heavily' on free-to-play next-gen, says Epic VP Rein". Joystiq. Retrieved June 30, 2013.
- Langshaw, Mark; Reynolds, Matthew (January 13, 2013). "Can Android consoles Ouya, Project Shield challenge PlayStation, Xbox?". DigitalSpy.com. Retrieved March 7, 2013.
- Kelly, Tadhg (January 10, 2013). "With Ouya, GameStick, Steam Box and more, will 2013 be the year of the 'microconsole'?". Edge Online. Retrieved March 7, 2013.
- Pereira, Chris (January 15, 2013). "Digital and Nontraditional: Breaking Down Ouya, Steam Box, And Other New Wave Systems". 1up.com. Retrieved March 7, 2013.
- Radd, David. "Nintendo's Project Cafe: Will Gamers Feel The Buzz?". Business Insider. Retrieved June 11, 2011.
- Brightman, James (May 26, 2011). "PlayStation 4 in the Works, Sony Confirms". IndustryGamers Inc. Eurogamer Network Ltd. Archived from the original on October 30, 2012.
- Ewalt, David M. "PlayStation Chief Jack Tretton: How To Sell Vita, Navigate Clouds, and Debut The PS4". Forbes. Interview with Jack Tretton, president and CEO of Sony Computer Entertainment America.
- Brightman, James (March 7, 2011). "Microsoft Hiring Engineers for Next Xbox". IndustryGamers Inc. Eurogamer Network Ltd. Archived from the original on October 30, 2012.
- Yoon, Andrew. "Microsoft: Xbox 360 'about halfway' through generation". Shacknews.com. Retrieved November 19, 2012.
- Robinson, Martin (June 4, 2009). "E3 2009: 360 to Stick Around Until 2015 – Xbox360 News at IGN". Uk.xbox360.ign.com. Retrieved November 11, 2010. "The Xbox 360's recently unveiled motion control technology will help extend the console's life span into 2015, according to Microsoft executive Shane Kim."
- Yin-Poole, Wesley. "Nintendo: market is now waiting for new home consoles". Eurogamer. Retrieved January 27, 2012.
- Sherr, Ian; Wakabayashi, Daisuke (May 30, 2012). "Sony Rejects Web-Based PlayStation Console". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved May 31, 2012.
- 2014-04-30, It’s finally official: Xbox One to hit China in September, Tech in Asia
- "Ban on Video Game Consoles Tentatively Lifted in the Shanghai FTZ", China Briefing, Shanghai, April 22, 2014.
- 2010-07-15, Why Are Consoles Banned In China?, Kotaku
- 2014-05-26, ソニーが中国でプレステ販売へ、上海貿易試験区に合弁2社設立 (Sony to sell the PlayStation in China, establishes joint ventures with two companies in the Shanghai Free-trade Zone), Reuters Japan
- 2014-05-01, 上海自由貿易試験区、ゲーム機の製造・販売を正式に解禁 (中国) (The ban on production and sales of videogame consoles formally lifted in the Shanghai Free-trade Zone), Jetro
- "BesTV and Microsoft to bring Xbox One to China in September". Xbox Marketing, Microsoft. April 29, 2014. Retrieved May 13, 2014.
- 2014-05-26, Sony to sell PlayStation 4 console in China, CNET
- 2014-05-27, Sony Confirms PS4 is Heading to China, IGN
- 2013-09-12, Sony not planning to release PlayStation Vita TV in US or Europe 'at this point', Videogamer
- Ryan Fleming (November 16, 2010). "Nintendo to talk next-gen consoles after selling 15 million more Wii systems". digitaltrends.com. Retrieved June 8, 2011.
- "Official Press Release From Nintendo Details The Wii U And Gives Information on New Titles". Gameon.co.uk. Archived from the original on October 30, 2012. Retrieved November 19, 2012.
- Saenz, Aaron (June 7, 2011). "Nintendo's New Wii U Wows at E3, and Changes Gaming Forever…Again". singularityhub.com. Retrieved June 8, 2011.
- Dickinson, Derek. "Nindendo Wii 2, Project Cafe: the Milestone of Next Generation". brothersoft.com. Archived from the original on October 30, 2012. Retrieved June 8, 2011.
- Tassi, Paul (February 4, 2013). "EA CEO Doesn't Think Wii U is a 'Next Gen' Console". Forbes.com. Retrieved February 28, 2013.
- Leadbetter, Richard (February 5, 2013). "Wii U graphics power finally revealed". EuroGamer.net. Retrieved February 28, 2013.
- "Wii U technical specs". Nintendo of America. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
- Hussain, Tamoor (August 28, 2013). "Wii U price cut in North America, Wind Waker HD hardware bundle announced". Retrieved October 15, 2013.
- Bishop, Bryan (February 20, 2013). "Sony announces the PlayStation 4". The Verge. Retrieved February 20, 2013.
- Conditt, Jessica. "PS4 Eye has two cameras: One to watch you, one to make you pretty". Joystiq. Retrieved February 21, 2013.
- "Xbox One: a next-gen console with a focus on interactive TV and apps". The Verge. Retrieved May 25, 2013.
- "Xbox One guide brings HDMI in/out, overlays for live TV". Engadget. Retrieved May 25, 2013.
- "21 launch countries listed for Xbox One". Retrieved June 15, 2013.
- Makuch, Eddie (April 23, 2014). "box One hits Japan Sept. 4 -- Will it find success where Xbox 360 did not?". Gamespot. Retrieved April 23, 2014.
- "E3 2013: PlayStation 4 Launching for $399". IGN. Retrieved June 11, 2013.
- Crossley, Rob (April 23, 2014). "PS4 Price Slashed to £290 Following Xbox One Discount". Gamespot. Retrieved April 23, 2015.
- Jayne Murphy. PlayStation 4 now available from only €349.99/£299.99, playstation.com, October 21, 2015.
- Kumparak, Greg (January 15, 2015). "Xbox one Goes Back Down To $349". Computer and Video Games. Retrieved January 27, 2015.
- Poeter, Damon (April 13, 2015). "Microsoft Slashes Xbox One Price in U.K.". PC Magazine. Retrieved April 16, 2015.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 17, 2014. Retrieved October 21, 2014.
- "IR Information : Sales Data - Hardware and Software Sales Units". Nintendo Co., Ltd. April 27, 2016. Retrieved April 28, 2016.
- "Q4 FY2015 Consolidated Financial Results" (PDF). Sony. April 28, 2016.
- Abigail Elise (March 4, 2015). "PS4 vs. Xbox One: Sony Sells More Than 20.2 Million Consoles Worldwide". International Business Times.
- Mehdi, Yusuf. "November: Xbox One Sales on the Rise". Microsoft. Retrieved November 12, 2014.
- "Financial Results Briefing for Fiscal Year Ended March 2016 - Apr. 28, 2016". Nintendo Co., Ltd. April 28, 2016. Retrieved April 28, 2016.
- "PLAYSTATION®4 SALES SURPASS 40 MILLION UNITS WORLDWIDE". Sony Interactive Entertainment. May 26, 2016.
- Mehdi, Yusuf. "Thank You for an Epic 2013". Xbox Wire. Xbox Wire. Retrieved July 30, 2014.
- "IR Information : Sales Data - Top Selling Software Sales Units - Wii U Software". Nintendo Co., Ltd. April 27, 2016. Retrieved April 28, 2016.
- Spencer. September 13, 2012. 12:04am (September 13, 2012). "Wii U Has 2GB of Man Memory, Discs Are 25GB". Siliconera. Retrieved November 19, 2012.
- "Spec Analysis: PlayStation 4". Eurogamer.net. Retrieved July 7, 2013.
- Mudgal, Kartik (November 29, 2012). "Wii U CPU and GPU Clock Speeds revealed, slower than PS3/360". GamingBolt.com. Retrieved November 29, 2012.
- "The PS4, with a clock speed of 8 x 1.6 GHz (or 43X the PS2).2 + 2 doesn't…". Sony UK. Retrieved January 1, 2016 – via Google+.
- "AMD's Jaguar Architecture: The CPU Powering Xbox One, PlayStation 4, Kabini & Temash". Anandtech.com. Retrieved June 30, 2013.
- "PlayStation 4 iFixit Teardown". Retrieved November 22, 2013.
- Soper, Taylor. "Xbox One now in full production with improved CPU performance". GeekWire. Retrieved September 3, 2013.
- "The Xbox One: Hardware Analysis & Comparison to PlayStation 4". Eurogamer.net. Retrieved May 24, 2013.
- "AMD and Nintendo Join Forces in Creating A New Way to Enjoy Console Gaming Entertainment". Marketwire.com. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- "AMD Wii U GPU". TechPowerUp. Retrieved July 7, 2013.
- "AMD Liverpool GPU". TechPowerUp. Retrieved July 5, 2013.
- "MNR 486: Marc Whitten updates us on the progress of Xbox One". Xbox Live's Major Nelson. Retrieved August 2, 2013.
- Demerjian, Charlie. "XBox One details in pictures". SemiAccurate. Retrieved August 27, 2013.
- "Nintendo Wii U Teardown". AnandTech. Retrieved May 24, 2013.
- Wii U Tech Specs. IGN. Retrieved on January 25, 2014.
- Wii U's Memory Bandwidth, GPU More Powerful Than We Thought?
- "Xbox Hardware Evolution Chart". Retrieved May 23, 2013.
- "Interview With Xbox One's Chief Product Officer Marc Whitten". Retrieved May 23, 2013.
- Plunkett, Luke. "Specs Sheet Says The PS4 Has A 500GB Hard Drive, Camera Not Included". Retrieved June 11, 2013.
- Yoshida, Shuhei. "And yes, PS4's HDD is upgradable like PS3 <3". twitter.com. Retrieved June 11, 2013.
- Stevens, Tim (May 21, 2013). "Xbox One has non-replaceable hard drive, external storage is supported". Engadget.com. Retrieved June 30, 2013.
- "| Wii U Internal Storage Space Information". Nintendo.com. Retrieved November 19, 2012.
- Shuman, Sid (October 30, 2013). "PS4: The Ultimate FAQ – North America". PlayStation Blog. Retrieved October 31, 2013.
- Karmali, Luke. "Xbox One June Update Bringing External Storage and Real Names". IGN. IGN. Retrieved July 11, 2014.
- "PS4: The Ultimate FAQ – North America – PlayStation.Blog". Blog.us.playstation.com. Retrieved January 24, 2014.
- Gurry, Lisa (August 8, 2013). "Unboxing Xbox One". Xbox Wire. Retrieved January 24, 2014.
- Brown, Peter (September 19, 2013). "Microsoft on Xbox One vertical orientation: "Do it at your own risk"". GameSpot. Retrieved January 24, 2014.
- Hachman, Mark (May 6, 2014). "Study: Xbox One, PS4 consume ridiculous amounts of unnecessary power". PC World. Retrieved April 12, 2015.
- Olivarez-Giles, Nathan. "Future proofing: Xbox One to support 3D and 4K content". The Verge. Retrieved June 23, 2013.
- Navarro, Alex (July 7, 2011). "Nintendo Begrudgingly Acknowledges Wii U 3D Support". Giantbomb.com. Retrieved November 19, 2012.
- McWhertor, Michael (September 3, 2014). "PS4 Remote Play is coming to Sony Xperia Z3 phones and tablets this November". Polygon. Retrieved October 1, 2014.
- "Updated Sony Confirms Vita Remote Play For PS4 Games Is (Mostly) Mandatory - News". www.GameInformer.com. June 26, 2013. Retrieved June 30, 2013.
- Gilbert, Ben (June 13, 2013). "Sony's Shuhei Yoshida talks Remote Play ubiquity on PlayStation 4, not bundling the Eye with the console". Engadget.com. Retrieved June 30, 2013.
- Orland, Kyle (January 21, 2015). "Windows 10 includes in-home game streaming from Xbox One". Ars Technica. Retrieved January 22, 2015.
- "Xbox One iFixit Teardown". Retrieved November 22, 2013.
- Sakr, Sharif (May 21, 2013). "Xbox One hardware and specs: 8-core CPU, 8GB RAM, 500GB hard drive and more". Engadget.com. Retrieved June 30, 2013.
- "Wii U GameCube controller adapter compatible with more than just Smash Bros.". Eurogamer. Retrieved December 24, 2014.
- Vita as a PS4 Controller Clarified - IGN. Uk.ign.com. Retrieved on August 23, 2013.
- Jackson, Mike (May 21, 2013). "Next-gen Xbox Live details: Background downloads, skill tracking, 1000 friends". Computerandvideogames.com. Retrieved January 24, 2014.
- "PS4 online multiplayer gaming requires PlayStation Plus subscription". polygon.com. Polygon. Retrieved June 10, 2013.
- PS4 online multiplayer requirements, support.us.playstation.com, November 3, 2014.
- Xbox One Can Capture Up to 5 Minutes of Gameplay, PS4 Can Store Up to 15. Gengame (July 22, 2013). Retrieved on 2013-08-23.
- "Wii U Will Be Region-Locked – IGN". Uk.ign.com. September 24, 2012. Retrieved November 19, 2012.
- Smith, Mat (June 11, 2013). "The PS4 won't be region-locked". Engadget.com. Retrieved June 30, 2013.
- "Your Feedback Matters – Update on Xbox One". Xbox.com. June 19, 2013. Retrieved June 30, 2013.
- MacGregor, Alice (May 7, 2015). "Xbox One firmware update removes 'Region Lock' in China". The Stack. Retrieved November 25, 2015.
- Crecente, Brian (January 5, 2015). "PlayStation Now all-you-can-play subscriptions hit next week for $20 a month, $45 for three months". Polygon. Retrieved January 5, 2015.
- "Microsoft is bringing Xbox 360 games to the Xbox One". The Verge. June 15, 2015. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
- "Xbox One will play Xbox 360 games, preview members can try it today". Engadget. AOL Inc. June 15, 2015. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
- "Xbox 360 backward compatibility coming to Xbox One". Ars Technica. Conde Nast Digital. June 15, 2015. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
- "Smartphones and tablets to be gamer's primary screen in 2017". NintendoLife.
- "Launch of New Portable Game Machine" (PDF) (Press release). Minami-ku, Kyoto: Nintendo. March 23, 2010. Retrieved March 23, 2010.
- Tabuchi, Hiroko (March 23, 2010). "Nintendo to Make 3-D Version of Its DSi Handheld Game". Archived from the original on March 27, 2010. Retrieved April 24, 2010.
It takes place June 15~17, 2010, at the Los Angeles Convention Center.
- Tabuchi, Hiroko (March 23, 2010). "Nintendo to Make 3-D Version of Its DS Handheld Game". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved April 4, 2010.
'We wanted to give the gaming industry a head’s up about what to expect from Nintendo at E3,' said Ken Toyoda, chief spokesman at Nintendo. 'We'll invite people to play with the new device then.'
- Alexander, Leigh (January 15, 2010). "Analyst: DS Successor To Hit In Next 15 Months?". Gamasutra. Think Services. Retrieved April 4, 2010.
In the year 2010, Nintendo's continuing face-off against the PSP seems less relevant than the overall sea change in the portable market brought about by the explosive iPhone.
- "Nintendo 3DS vs. PS Vita: Handheld Wars, The Next Generation". IndustryGamers Inc. Eurogamer Network Ltd. September 16, 2011. Archived from the original on April 29, 2012. Retrieved November 1, 2011.
- "Nintendo's 3DS Hits the U.S. On March 27 for $249.99". Kotaku.
- "Nintendo's 3DS Hits Europe on March 25". Kotaku.
- "What Do You Think About Nintendo's Big 3DS Announcement?". IGN DS. IGN. July 28, 2011. Retrieved July 28, 2011.
In an astounding and unexpected set of announcements, Nintendo took a huge leap in righting the wrongs of the 3DS' shaky launch. The system, which released in the US on March 27 with a hefty $250-dollar price tag, will see a massive price cut to $170 come August 12.
- "Nintendo announces two New Nintendo 3DS systems coming this fall". Nintendo of America. August 31, 2015.
- "NGP becomes PlayStation Vita". Eurogamer. June 7, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
- "TGS: Sony Reveals Vita's Release Date – PSP News at IGN". Psp.ign.com. September 14, 2011. Retrieved September 14, 2011.
- "PlayStation Vita Launches From 22 February 2012 – PlayStation.Blog.Europe". PlayStation Blog. Sony. October 19, 2011. Retrieved October 19, 2011.
- "Get Ready: PS Vita is Coming February 22nd – PlayStation Blog". PlayStation Blog. Sony. October 18, 2011. Retrieved October 19, 2011.
- Cullen, Johnny (January 24, 2011). "Sony outs tech specs for NGP". VG247. Retrieved January 25, 2011.
- Vlad Savov (January 27, 2011). "Sony's next PSP, codenamed NGP". Engadget. AOL. Retrieved January 29, 2011.
- Sony (October 14, 2011). "Sony US FAQ". Sony. Retrieved October 19, 2011.
- Kat Bailey (October 14, 2011). "No PS One Classics". Gamepro. Archived from the original on December 1, 2011. Retrieved October 19, 2011.
- Martin Robinson (June 2, 2011). "NGP's backwards compatibility unveiled". Eurogamer. Retrieved June 2, 2011.
- Kaluszka, Aaron (January 19, 2011). "3DS North American Price, Date, Colors Set". Nintendo World Report.
- $250 3DS launching March 27 GameSpot
- Nick Vuckovic (February 8, 2011). "Nintendo 3DS launches in Australia on March 31st for $349". Vooks.net. Archived from the original on October 30, 2012. Retrieved February 8, 2011.
- "11 October 2011. Retrieved 22 August 2013". Au.playstation.com. Retrieved January 24, 2014.
- Bob Munir (June 6, 2011). "E3: Sony's PlayStation Vita due end of 2011 for $249". destructoid.com. Retrieved June 8, 2011.
- "3DS price cut 40% in Japan, now $169.99 in the U.S. – Video Games Reviews, Cheats". Geek.com. July 28, 2011. Retrieved August 4, 2011.
- "An exciting message for people who own a Nintendo 3DS and those who want to". Nintendo.com. Retrieved August 4, 2011.
- Reilly, Luke (August 20, 2013). "IGN. 2013-08-20. Retrieved 2013-08-22". Ign.com. Retrieved January 24, 2014.
- Lester, Jonathan. "Dealspwn. 21 August 2013. Retrieved 22 August 2013". Dealspwn.com. Retrieved January 24, 2014.
- Stuart, Keith (January 4, 2013). "PlayStation 2 manufacture ends after 12 years". The Guardian. Retrieved January 11, 2014.
- "IR Information : Sales Data - Top Selling Software Sales Units - Nintendo 3DS Software". Nintendo Co., Ltd. April 27, 2016. Retrieved April 28, 2016.
- "Official PlayStation website: PlayStation Vita, PS Vita - Specifications for PlayStation®Vita". Retrieved March 7, 2011.
- "Nintendo 3DS Hardware Specs". Nintendo of America. Archived from the original on January 18, 2013. Retrieved January 1, 2016.
- "Sony outs tech specs for NGP". VG247. January 27, 2011. Retrieved August 4, 2011.
- ""PlayStation®Vita" Expands Its Entertainment Experience by Introducing Various Applications for Social Networking Services and Communications". SYS-CON Media. August 17, 2011.
- "Nintendo 3DS can accept 128GB SDXC cards". Nintendo Everything. August 28, 2012.
- Cullen, Johnny (January 24, 2011). "Sony outs tech specs for NGP". VG247. Retrieved January 25, 2011.
- McFerran, Damien (October 12, 2013). "Nintendo 2DS review". Eurogamer. Retrieved October 26, 2013.
- Lowe, Scott (December 22, 2011). "How Good is the PS Vita's Battery Life?". IGN. Retrieved September 29, 2012.
- "Sony PS Vita Slim review - Pocket-lint". Retrieved August 19, 2014.
- Nintendo 3DS features Game Coins system aussie-nintendo
- DS games on 3DS – a few more details GoNintendo
- "Nintendo 3DS Region Locked – IGN". Uk.ign.com. January 11, 2011. Retrieved November 19, 2012.
- Pereira, Chris. "Vita is Not Region Locked, Says Sony Exec". 1up.com. Retrieved November 19, 2012.
- "ZTE FunBox SPECS & MANUALS". Video Game Console Library. Retrieved June 1, 2015.
- "中兴九城主机FunBox将发布". NetEase Inc. March 19, 2014. Retrieved June 1, 2015.
- "Razer Acquires OUYA Software Assets | Razer™ | For Gamers. By Gamers.™". www.razerzone.com. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on December 13, 2014. Retrieved January 3, 2015.
- "TCL游戏机今日开卖 售价699率先抢占国内市场". GamerSky.com. April 9, 2014. Retrieved June 1, 2015.
- "史上游戏最多的盒子「TIMEBOX」28日开售". Timebox.cn. October 24, 2014. Retrieved November 27, 2014.
- "TIMEBOX". Timebox.cn. Retrieved November 27, 2014.
- "金亚双系统电视游戏微主机G-BOX 耀世发布(图)". sohu.com. November 14, 2014. Retrieved November 28, 2014.
- "GEEYA / Jinya GBOX dual system console 3D game console wireless controller Micro Smart TV host". Geeya.cn. Retrieved November 27, 2014.
- "RAZER FORGE TV SPECIFICATIONS". Razer Inc. Retrieved April 7, 2015.
- "Shield The World's First Android TV Console". Nvidia Corp. Retrieved April 7, 2015.