City of Hitchcock, Texas
Location in the state of Texas
|Incorporated||January 30, 1960|
|• Mayor||Randy Stricklind|
|• Total||91.48 sq mi (236.94 km2)|
|• Land||60.43 sq mi (156.51 km2)|
|• Water||31.05 sq mi (80.43 km2)|
|Elevation||16 ft (4.9 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||130.96/sq mi (50.56/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1359310|
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Hitchcock was created as a station of the railroad between Galveston and Houston in 1873 and around the turn of the 20th century became a vegetable shipping center. The settlement's economy crashed in the 1930s after insect plagues in the surrounding areas, and the area stayed impoverished until the establishment of the Camp Wallace anti-aircraft training base and the Naval Air Station Hitchcock at the beginning of World War II. After the end of the war, the bases were used as discharge centers, and some former soldiers settled in the area. Hitchcock was established in 1960 as the area's population boomed, topping out at nearly 7,000 by the end of the 1960s. Today, the town serves as a suburb of Galveston and houses workers from the Johnson Space Center.
Since 1984, Hitchcock has been home to the Galveston County Fair & Rodeo. The Galveston County Fair & Rodeo began in 1938 and was held at facilities in Runge Park in Arcadia. In the early 1980s, the County Fair had reached its limits of growth at Runge Park, and plans began for a move to Jack Brooks Park in Hitchcock. The move to Jack Brooks Park was completed in time for the 1984 fair.
Hitchcock is located at (29.338715, -95.010861).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 92.1 square miles (238.5 km2), of which 60.5 square miles (156.6 km2) is land and 31.6 square miles (81.9 km2), or 34.35%, is water.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 6,386 people, 2,434 households, and 1,737 families residing in the city. The population density was 96.1 people per square mile (37.1/km2). There were 2,754 housing units at an average density of 41.4 per square mile (16.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 59.96% White, 32.81% African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 4.76% from other races, and 2.00% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.73% of the population.
There were 2,434 households, out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.7% were married couples living together, 17.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.6% were non-families. 25.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62 and the average family size was 3.14.
In the city, the population was spread out, with 27.7% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 27.2% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.3 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $29,848, and the median income for a family was $35,013. Males had a median income of $31,098 versus $22,340 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,964. About 16.3% of families and 19.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.3% of those under age 18 and 15.8% of those age 65 or over.
Government and infrastructure
Primary and secondary schools
Most of the city of Hitchcock is served by the Hitchcock Independent School District.
Colleges and universities
The Genevieve Miller Hitchcock Public Library was established in 2015.
Parks and recreation
Each year Juneteenth is celebrated in the Stringfellow Orchards, a9.5-acre (3.8 ha) complex previously owned by a slave owner. The Texas Historical Commission enacted a historical marker in 1992. In 2004, the site had not been previously maintained, but John Collins discovered the site in 2004 and, with his wife Doris, later purchased it. As of 2007[update] the Collinses remain the owners.
- Taurian Fontenette (born 1983), famous streetball player whose nicknames include "The Air Up There" and "Mr. 720"
- Michael Sam, Free Agent defensive end, first openly gay NFL player
- Randy Hymes, former NFL player who played for Baltimore Ravens, Jacksonville Jaguars, and Minnesota Vikings
- David M. Medina, former Texas Supreme Court and General Counsel to Governor Rick Perry
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Hitchcock city, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 6, 2012.
- Powell, Nick (2020-02-26). "Harvey almost stamped out Hitchcock. The city's desperate plea for help turned things around". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 2020-03-21.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Hitchcock city, Texas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 6, 2012.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Post Office Location - LA MARQUE." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
- "SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP (2010 CENSUS): Galveston County, TX." U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved on May 21, 2018.
- Texas Education Code, Section 130.174, "College of the Mainland District Service Area".
- Home. Genevieve Miller Hitchcock Public Library. Retrieved on May 2, 2017.
- Kilday, Anne Marie (2007-06-17). "Juneteenth celebrated at historic Hitchcock home". Houston Chronicle. Retrieved 2020-03-21.