Hitchcock County, Nebraska

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Hitchcock County
Hitchcock County courthouse in Trenton
Hitchcock County courthouse in Trenton
Map of Nebraska highlighting Hitchcock County
Location within the U.S. state of Nebraska
Map of the United States highlighting Nebraska
Nebraska's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 40°11′N 101°02′W / 40.18°N 101.04°W / 40.18; -101.04
Country United States
State Nebraska
Founded1873
Named forPhineas Hitchcock
SeatTrenton
Largest villageCulbertson
Area
 • Total718 sq mi (1,860 km2)
 • Land710 sq mi (1,800 km2)
 • Water8.5 sq mi (22 km2)  1.2%%
Population
 • Estimate 
(2017)
2,834
 • Density4.0/sq mi (1.5/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district3rd
Websitewww.hitchcockcounty.ne.gov

Hitchcock County is a county in the U.S. state of Nebraska. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 2,908.[1] Its county seat is Trenton.[2]

In the Nebraska license plate system, Hitchcock County is represented by the prefix 67 (it had the sixty-seventh-largest number of vehicles registered in the county when the license plate system was established in 1922).

History[edit]

Hitchcock County was formed in 1873.[3] It was named for US Senator Phineas Warren Hitchcock.[4]

The Massacre Canyon battle between Sioux and Pawnee took place on August 5, 1873 at a spot three miles East of Trenton.

Geography[edit]

The terrain of Hitchcock County consists of rolling low hills. The flattened hilltops are used for agriculture; mostly dry farming with some center pivot irrigation. The Republican River flows eastward through the central part of the county. The county has a total area of 718 square miles (1,860 km2), of which 710 square miles (1,800 km2) is land and 8.5 square miles (22 km2) (1.2%) is water.[5]

The eastern two-thirds of the state of Nebraska observes Central Time; the western portion of the state observes Mountain Time. Hitchcock County is the westernmost county to observe Central Time.[6]

Lakes[edit]

  • Swanson Lake: formed by a dam on the Republican River, between Stratton and Trenton.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18801,012
18905,799473.0%
19004,409−24.0%
19105,41522.8%
19206,04511.6%
19307,26920.2%
19406,404−11.9%
19505,867−8.4%
19604,829−17.7%
19704,051−16.1%
19804,0790.7%
19903,750−8.1%
20003,111−17.0%
20102,908−6.5%
Est. 20172,834[7]−2.5%
US Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[1]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[12] there were 3,111 people, 1,287 households, and 899 families in the county. The population density was 4 people per square mile (2/km²). There were 1,675 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.36% White, 0.10% Black or African American, 0.29% Native American, 0.13% Asian, 0.29% from other races, and 0.84% from two or more races. 1.41% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,287 households out of which 28.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.10% were married couples living together, 6.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.10% were non-families. 27.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.89.

The county population contained 23.80% under the age of 18, 5.90% from 18 to 24, 22.60% from 25 to 44, 25.40% from 45 to 64, and 22.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 95.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $28,287, and the median income for a family was $34,490. Males had a median income of $25,833 versus $18,879 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,804. About 10.90% of families and 14.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.90% of those under age 18 and 8.40% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Former communities[edit]

Politics[edit]

Hitchcock County is strongly Republican in presidential elections. Since 1900, the county has failed to back the Republican candidate in only five presidential elections, most recently in 1936 in the midst of Franklin D. Roosevelt's national landslide victory.

Presidential election results
Presidential Elections Results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 83.9% 1,232 11.0% 161 5.1% 75
2012 78.8% 1,178 18.3% 274 2.9% 43
2008 72.6% 1,001 25.1% 346 2.3% 32
2004 78.8% 1,171 19.9% 296 1.3% 19
2000 76.1% 1,126 21.1% 312 2.8% 42
1996 62.3% 977 26.1% 409 11.7% 183
1992 47.6% 824 20.7% 359 31.7% 548
1988 69.5% 1,132 29.5% 480 1.1% 18
1984 80.0% 1,391 19.6% 341 0.4% 7
1980 75.1% 1,474 16.8% 329 8.2% 160
1976 51.9% 898 45.4% 786 2.8% 48
1972 78.6% 1,339 21.4% 364
1968 66.9% 1,173 22.1% 387 11.0% 193
1964 54.8% 1,149 45.2% 946
1960 70.7% 1,634 29.3% 678
1956 67.9% 1,570 32.1% 741
1952 75.0% 2,008 25.0% 669
1948 56.7% 1,208 43.3% 923
1944 64.0% 1,556 36.1% 877
1940 58.3% 1,663 41.7% 1,188
1936 42.2% 1,285 57.1% 1,738 0.7% 22
1932 39.2% 1,168 59.4% 1,772 1.4% 43
1928 73.7% 2,022 25.5% 698 0.8% 23
1924 45.8% 987 29.4% 633 24.8% 535
1920 61.6% 1,127 33.6% 615 4.8% 88
1916 36.2% 435 60.9% 733 2.9% 35
1912 12.1% 128 44.6% 471 43.3% 458
1908 48.8% 633 48.8% 632 2.4% 31
1904 61.1% 598 17.0% 166 22.0% 215
1900 45.4% 450 53.2% 528 1.4% 14

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved September 20, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 31 May 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2011.
  3. ^ Burr, George L. (1921). History of Hamilton and Clay Counties, Nebraska, Vol. 1. S.J. Clarke Pub. Co. p. 118.
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 157.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
  6. ^ Map of Central/Mountain Time Zone Divison Line (accessed 22 January 2019)
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 21 January 2019.
  8. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. Retrieved December 8, 2014.
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Retrieved 31 January 2008.
  13. ^ Cornell (Hitchcock County) NE
  14. ^ Cornell Church Google Maps (accessed 22 January 2019)
  15. ^ Election Results

External links[edit]

Official website

Coordinates: 40°11′N 101°02′W / 40.18°N 101.04°W / 40.18; -101.04