Adolf Hitler's possible monorchism
Adolf Hitler's possible monorchism (the condition of only having one testicle) has been a fringe subject among historians and academics researching the German leader. The rumour is considered either a plausible fact or an urban myth. The British military song "Hitler Has Only Got One Ball" may have been the origin of the story. Nevertheless research, eyewitness testimony and historical study have not been able to prove or disprove the rumor.
World War I medical records
In November 2008, the discovery of an eye-witness account on how Hitler was treated after being shot on the Western Front during World War I was announced in the press. According to these reports, a former German Army Medic named Johan Jambor gave an account to a Polish priest and amateur historian, Franciszek Pawlar, in the 1960s, of how he saved Hitler's life in 1916 after a groin injury and saw that he had lost a testicle. Pawlar's record of the conversation was discovered by Pawlar's relatives and published by Polish author Grzegorz Wawoczny. According to the German tabloid Bild, a surviving friend of Jambor's, Blassius Hanczuch, has confirmed Jambor's story, adding that Jambor and his co-rescuers dubbed Hitler "screamer" (Schreihals) because, as they were carrying him away, they came under French fire and had to temporarily abandon him, upon which he began to scream very loudly, imploring them to come back and threatening them with court martial if they left him behind.
Military records show that Hitler was wounded in 1916 during the Battle of the Somme, which has been described as a wound to the groin or in the left thigh when a shell exploded in the dispatch runners' dugout. Other more recent historians, such as Ian Kershaw, conclude the wound was to Hitler's left thigh.
In 1970, the Soviet autopsy on Hitler's remains was released. This document, which was allegedly compiled shortly after the conclusion of World War II on the basis of examination of the remains claimed to be those of the Führer, stated he was monorchid. It stated:
- "The autopsy performed by the Red Army pathologists on Hitler's body... [produced clear] findings:
- The left testicle could not be found either in the scrotum or on the spermatic cord inside the inguinal canal, or in the small pelvis[...]"
- Since the matter is of considerable importance to the psychological development of Hitler from infancy onward, let us pause here and come to grips with the problem of the Fuehrer's testicles. It can now be affirmed that the British Tommies were right all along in the first line of their version of the Colonel Bogey March, they were although manifestly mistaken in the last—that is to say, unless Goebbels' six children were the progeny of adoption, paternal surrogacy or some hitherto unconsidered, presumably unpalatable "Gott mit uns" form of divine intervention.
However as the release occurred at the height of the Cold War, its conclusions have been questioned in terms of propaganda. For instance journalist Ron Rosenbaum argues in his book Explaining Hitler: The Search for the Origins of His Evil that the Soviet autopsy of Hitler cannot be accepted as authoritative because the Führer's body was said to have been almost completely immolated after his suicide inside the Führerbunker. There was not enough sufficient remains for any proper analysis or findings to be conducted. Rosenbaum says that based on information from Hitler's own doctor and recantations by the compilers of the published form of the report, the Soviet autopsy report was a fabrication. According to noted historian Ian Kershaw, the corpses of Eva Braun and Hitler were fully burned when the Red Army found them, and only a lower jaw with dental work could be identified as Hitler's remains.
An interview with the Soviet doctor, Lt. Col. Faust Shkaravski, who led Hitler's autopsy is in the extras section on the DVD of the 1970s ground breaking documentary The World At War. Shkaravski claims that those performing the autopsy unexpectedly found one testicle missing. The programme presents dental evidence showing an autopsy really was conducted; but as the interview was conducted in the 1970s, it also demonstrates how the findings were distorted for political reasons as Shkaravski states Hitler was categorically not shot in the head. However since the making of the series, more evidence has been found showing that Hitler shot himself in the right temple and that different versions of Hitler's fate were presented by the Soviet Union according to its political desires.
During World War II, the song "Hitler Has Only Got One Ball" was popular among British citizens. British author Donough O'Brien says his father, Toby O'Brien, wrote an original set of lyrics in August 1939 as part of the country's official program of propaganda. This has led to the suspicion that the source of this myth stems from the British song, usually put to the tune of the Colonel Bogey March.
Before finding success with Violent Femmes in the 1980s, band members Brian Ritchie and Victor DeLorenzo were members of a group called "Hitler's Missing Testis". During the 1980s, the Brisbane anarcho-punk scene included the band "Hitler's Other Testicle". They regularly played songs on the subject of Hitler's possible monorchism, including "Where Did It Go?" and "The Sadness of Autumn".
- “The Psychopathic God: Adolf Hitler” by Robert G.L. Waite, Basic Books, N.Y.C., 1977, pp. 150-152
- German Medic's Account Confirms Hitler Had Only One Testicle Fox News 19 November 2008
- "Wie Hitler seinen Hoden verlor", Bild, 19 November 2008 (German); "Weil er von der peinlichen Hodenverletzung wusste: Hitlers Lebensretter lebte Jahrzehnte in Angst", Bild, 19 November 2008 (German) "Sein Unterleib und seine Beine waren voller Blut. Hitler war am Unterleib verletzt und hatte einen Hoden verloren. Seine erste Frage an den Arzt war: 'Kann ich noch Kinder zeugen?" - "His abdomen and legs were covered in blood. Hitler was wounded in the abdomen and had lost a testicle. His first question to the doctor was: 'Can I still father children?'"
- Kershaw 2008, p. 57.
- "The Psychopathic God: Adolf Hitler - Robert G. L. Waite - Google Books". Books.google.com. Retrieved 2014-06-25.
- Waite, Robert G.L. (1993). The psychopathic god : Adolf Hitler (Da Capo Press paperback ed., Unabr. republication of the ed. first publ. in New York, Basic Books, in 1977 / with the add. of a new foreword by the author and some emendations ed.). New York: Da Capo Press. pp. 150–152. ISBN 978-0306805141.
- Kershaw, Ian (2008). Hitler: A Biography, p. 958.
- Eberle, Henrik & Uhl Matthias (2005). The Hitler Book: The Secret Dossier Prepared for Stalin from the Interrogations of Hitler's Personal Aides, p. 288.
- Kershaw, Ian (2008). Hitler: A Biography, p. 955.
- Donough O'Brien, Fringe Facts, 2000, archived at the Wayback Machine, 14 March 2001.
- Rozen, Leah. "No, the Violent Femmes Aren't Lady Wrestlers, but They've Got Young Rock Fans in Their Grip". People.com. Retrieved 2013-07-10.