Hjalmar Söderberg in 1907
|Born||Hjalmar Emil Fredrik Söderberg|
2 July 1869
|Died||14 October 1941 (aged 72)|
Hjalmar Emil Fredrik Söderberg (2 July 1869 – 14 October 1941) was a Swedish novelist, playwright, poet and journalist. His works often deal with melancholy and lovelorn characters, and offer a rich portrayal of contemporary Stockholm through the eyes of the flaneur. Söderberg is greatly appreciated in his native country, and is sometimes considered to be the equal of August Strindberg.[according to whom?]
Born in Stockholm, Söderberg began his literary course at the Swedish news daily Svenska Dagbladet, age 20. Six years later his first novel was released, Förvillelser (Delusions, 1895), written from the viewpoint of a young dandy aimlessly idling in the capital, recklessly squandering money and love. The somber yet reflective and insightful story would prove typical of much of Söderberg's output. Subsequent to the release of Historietter (Anecdotes, 1898), a collection of twenty short stories, his next major work – Martin Bircks Ungdom (Martin Birck's Youth, 1901) – was released. Much like Förvillelser in terms of its vivid environmental depiction and acute perception, it follows the development of a young amateur poet. Söderberg's next novel, by some considered his masterpiece, was Doktor Glas (Doctor Glas, 1905). In a frightful tale of vengeance and passion, Söderberg stays true to his detached yet emotionally poignant writing style.
In his later years, Söderberg turned to journalism and theological studies. He was a fierce critic of Nazism, and wrote often on the subject in the revered Resistance paper Göteborgs Handels- och Sjöfartstidning. He died in Denmark and is buried on Vestre Kirkegård in Copenhagen.
Söderberg was married to Märta Abenius (b. 1871, d. 1932) between the years 1899–1917. They had three children: actress Dora Söderberg-Carlsten (b. 1899), Tom Söderberg (b. 1900) and Mikael Söderberg (b. 1903). From 1917 he was married in Denmark to Emelie Voss (b. 1876, d. 1957), with whom he had one child: actress Betty Søderberg (b. 1910).
Söderberg had for a number of years a stormy on / off relationship with Maria von Platen (b. 1871, d.1959), a relationship which is said to have influenced him in his writing, especially his 1906 play Gertrud, and for the character of Lydia in The Serious Game.
A recent reissue of Paul Britten Austin's translation of Doktor Glas into English, as Doctor Glas, and with a perceptive introduction by Margaret Atwood, has meant a rise in his popularity in the Anglo-Saxon literary world.
- "I believe in the lust of the flesh and the incurable isolation of the soul." (From Doctor Glas, later used in Gertrud)
- "One wants to be loved, in lack thereof admired, in lack thereof feared, in lack thereof loathed and despised. One wants to instill some sort of emotion in people. The soul trembles before emptiness and desires contact at any price." (From Doctor Glas)
List of works
- Förvillelser (1895) – "Delusions"
- Historietter (1898) – "Short Stories"
- Martin Bircks ungdom (1901) – "Martin Birck's Youth"
- Främlingarne (1903) – "The Strangers"
- Doktor Glas (1905) – "Doctor Glas"
- Gertrud (1906) (play in three acts)
- Det mörknar över vägen (1907) – "It Is Darkening Over The Road"
- Valda sidor (1908) – "Taken Sides"
- Hjärtats oro (1909) – "Worry of the Heart"
- Den allvarsamma leken (1912) – "The Serious Game"
- Aftonstjärnan (1912) – "The Evening Star" (play in one act)
- Den talangfulla draken (1913) – "The Talented Dragon"
- Jahves eld (1918) – "The Fire of Jahve"
- Ödestimmen (1922) – "The Hour of Destiny" (play in three acts)
- Jesus Barabbas. Ur löjtnant Jägerstams memoarer (1928)
- Resan till Rom (1929) – "Trip to Rome"
- Den förvandlade Messias (1932) – "The Changed/Transformed Messiah"
Works in English
- Modern Swedish masterpieces, (1923) translated by Charles Wharton Stork.
- Martin Birck's Youth, (1930) translated by Charles Wharton Stork.
- Selected Short Stories, (1935) translated by Charles Wharton Stork.
- Doctor Glas, (1963) translated by Paul Britten Austin. In 2002, the latest edition was published by Anchor Books with an introduction by Canadian author Margaret Atwood.
- Short Stories, (1987) translated by Carl Lofmark.
- The Serious Game, (2001) translated by Eva Claeson.
- Martin Birck's Youth, (2004) translated by Tom Ellett.
- Diversions, (2014) translated by David Barrett.
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