Hnivan

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Hnivan
Гнівань
Gnivan
City
St. Joseph Cathedral in Hnivan
St. Joseph Cathedral in Hnivan
Coat of arms of Hnivan
Coat of arms
Country  Ukraine
Oblast Vinnytsia Oblast
Raion Tyvriv Raion
Population (2015)
 • Total 12,570[1]
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)

Hnivan (Ukrainian: Гнівань, Russian: Гнивань) is a town in Tyvriv Raion, Vinnytsia Oblast, Ukraine. Population: 12,570 (2015 est.)[1]

Histoire[edit]

There were 360 Jews living in the city before World War II, 11% of the total population. The city was under German occupation from 1941 to 1944.

Shortly after the start of the occupation, a group of Jewish men of Hnivan was shot in a military field. The rest of the Jews living in Hnivan were registered and forced to perform various kinds of hard labor. In the summer of 1942, about 90 Jews were murdered together with the Jews from neighbor villages in the same place. Today, the place of the shooting is on the grounds of a military base.[2]

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Coordinates: 49°5′28″N 28°20′55″E / 49.09111°N 28.34861°E / 49.09111; 28.34861