Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum
Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum from the front.JPG
LocationHanoi, Vietnam
Height21.6 meters (70.9 feet)
Built1973–75
Built forHo Chi Minh

The Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum (Vietnamese: Lăng Chủ tịch Hồ Chí Minh) is a mausoleum which serves as the resting place of Vietnamese Revolutionary leader Ho Chi Minh in Hanoi, Vietnam.[1][2] It is a large building located in the center of Ba Dinh Square, where Ho, President of the Communist Party of Vietnam from 1951 until his death in 1969, read the Declaration of Independence on 2 September 1945, establishing the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. It is also known as Ba Đình Mausoleum (Vietnamese: Lăng Ba Đình) and is open to the public.[3]

Building[edit]

Visitors lining up

Construction work began on September 2, 1973, and the mausoleum was formally inaugurated on August 29, 1975.[4] It was inspired by Lenin's Mausoleum in Moscow but incorporates distinct Vietnamese architectural elements, such as the sloping roof. The exterior is made of grey granite, while the interior is grey, black and red polished stone. The mausoleum's portico has the words "Chủ tịch Hồ Chí Minh" (Chairman Ho Chi Minh) inscribed across it. The banner beside says "Nước Cộng Hòa Xã Hội Chủ Nghĩa Việt Nam Muôn Năm" (en: "Long live The Socialist Republic of Viet Nam").

The structure is 21.6 meters (70.9 feet) high and 41.2 meters (135.2 feet) wide. Flanking the mausoleum are two platforms with seven steps for parade viewing. The plaza in front of the mausoleum is divided into 240 green squares separated by pathways. The gardens surrounding the mausoleum have nearly 250 different species of plants and flowers, all from different regions of Vietnam.

The embalmed body of Ho Chi Minh is preserved in the cooled, central hall of the mausoleum, which is protected by a military honour guard. The body lies in a glass case with dim lights. The mausoleum is generally open to the public every day.

In 2012, a CNN travel writer listed the Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum among ten of "the world's ugliest buildings".[5]

See also[edit]

Changing of the guards at the mausoleum
Map

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum". Atlas Obscura. Retrieved 2019-01-11.
  2. ^ "How to see Ho Chi Minh's mausoleum in Vietnam". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2019-01-11.
  3. ^ "Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum". www.vietnamonline.com. Retrieved 2019-01-11.
  4. ^ "Ho Chi Minh's Mausoleum | Hanoi, Vietnam Attractions". www.lonelyplanet.com. Retrieved 2019-01-11.
  5. ^ Duncan Forgan (2012-01-04). "10 of the world's ugliest buildings". CNN Go. CNN. p. 2. Archived from the original on 2012-03-04.

Coordinates: 21°2′12″N 105°50′5″E / 21.03667°N 105.83472°E / 21.03667; 105.83472