Hobart Rivulet

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Hobart
Rivulet
Strickland Falls Shadows Lifted.jpg
Strickland Falls on the upper Hobart Rivulet
Country Australia
State Tasmania
Region South East
Part of Derwent catchment
Source kunanyi / Mount Wellington
 - elevation 566 m (1,857 ft)
 - coordinates 42°54′26″S 147°14′49″E / 42.90722°S 147.24694°E / -42.90722; 147.24694
Mouth Urban stream flowing into the River Derwent
 - location Hobart
 - elevation 22 m (72 ft)
 - coordinates 42°52′38″S 147°20′22″E / 42.87722°S 147.33944°E / -42.87722; 147.33944Coordinates: 42°52′38″S 147°20′22″E / 42.87722°S 147.33944°E / -42.87722; 147.33944
Length 7 km (4 mi)
Falls O'Grady's; Strickland
Location of the river mouth in Tasmania
[1]

The Hobart Rivulet, part of the River Derwent catchment, is an urban stream located in the Hobart hinterland and flows through and underneath the city, in Tasmania, Australia.

Course and features[edit]

Underneath Hobart on the lower rivulet

The rivulet rises on the slopes of kunanyi / Mount Wellington and flows generally northeast over O'Grady's Falls, Strickland Falls, through South Hobart and past what was known as the World Heritage-listed Cascades Female Factory towards the Hobart central business district. As a result of urban development, the natural course has been altered significantly. The lower portion of the rivulet has been piped through the city and runs below the central city area. The rivulet emerges again near the Royal Hobart Hospital on Collins Street before flowing underneath the Cenotaph and emptying into the Derwent.[2][3] The rivulet descends 544 metres (1,785 ft) over its 7.3-kilometre (4.5 mi) course.[1]

Regular tours of the rivulet take place under the CBD.[4] The sandstone Wellington Bridge (1841) over the rivulet lies under the Elizabeth Street Mall, and is visible through a viewing portal there.[5][2][6]

History[edit]

The rivulet was an important source of drinking water for the Mouheneener Aborigines, and later for the first European settlers.[7] The site for Hobart was originally chosen in part due to the availability of fresh water from the rivulet.[7] Because of the pure water of the upper portion of the rivulet, the Cascade Brewery was built beside it.[8] There were several typhoid epidemics during the late 19th century due to poor water quality further downstream.[7] It was also an important source of energy for early industry in Hobart.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Map of Hobart Rivulet, TAS". Bonzle Digital Atlas of Australia. 2015. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Raabus, Carol; Saunders, Louise (11 October 2013). "Time to reveal Hobart's hidden rivulet". ABC News. Australia, Hobart. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  3. ^ "Hobart Rivulet". Visit. Tasmanian Government. February 2004. 
  4. ^ AboutAustralia.com.au - Hobart Rivulet Tours
  5. ^ "Engineering Heritage Walk leaflet". Engineers Australia. 
  6. ^ further item on ABC http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-08-01/going-underground-in-the-hobart-rivulet/7676134?section=tas
  7. ^ a b c d The Companion to Tasmanian History - Hobart Rivulet
  8. ^ Vaisutis, Justine; Blond, Becca; Brown, Lindsay (2007). Australia. Lonely Planet. p. 620. ISBN 1-74104-310-7.