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A hobli, nad or mágani is defined as a cluster of adjoining villages administered together for tax and land tenure purposes in the states of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh, India.[1][2] This clustering of villages was formed mainly to streamline the collection of taxes and maintenance of land records by the revenue department of the state.[3][4] Each hobli consists of several villages and several hoblis together form a taluk. Hobli are further subdivided into revenue-circles or revenue blocks known as firka or phut mágani.[2][5]


  1. ^ Mandelbaum, David Goodman (1970). Society in India: Change and continuity. 2. Berkeley, California: University of California Press. p. 385, note 3. ISBN 978-0-520-01634-7. 
  2. ^ a b Rice, Benjamin Lewis (1897). Mysore: Mysore, by districts. Mysore: A Gazetteer Compiled for Government, volume 2 (revised ed.). Westminster, England: A. Constable. p. 555. OCLC 5035047. 
  3. ^ Grover, Verinder; Arora, Ranjana, eds. (1996). Encyclopaedia of India and her states: Indian federalism and centre-state relations. 3. New Delhi: Deep & Deep. p. 340. ISBN 978-81-7100-722-6. 
  4. ^ Kulkarni, Krishnarao Ramrao (1962). Theory and practice of co-operation in India and abroad. 3. Bombay: Co-operators' Book Depot. p. 274. OCLC 13909924. 
  5. ^ (Rice 1897, p. 548)