Hoboken–World Trade Center
|Hoboken–World Trade Center PATH|
Hoboken-bound train at the World Trade Center PATH station. (2005)
|System||Port Authority Trans Hudson|
|Locale||Hudson County, New Jersey and Manhattan, New York|
|Termini||World Trade Center (south)
|Owner||Port Authority of New York and New Jersey|
|Operator(s)||Port Authority Trans-Hudson|
|Line length||3 miles (4.8 km)|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
The Hoboken–World Trade Center is a rapid transit service operated by the Port Authority Trans-Hudson (PATH). It is colored green on the PATH service map and trains on this service display green marker lights. This service operates from the Hoboken Terminal in Hoboken, New Jersey, by way of the Downtown Hudson Tubes to the World Trade Center in Lower Manhattan, New York. The 3-mile (4.8 km) trip takes 11 minutes to complete, and is the shortest route in the PATH system.
This service operates from 6:00 to 23:00 (11:00 PM) on weekdays, and does not operate during the late-night hours or on weekends. Passengers wishing to travel from Hoboken to World Trade Center at these times must take the Journal Square – 33rd Street (via Hoboken) train from Hoboken and transfer at Grove Street to the Newark–World Trade Center train. Previoulsly, this branch operated on weekends as well, which made it the only PATH line that ran at all times except late nights. This is the only route from PATH on which every station is Handicapped Accessible.
The Hoboken-World Trade Center service originated as the Hoboken – Hudson Terminal service operated by the Hudson and Manhattan Railroad (H&M). It originally operated only between Exchange Place in Jersey City and the Hudson Terminal in Manhattan beginning on July 19, 1909, and was extended to Hoboken Terminal on August 2, 1909.
The H&M was succeeded by Port Authority Trans-Hudson (PATH) in 1962. The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey began constructing the World Trade Center between 1966 and 1974, but opened World Trade Center Station in 1971. Additionally, two other stations were rebuilt by PANYNJ. Exchange Place was rebuilt during the 1960s and 1970s and the former Erie station was rebuilt as Pavonia Avenue, then renamed Pavonia/Newport eventually losing the "Pavonia" from the name by 2010. Hoboken Terminal had been undergoing restoration projects by New Jersey Transit beginning in the late 20th century.
Following the destruction of the World Trade Center station in the September 11 attacks, which also required the closing of Exchange Place, the Hoboken-World Trade Center branch was suspended. Instead, a temporary branch using the same color code (green) operated between Hoboken and Journal Square. When Exchange Place reopened on June 29, 2003, the green color code was used for the temporary Hoboken-Exchange Place branch. The Hoboken-World Trade Center branch was restored when the temporary World Trade Center station opened on November 23. On April 9, 2006, weekend service on this branch was discontinued to accommodate long-term construction on the World Trade Center site.
The Hoboken station suffered severe damage from Hurricane Sandy, which devastated the PATH system in late October 2012. As a result, the station was closed for repairs caused by damage to trainsets, mud, rusted tracks, and destroyed critical electrical equipment after approximately 8 ft (2.4 m) of water submerged the tunnels in and around the station. Damage was also reported at Exchange Place and World Trade Center stations. Due to the lengthly amount of time necessary to repair all of the damage, service on the line was temporarily suspended. On December 19, 2012, Hoboken station was reopened after its repairs were completed. However, service on the line would not resume until January 29, 2013.