Hoboken Terminal

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Hoboken Terminal
Erie-Lackawanna Railroad Terminal.jpg
Hoboken Terminal from the Hudson River in 2012
General information
Location1 Hudson Place
Hoboken, New Jersey
Owned byNew Jersey Transit (street level)
Port Authority of New York and New Jersey (underground)
Line(s)Hoboken Division
Uptown and Downtown Hudson Tubes
Platforms9 island platforms, 1 side platform
ConnectionsBSicon BOOT.svg NY Waterway
NJT Bus NJ Transit Bus: 22, 23, 63, 64, 68, 85, 87, 89, 126
Platform levels2
Bicycle facilities88 spaces
Disabled accessYes
Other information
Station codeHOB
20496, 20497 (NJT Bus)[1]
Fare zone1
OpenedFebruary 25, 1907; 115 years ago (1907-02-25)
ElectrifiedSeptember 3, 1930:[2] 25 kV 60 Hz (commuter rail)
600 V (DC) third rail (PATH)
750 V DC Overhead lines (light rail)
201715,628 (average weekday)[3] (NJT)


20188,267,843[5]Decrease 6.1% (PATH)
Preceding station NJT logo.svg NJ Transit Following station
Newark Penn Station
toward Bay Head
North Jersey Coast Line
limited service
Newark Penn Station Raritan Valley Line
limited service
Newark Broad Street Montclair-Boonton Line
Morristown Line
Newark Broad Street
toward Gladstone
Gladstone Branch
Secaucus Junction Pascack Valley Line
Secaucus Junction
toward Suffern
Main Line
Bergen County Line
Secaucus Junction BetMGM Meadowlands Rail Line
special event service
Preceding station MTA NYC logo.svg Metro-North Railroad Following station
Secaucus Junction Port Jervis Line Terminus
Former services
Preceding station NJT logo.svg NJ Transit Following station
Arlington Boonton Line
until 2002
Newark Broad Street
toward Bay Street
Montclair Branch
until 2002
toward Bay Street
Montclair Branch
until 1984
Preceding station Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad Following station
toward Buffalo
Main Line Terminus
toward Montclair
Montclair Branch
toward Gladstone
Gladstone Branch
toward Dover
Boonton Branch
Erie-Lackawanna Railroad Terminal at Hoboken
Hoboken Terminal is located in Hudson County, New Jersey
Hoboken Terminal
Hoboken Terminal is located in New Jersey
Hoboken Terminal
Hoboken Terminal is located in the United States
Hoboken Terminal
LocationOn the Hudson River at the foot of Hudson Place, Hoboken, New Jersey
Coordinates40°44′6″N 74°1′39″W / 40.73500°N 74.02750°W / 40.73500; -74.02750Coordinates: 40°44′6″N 74°1′39″W / 40.73500°N 74.02750°W / 40.73500; -74.02750
Area4 acres (2 ha)
Built1907; 115 years ago (1907)
ArchitectKenneth MacKenzie Murchison
Architectural styleAmerican Industrial
NRHP reference No.73001102[6]
Added to NRHPJuly 24, 1973

Hoboken Terminal is a commuter-oriented intermodal passenger station in Hoboken, Hudson County, New Jersey, United States. One of the New York metropolitan area's major transportation hubs, it is served by nine NJ Transit (NJT) commuter rail lines, one Metro-North Railroad line, various NJT buses and private bus lines, the Hudson–Bergen Light Rail, the Port Authority Trans Hudson (PATH) rapid transit system, and NY Waterway-operated ferries. More than 50,000 people use the terminal daily, making it the ninth-busiest railroad station in North America and the sixth-busiest in the New York area. It is also the second-busiest railroad station in New Jersey, behind only Newark Penn Station, and its third-busiest transportation facility, after Newark Liberty International Airport and Newark Penn Station.[7] Hoboken Terminal is wheelchair-accessible, with high-level platforms for light rail and PATH services and portable lifts for commuter rail services.


The site of the terminal had been used since colonial times to link Manhattan Island and points west. It was long a ferry landing accessible via turnpike roads, and later plank roads (namely the Hackensack, the Paterson and a spur of the Newark Plank Road).[citation needed] In 1811, the first steam-powered ferries began service under John Stevens, an inventor who founded Hoboken.[8]

Hoboken Terminal under construction, 1907

The coming of the railroads brought more and more travelers to the west bank of the Hudson River. Passengers traveling to Manhattan from most of the continental USA had to transfer to a ferry at the riverbank. Cuts and tunnels were constructed through Bergen Hill to rail–ferry terminals on the west bank of the river and the Upper New York Bay. The first of the Bergen Tunnels under Jersey City Heights was opened in 1876 by the Morris and Essex Railroad, which was leased by the Delaware, Lackawanna, and Western Railroad (DL&W).

Hoboken Terminal c. 1954

Designed by architect Kenneth M. Murchison in the Beaux-Arts style, the rail and ferry terminal buildings were constructed in 1907 by the Delaware, Lackawanna and Western Railroad.[9][10] The following year, the railroad opened the second parallel tunnel. Both tunnels are still used by NJ Transit.[11] The tubes of the Hudson and Manhattan Railroad, forerunner of PATH, were extended to Hoboken Terminal upon its opening. The first revenue train on the new line ran from the terminal on February 26, 1908.[12]

In 1930, Thomas Edison was at the controls for the first departure of a regular-service electric multiple unit train from Hoboken Terminal to Montclair. One of the first installations of central air-conditioning in a public space was at the station, as was the first non-experimental use of mobile phones.[13][14]

Numerous streetcar lines (eventually owned and operated by the Public Service Railway), including the Hoboken Inclined Cable Railway, originated and terminated at the station until bustitution was completed on August 7, 1949.[11]

At the peak of intercity rail service, five passenger terminals were operated by competing railroad companies along the Hudson Waterfront. Of the five, Hoboken Terminal is the only one still in active use. Those at Weehawken (New York Central), Pavonia (Erie Railroad), and Exchange Place (Pennsylvania Railroad) were demolished in the 1960s, while the one in Jersey City (Central Railroad of New Jersey) was restored and is now part of Liberty State Park.[15]

In October 1956, four years before its merger with the DL&W to form the Erie Lackawanna Railway, the Erie Railroad began to shift its trains from Pavonia Terminal to Hoboken. The Erie moved its Northern Branch trains to Hoboken in 1959. In October 1965, on former Erie routes, there were five weekday trains run to Midvale, three to Nyack on the Northern Branch, three to Waldwick via the Newark Branch, two to Essex Fells on its Caldwell Branch, two to Carlton Hill, and one to Newton.[16][17] All those trains were dropped in 1966. The last intercity trains that called at the station, with service to Chicago and Buffalo, were discontinued on January 5, 1970.[citation needed]

An Erie Lackawanna commuter train arriving at Hoboken in November 1978

Conrail acquired the terminal in 1976 when it bought the Erie Lackawanna's rail assets. Ownership of the terminal passed to NJ Transit in 1983, when it bought Conrail's rail properties in northern New Jersey.[citation needed]

Ferry service from the terminal to lower Manhattan ended on November 22, 1967.[18] It resumed in 1989 on the south side of the terminal and moved back to the restored ferry slips inside the historic terminal on December 7, 2011.[19][20]

In 1973 the terminal building was added to the New Jersey Register of Historic Places[9] and the National Register of Historic Places.[21]

A renovation that lasted from 2005 to 2009 demolished and rebuilt walls to resemble their original appearance; the terminal's clock tower was rebuilt as well.[22]

The station was badly damaged during Hurricane Sandy on October 29, 2012. A 5-foot (1.5 m) storm surge inundated the facility; the water rose as high as 8 feet (2.4 m) in the PATH tunnels. Daytime PATH service to midtown Manhattan was restored on December 19. The waiting room reopened in January 2013, while extensive repairs were still in progress.[23][24] Pre-Sandy service patterns were gradually restored by March 1, 2013.[25][26][27][28][29]

As of 2017, the station was the ninth-busiest railway station in North America.[4][30]

On October 5, 2022, officials broke ground on Hoboken Connect, a projected five-year project to renovate the Terminal and its immediate vicinity. The plans call for erecting a 20-story commercial building at 5 and 23 Hudson Place and a 28-story, 389-unit residential building on Observer Highway. Planned improvements to Warrington Plaza include movable seats and modular structures for public use. The Ferry Terminal will be renovated to add retail space and bicycle storage on the ground floor, while commercial space on its second floor would be constructed to house either transport functions, or tenants such as markets, eateries, or areas for arts and culture. A new bus depot is planned for Hudson Place, pending NJ Transit approval.[31]


In December 1985, an NJ Transit train crashed into the concrete bumper at Hoboken Terminal, injuring 54. The 1985 crash was said to have been caused by a lubricant that had been applied to the tracks to test train wheels.[32]

In May 2011, a PATH train crashed into a bumper block at Hoboken Terminal, injuring 34 people;[33][34] the Port Authority said the train came in too fast.[35]

On the morning of September 29, 2016, an NJ Transit train crashed through a stopblock and into the concourse of the station, killing one person and injuring more than 110 people.[36][37] Tracks 10 through 17 were reopened on October 10, 2016, with most remaining tracks reopened a week later. The pedestrian concourse reopened on May 14, 2017. Track 6 reopened for service in June 2017 and Track 5 reopened for service sometime around September 2018.[38] The planning for permanent repairs to the concourse roof and supports were ongoing during this time. Permanent repairs and renovations began in March 2019[39] and were completed by the end of 2019.[40][41]


New clock tower
Ceiling of terminal

Hoboken Terminal is considered a milestone in American transportation development, initially combining rail, ferry, subway, streetcar and pedestrian services, in one of the most innovatively designed and engineered structures in the nation, with bus and light-rail service added in the ensuing decades. The terminal was also one of the first stations in the world to employ the Bush-type train shed, designed by and named for Lincoln Bush of the DL&W, which quickly became ubiquitous in station design.[13] The station is unusual for a New York City area commuter railroad terminal in that it still has low-level platforms, requiring passengers to use stairs on the train to board and alight. The Long Slip Fill and Rail Enhancement project is anticipated to add three high level ADA-accessible platforms to the south side of the terminal.[42]

The terminal's 225-foot (69 m) clock tower was designed by architect Kenneth Murchison, and originally built with the terminal. Its copper cladding was intended to provide a dramatic decorative effect. By the post-World War II period, this patina had been lost to wind erosion, and was removed in about 1950 following a storm. The tower was replaced by a radio tower that stood for more than half a century, until being removed in June 2006, when it was replaced with a new clock tower modeled after the original, down to the same copper cladding, albeit with a more modern steel and aluminum infrastructure that would better withstand wind erosion. The second tower includes a clock with 12-foot diameter faces and 4-foot-high (1.2 m) copper letters, which spell out "LACKAWANNA", whose fiber optic technology allow the them to be lit from dusk to midnight.[43]

The large main waiting room features floral and Greek Revival motifs in tiled stained glass by Louis Comfort Tiffany set atop bands of pale cement. The terminal exterior extends to over four stories and has a copper-clad façade with ornate detailing. Its single-story base is constructed of rusticated Indiana limestone. A grand double stair with decorative cast-iron railings within the main waiting room provides an entrance to the upper-level ferry concourse.[44]


Commuter rail[edit]

Hoboken Terminal is the terminus and namesake for NJ Transit's Hoboken Division, which consists mostly of the former (Erie) Lackawanna commuter routes in northern New Jersey.

Access to other NJ Transit rail lines is available at Newark Penn Station (which also serves Amtrak), Secaucus Junction, or Newark Broad Street.

Rapid transit[edit]

Port Authority Trans-Hudson PATH rapid transit station
Hoboken PATH station 2017a.jpg
PATH station platforms
Preceding station PATH logo.svg PATH Following station
Terminus HOB–WTC Newport
HOB–33 Christopher Street
Weeknights, Weekends, Holidays
Newport JSQ–33 (via HOB) Christopher Street

PATH trains provide 24-hour service from a three-track underground terminal located north of the surface platforms.[45] Two routes are offered on weekdays during the day, and one route is offered on late nights, weekends and holidays. Entrances are from the main concourse or street, below the Hudson Place bus station with both an elevator and stairs. Travel to Newark Penn Station always requires a transfer, as does weekday service to Journal Square Transportation Center.

Track layout
Former car elevator
to surface shops
G Street Level Exit/entrance
B1 Mezzanine Fare control, transfer to NJ Transit services
Platform level
Eastbound      JSQ–33 (via HOB) weekends toward 33rd Street or Journal Square (Christopher Street or Newport)
     HOB–WTC weekdays toward World Trade Center (Newport)
Mezzanine access
Island platform Disabled access
Eastbound      HOB–33 weekdays toward 33rd Street (Christopher Street)
     JSQ–33 (via HOB) weekends toward 33rd Street or Journal Square (Christopher Street or Newport)
     HOB–WTC weekdays toward World Trade Center (Newport)
Island platform Disabled access
Eastbound      HOB–33 weekdays toward 33rd Street (Christopher Street)
     JSQ–33 (via HOB) weekends toward 33rd Street or Journal Square (Christopher Street or Newport)
Side platform Disabled access

Light rail[edit]

Hoboken Terminal HBLR jeh.JPG
HBLR platform at tracks H1 and H2
Disabled accessYes
Other information
Fare zone1
Preceding station NJT logo.svg NJ Transit Following station
Terminus Hoboken–Tonnelle 2nd Street
toward 8th Street
8th Street–Hoboken Terminus
Bayonne Flyer

Hoboken Terminal is the terminus for two of the three Hudson-Bergen Light Rail routes. Light rail platforms are located south of Track 18 and the terminal building, and provide a pathway connection to 14th Street along the Hudson River.

Ground/platform level
Exit/entrance to 14th Street
and Hoboken Terminal
Track H1      Hoboken–Tonnelle toward Tonnelle Avenue (2nd Street)
     8th Street–Hoboken toward 8th Street (Newport)
     Bayonne Flyer toward 8th Street (rush hours) (Newport)
Island platform, doors will open on the left or right Disabled access
Track H2      Hoboken–Tonnelle toward Tonnelle Avenue (2nd Street)
     8th Street–Hoboken toward 8th Street (Newport)
     Bayonne Flyer toward 8th Street (rush hours) (Newport)
Track H4      Hoboken–Tonnelle toward Tonnelle Avenue (2nd Street)
     8th Street–Hoboken toward 8th Street (Newport)
     Bayonne Flyer toward 8th Street (rush hours) (Newport)
Side platform, doors will open on the left Disabled access


Ferry service is operated by NY Waterway to Brookfield Place Terminal daily, as well as Pier 11/Wall Street and West Midtown Ferry Terminal on weekdays.[46] The ferry concourse has five slips, numbered 1–5. Slips 1 and 5 are generally used for ferries heading to West Midtown, Slip 2 is generally used for Wall Street ferries, and Slip 3 is generally used for Brookfield Place ferries.[47]

Bus service[edit]

Ten routes operated by New Jersey Transit Bus Operations serve Hoboken. Lanes 1-5 are underneath the covered "Hoboken Bus Terminal" adjacent to Track 1, while Lane 6 lies at the curb adjacent to the main commuter rail concourse.[47]

Route 87 departs from Lane 1 for Jersey City,[47][48] route 126 departs from Lanes 2 and 3 for the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Manhattan,[47][49] and routes 85, 89 depart from Lane 4 for American Dream Meadowlands in East Rutherford or Nungessers.[47][50][51] Routes 22, 22X, 23 depart from Lane 5 for Weehawken or Union City,[47] and routes 63, 64, 68 departs from Lane 6 for Lakewood, Lincoln Harbor, or Old Bridge.[47][52][53]

Former named trains[edit]

Name Operators Destination Year begun Year discontinued
Atlantic Express and Pacific Express Erie Railroad, then Erie-Lackawanna Chicago, Illinois 1885, but started departing from Hoboken in 1956 1965
Chicago Limited Lackawanna Railroad DLW terminal in Buffalo, New York, continuing as an express New York Central train to Chicago, the westbound counterpart to the Lackawanna Limited 1917 1941
Erie Limited Erie Railroad, then Erie-Lackawanna Chicago, Illinois Began in 1929, but started departing from Hoboken in 1956 1963
Lake Cities Erie Railroad, then Erie-Lackawanna Chicago, Illinois Began in 1939, but started departing from Hoboken in 1956 1970
Lackawanna Limited Lackawanna Railroad Buffalo, until 1941 continuing to Chicago 1901 1949
Merchants Express Lackawanna Railroad Scranton 1937 1959
New York Mail Lackawanna Railroad, then Erie-Lackawanna via Nickel Plate Road Buffalo, continuing to Chicago 1937 1968
New Yorker/Westerner Lackawanna Railroad, then Erie-Lackawanna via Nickel Plate Road Buffalo, continuing to Chicago 1936 1963
Owl Lackawanna Railroad, then Erie-Lackawanna via Nickel Plate Road Buffalo, continuing to St. Louis 1919 1968
Phoebe Snow Lackawanna Railroad, then Erie-Lackawanna DL&W Terminal, Buffalo 1949 1966
Pocono Express Lackawanna Railroad Buffalo 1936 1965[54]
Scrantonian Lackawanna Railroad Scranton 1942 1952
Twilight Lackawanna Railroad Buffalo 1950 1965[54]

Environs and access[edit]

Map of the five train-to-ferry transfer points along the west shore of the Hudson River circa 1900
At Warrington Plaza

Though the passenger facilities are located within Hoboken, large parts of the infrastructure that supports them are located in Jersey City. The Hoboken/Jersey City line cuts across the rail yard at a northwest diagonal from the river to the intersection of Grove Street and Newark Street. It is at this corner that Observer Highway begins running parallel to the tracks and creating a de facto border for Hoboken.[55] The Long Slip (created with the landfilling of Harsimus Cove) creates the southern perimeter of the station, separating it from Jersey City's Newport neighborhood.[citation needed]

Motor vehicle access to the station is extremely limited. At the eastern end of Observer Highway buses are permitted to enter their terminal. Other vehicles are required to do a dog-leg turn onto Hudson Place. This 0.05-mile-long (0.080 km)[56] street (designated CR 736) is the only one with motor vehicle traffic adjacent to the station and acts as a pick-up/drop off point, and hosts a dedicated taxi stand. Departure from the terminal requires travelling north (for at least one block) on River Street.[citation needed]

Hudson Place ends at Warrington Plaza. On this square one finds the main entrance to the waiting room and the vehicle entrances to the currently unused original ferry slips. A statue of Sam Sloan, president of the DL&W, moved during renovations faces the loading docks of the nearby post office. The plaza was named in honor of George Warrington, who was influential in the creation of NJ Transit, and as its executive director enabled the purchase and preservation of the station.[citation needed]

In 2009, pedestrian access to the terminal from the south was made possible with the opening of a new segment of the Hudson River Waterfront Walkway.[57] The closing of this gap along the promenade nearly completes the stretch from the Morris Canal to Weehawken Cove, with signage along the concourse at the rail head inside the terminal indicating that it is officially part of the walkway.[citation needed]

Hoboken Terminal viewed from the northeast, with Jersey City skyline in the background

In media[edit]

The station has been used for film shoots, including Funny Girl, Three Days of the Condor, Once Upon a Time in America, The Station Agent, The Curse of the Jade Scorpion,[58] Julie & Julia, Kal Ho Naa Ho, Rod Stewart's "Downtown Train" video (1990) and Eric Clapton's video for his 1996 single "Change the World".[59]



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  58. ^ "Woody Allen Filming Locations Master".
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External links[edit]

Google Maps Street View
image icon Hudson Place and River Street entrance to PATH
image icon Stairs and elevator to PATH on Hudson Place
image icon PATH platforms
image icon Waiting room
image icon Commuter rail platforms
image icon Light rail platforms
image icon Ferry pier