Hoca Ali Rıza

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This is an Ottoman Turkish style name. Ali Rıza is the given name, the title is Hoca, and there is no family name.
Self-portrait (1909)

Hoca Ali Rıza (1858 in Üsküdar – 20[1] March 1930 in Üsküdar)[2] was a Turkish painter and art teacher, known primarily for his Impressionist landscapes and architectural paintings.

Biography[edit]

His father was a cavalry major and an amateur calligrapher.[3] After completing his basic education, he attended Kuleli Military High School, continuing to the Turkish Military Academy, where he studied art with Osman Nuri Pasha and Süleyman Seyyid. In 1881, he received an award from Sultan Abdul Hamid II. Three years later, he graduated with the rank of Lieutenant and was appointed an assistant to Nuri Pasha.[4] He had been planning to continue his studies in Naples, but had to cancel his plans, due to a cholera epidemic there.[2]

The Maiden's Tower (1894)

In 1891, he became part of a government commission examining Turkish-Islamic artifacts. Four years later, he was promoted to Kolağası (Senior Captain) and he began working as a designer at the new Imperial Porcelain Factory. He also worked with Fausto Zonaro, who was teaching painting to a local dignitary's wife at Yıldız Palace.

During the Greco-Turkish War, he was a battle painter in Ionia. In 1903, he served on a commission to create the "Türk Esliha-i Antika Müzesi" (Museum of Antiquities). Six years later, he became head of the "Military Publications Office" and served for two years. During those years, he was also chairman of the "Ottoman Painter's Association". In 1911, he retired with the rank of Yarbay (Lieutenant Colonel).[4]

Landscape (1898)

In 1914, he began teaching landscape painting at the School of Fine Arts (now the Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University). After cutbacks by the Ministry of Education, he moved to the "Çamlıca Girls' High School", where he stayed for three years, followed by time at another girls' school in Üsküdar then, in 1929, a boys' school,[3] where he was teaching at the time of his death.

His last exhibition, organized by Celal Esad Arseven, a painter and member of Parliament, was in Paris in 1928. Hoca Ali Rıza's work remained important in the early Republic, and even after his death, his work was exhibited posthumously in state sponsored exhibitions. In 1933, the Ankara Halkevi featured his work in what has been documented as the institution's first exhibition, and one of sixteen solo-exhibitions, which foregrounded his mastery of landscape painting.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.islamansiklopedisi.info/dia/ayrmetin.php?idno=d020439
  2. ^ a b Biography and appreciation @ Lebriz.
  3. ^ a b Biography and appreciation @ Milliyet.
  4. ^ a b Biography and appreciation @ Turkish Cultural Foundation.
  5. ^ Dogan, Cigdem. 2009. Ankara Universitesi. Ankara Halkevi Sergileri. Yuksek Lisans Tezi.

Further reading[edit]

  • Atila Taşpınar, Hoca Ali Rıza Bey, Boyut yayın grubu, 2012 ISBN 978-975-230-982-1
  • Ömer Faruk Şerifoğlu, Hoca Ali Rıza, 1858-1930 (Volume 9 of "Türk Ressamları Dizisi"), Yapı Kredi Yayınları, 2005 ISBN 975-08-0996-3

External links[edit]