Hocking Hills State Park
|Hocking Hills State Park|
|Location||Hocking County, Ohio, US|
|Nearest city||Logan, Ohio|
|Area||2,356 acres (9.53 km2)|
Water: 17 acres (6.9 ha)
|Governing body||Ohio Department of Natural Resources|
Hocking Hills State Park is a state park in the Hocking Hills region of Hocking County, Ohio, United States. In some areas the park adjoins the Hocking State Forest. Within the park are over 25 miles (40 km) of hiking trails, rock formations, waterfalls, and recess caves. The trails are open from dawn to dusk, all year round, including holidays.
The park contains seven separate hiking areas: Ash Cave, Cantwell Cliffs, Cedar Falls, Conkle's Hollow (nature preserve), Old Man's Cave, Rock House and Hemlock Bridge Trail to Whispering Cave. 
The name Hocking Hills
Hocking County was named after the Hockhocking River. Hockhocking, in the Delaware tongue, signifies a bottle. In Shawnee, Wea-tha-Kagh-Qua-sepe, meant bottle river. The Hockhocking River had a waterfall of nearly 20 feet located about 6 or 7 miles northwest of Lancaster. Above the falls, the creek was very narrow and straight, forming the "bottle" neck.
The Hockhocking enters the county from Good Hope Township in the northwest and then flows southwest, touches Marion Township, continues through Falls and Green Townships, and exits the county through northwestern Starr Township. The river is then in Athens County.
History of the Park
More than 330 million years ago, the Hocking Hills State Park area was relatively level and was covered by the waters of the Atlantic Ocean. For millions of years, the ocean's currents deposited immense amounts of sand and gravel. After millions of years, the ocean receded, and the sandy layers bonded with silica to form the Black Hand Sandstone that underlies the area. It formed like a sandwich, with a hard top and bottom and a soft middle layer. When the Appalachian Mountains arose, form and feature were cast upon the area and created Hocking Hills State Park.
Hocking Hills State Park was hemmed in by the ancient north-flowing Teays River to the west, and the then north-flowing Hocking to the east. The landscape remained fairly static for millions of years. Any changes were minuscule, and were slow to develop. When the Wisconsin Glacier began melting back to the north about 10,000 years ago, the landscape would undergo dramatic changes. The glacier stopped in northern Hocking County, so the area suffered indescribable flooding. The ancient Teays River was buried under tons of glacial silt, and the direction of the Hocking River was reversed.
When the glacial torrents found cracks in the hard capstone, the water poured through to flush out the soft middle layer. This left long tunnels where the gorges are today. Eventually, the weight of the tops caused them to come crashing down. The "slump rocks" in the gorges today are what's left of the hard top layer. In just a few centuries, the rushing waters of the glacier carved the soft middle layer of sandstone into the myriad dimples and wrinkles that decorate the cliffs and grottos today.
Early settlers in Muskingum County found an ancient black human handprint on a cliff that is part of this same sandstone formation. That is the same "Black Hand Sandstone" that is seen in six areas of the Hocking Hills State Park.
The Adena culture is believed to be one of the first inhabitants of the area of Hocking Hills. In the 18th century, the Native American Tribes of Delaware, Wyandot, and Shawnee travelled through and lived in the area. In 1818, Hocking County was created in Ohio. A powder mill was built in the area in the 1830s and in 1840 Hocking Canal was completed, allowing for more settlers to travel there. After local popular hiking areas were threatened by the accessibility of more traffic, the State Forest Law was passed in 1915 allowing the state to purchase the first parcel of land in Hocking Hills around Old Man's Cave.
Hocking Honor Camp Reforestation
Hocking Hills' iconic and unusual hemlock forest of Hocking Hills was extensively established by the Civilian Conservation Corp and Division of Forestry in the 1930s. Additional planting and reforestry work took place during the 1950s by "prisoners from the Hocking Honor Camp." Inmates "worked on tree planting, cleaning plantations and pruning more established plantations.The prisoners earned five cents per hour for their labor if they had dependents, otherwise they earned half a cent per hour for their hard work." This unique model of using inmates to provide social good is striking. According to the Logan Daily News, Hocking Honor inmates "worked closely with the Hocking County area and the community, an idea that seems absurd today"
There are about 200 campsites in the park, most equipped with electricity. The campground is close to all of the hiking trails in the area and has flush toilets, shower houses with hot water, vending machines, a camp store, a pool, and other amenities. The area also has many cabins and hotels in this area.
In 2017, over 2 million people visited Hocking Hills. To handle the growing tourism, a summer shuttle service from downtown Logan began to lessen the overtaxing on the park's parking facilities. The Ohio Department of Natural Resources (ODNR) broke ground on a new visitors' center. The $6 million project opened in June 2019. 
The area is very popular with tourists and collectively is known as the Hocking Hills Region. It features many private inns, campgrounds, cabins, restaurants, and other related businesses, including a recently developed zipline. Other attractions include:
- Nature Preserves and State Parks: Nearby are also other attractions of the Hocking Hills, including Hocking State Forest, Conkles Hollow State Nature Preserve, Lake Logan State Park, and Rockbridge State Nature Preserve. The deep gorges and high cliffs result from the erosion-resistant Blackhand Sandstone, which extends well to the northeast of the Hocking Hills. Other open-space areas have been established within the range of the Blackhand, including Lake Katharine State Nature Preserve.
- Lakes: Lake Logan in Hocking Hills State Park covers 400 acres, 320 acres of which is dry land, and is two miles long. The lake was built in 1955 for recreational purposes and offers visitors hiking, boating, picnicking and swimming.
- Canoeing and kayaking are popular activities in the Hocking Hills 
- Boating: Canoeing, kayaking and rafting are all allowed on various places in the state park.
- Rock Climbing and Rappelling: Ninety-nine acres of forest land have been set aside for rock clim bing and rappelling in Hocking State Forest.
- Swimming: Lake Logan and Rose Lake offer swimming and beaches for visitors. There is also a swimming pool open to the public outside of the Hocking Hills State Park lodge.
- Hunting and fishing: Hunting and fishing are permitted as regulated by the Division of Wildlife. With permits, visitors are allowed to hunt during hunting season. Fishing is permitted in Lake Logan, which can include a variety of fish such as bluegill, crappie, bass, saugeye and catfish.
- Bird Watching: Hocking Valley Birding Trail identifies opportunities for bird watchers to enjoy the avian life in Hocking Hills.
- Archery: The Hocking Hills State Park offers a free archery range.
- Air Tours: Hocking Hills Scenic Air Tours offers airplane rides with views of the State Park.
- Horseback Riding: Hocking Hills State Park provides horseback riding trails that share space with both hiking trails and hunting areas.
- Train Rides: The trains of the Hocking Valley Scenic Railway provide visitors a glimpse into the transportation and industrial history of the Hocking Hills area.
- Weddings: Some individuals have chosen to use the State Park as their outdoor wedding ceremony location.
- Canopy Tours: Nearby the State Park is Hocking Hills Canopy Tours, an outdoor zipline tour that offers three different rides: a SuperZip, Nightflight and traditional canopy tour. The Hocking Hills region was recently named the Canopy Tour Capital of the Midwest.
- Astronomy: The John Glenn Astronomy Park, named after astronaut and US Senator John Glenn, opened in June 2018. During the day, visitors can study the position of the sun and orientation throughout the year. At night, visitors can see the planets and stars not being obstructed by light pollution.
There are numerous hiking trails, including several safe for pets, located throughout the state park. Some trails in Hocking Hills State Park include:
- Old Man's Cave: 1 mile
- Ash Cave Gorge: 1⁄4 mile, wheelchair accessible
- Ash Cave Rim: 1⁄2 mile
- Cedar Falls: 1⁄2 mile
- Rock House: 1 mile
- Cantwell Cliffs: 1 mile
- Conkle's Hollow: 1 mile
- Conkle's Hollow Rim: 21⁄2 miles
- Buckeye Trail: Cedar Falls – Ash Cave: 3 miles, Old Man's Cave – Cedar Falls: 3 miles
In popular culture
Many of the adventures in Jeff Smith's comic book series Bone take place in Old Man's Cave, a place inspired by the Hocking Hills State Park, which Smith enjoyed since he was a child. The waterfalls of the park also influenced Smith's frequent use of water as a recurring visual element in Bone, calling it "an age-old storytelling symbol".
Other public lands
As noted, Hocking Hills State Park is embedded within the Hocking State Forest. Crane Hollow Nature Preserve, a private preserve, fills in a large part of the non-public area. On the south side, Camp Oti-Okwa, owned by Big Brothers-Big Sisters, is also a sizeable protected area. There are three state nature preserves within the Forest, but only Conkles Hollow State Nature Preserve is open to the public. Also nearby are Clear Creek Metro Park, Lake Logan State Park, and Rockbridge State Nature Preserve.
- "Hocking Hills State Park - Frequently Asked Questions". thehockinghills.org.
- "Area Attractions". parks.ohiodnr.gov/hockinghills.
- Walker, Charles Manning (1869). History of Athens County, Ohio: And, Incidentally, of the Ohio Land Company and the First Settlement of the State at Marietta, with Personal and Biographical Sketches of the Early Settlers, Narratives of Pioneer Adventures, Etc, Volume 3. Robert Clarke & Company. p. 17.
- "Hocking County History". 1800hocking.com. Archived from the original on 2012-05-30. Retrieved 2012-06-23.
- "Hocking Hills State Park History". thehockinghills.org.
- Walker, T. "Hocking Hills Ohio". hockinghills.com. Retrieved 2018-10-19.
- Hansen, Michael C. (1975). Geology of the Hocking Hills State Park Region (PDF). Division of Geological Survey. p. 3.
- Dept of Natural Resources, Ohio (April 21, 2021). "Hocking State Forest" (PDF).
- Gray, Leslie. "Honor camp remembered". Logan Daily News. Retrieved 2021-04-21.
- Yuen, Courtney (May 10, 2018). "Tourism booming at Hocking Hills State Park; new visitors' center opening this winter". WCMH-TV. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
- "Shuttle Service Planned For Hocking Hills State Park". Associated Press. WCBE-FM. June 1, 2018. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
- "New Hocking Hills Visitor Center to open on Monday". athensnews.com. June 17, 2019. Retrieved December 6, 2020.
- "Lake Logan". Hocking Hills Tourism Association. Retrieved 2012-06-24.
- "Canoe Popular". Retrieved 2012-06-24.
- "Hocking Hills Canoeing". Heart of Hocking. Retrieved 2012-06-24.
- "Rock Climbing". Heart of Hocking. Retrieved 2012-06-24.
- "Hocking Hills State Park". Ohio Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 2012-06-24.
- "Hunting and Fishing Regulations". Ohio Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 2012-06-24.
- "Hocking Valley Birding Trail". Hocking Valley Birding Trail. Retrieved 2012-06-24.
- "ODNR Division of Wildlife - Shooting Resources". Ohio Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 2012-06-24.
- "Hocking Hills Scenic Air Tours". Hocking Hills Scenic Air Tours. Retrieved 2012-06-24.
- "Horseback Riding". Heart of Hocking. Retrieved 2012-06-24.
- "Hocking Valley Scenic Railway". Hocking Valley Scenic Railway. Retrieved 2013-11-07.
- "Hocking Hills Weddings". Hocking Hills Tourism Association. Retrieved 2012-06-24.
- "Hocking Hills Canopy Tours". Hocking Hills Canopy tours. Retrieved 2012-06-24.
- "Hocking Hills, Canopy Tour Capital of the Midwest". Discover Ohio. Archived from the original on 2014-02-21. Retrieved 2012-06-24.
- Letizia, Jim (March 29, 2018). "Astronomy Park To Open In Hocking Hills In June". WCBE-FM. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
- "Bring Your Pets to Hocking Hills For Some Four-Legged Fun". Hocking Hills Tourism Association. Archived from the original on 2012-02-11. Retrieved 2012-06-24.
- Ken Mills (Director) (July 21, 2009). The Cartoonist: Jeff Smith, BONE and the Changing Face of Comics (Documentary). Mills James Productions.
- "Crane Hollow Nature Preserve". Hocking Hills. Retrieved 2020-02-07.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Hocking Hills State Park.|
- Hocking Hills State Park at Ohio Department of Natural Resources
- Hocking Hills at American Byways
- at Hocking Hills Tourism
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hocking Hills State Park.|