Hockley Woods

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Hockley Woods
Site of Special Scientific Interest
Bridleway birches - geograph.org.uk - 583218.jpg
Area of SearchEssex
Grid referenceTQ 833917
InterestBiological
Area91.3 hectares
Notification1986
Location mapMagic Map

Hockley Woods is a large woodland in South-east Essex; it is also a Local Nature Reserve[1][2], and parts are a Site of Special Scientific Interest.[3][4] It is owned and managed by Rochford District Council.[3]

Hockley Woods are the largest residual area of the wild wood, which covered much of Essex after the Ice Age, 10,000 years ago. Hockley Woods comprise several contiguous named woods including: Great Bull Wood, Great Hawkwell Wood, Beeches Wood, Winks Wood, Little Bull Wood, Whitbred's Wood and Parson's Snipe. Hockley woods extend over parts of the parishes of Hockley, Hawkwell and Rayleigh. The size of Hockley Woods is variously given as 130 hectares[5], 109 hectares[6] and 91.3 hectares[3], although the latter is the SSSI only.

The woods are on pre-glacial gravels and clay. The wooded areas are an intricate mosaic of various trees, every species developing under appropriate conditions. Oak and sweet chestnut develop on the higher ground; birch on the most acidic soils; hornbeam on the wet soils; willow, and hazel along the streams. Other trees include pedunculate oak, sessile oak and birch. Ground flora include three species of orchid, and there is a stream and area of bog.[3] Other species include the wild service tree, wood anemone, wood spurge and cow wheat that develop on the undisturbed soils of old woods.The protected heath fritillary butterfly is common on the site.[1]

Hockley Woods continue to be coppiced and used for timber.

Access to the wooded areas is unrestricted; there is a bus stop on Main Road (SS5 4RN), and also a car park, the site has public toilets.[7] The car park is open from 7am until 6.30pm. A brochure is available from the Council Offices.

The woods are said to be haunted by two ghosts. Silas was said to be friendly, while the other entity was accompanied by a feeling of cold which upset the family dog. This ghost is said to have been so friendly that the family dog would run up to the sounds wagging its tail. Another tale states that the ghost of Anne Boleyn has been seen without her head walking the corridors of the house.

Other woods in Hockley[edit]

Other isolated woods within the parish of Hockley are as follows.[6]

Betts Wood (Ordnance Survey Reference TQ834929), 2.17 hectares, is a rectangular wood principally comprising coppiced Hornbeam and standard Oak with Ash, Hazel and Elm. Ground vegetation consists mainly of brambles. The wood is a public open space bordered by housing, a school and a community centre car park. To the west an abandoned field is now a Hornbeam and Oak wood.

Blounts Wood (TQ818929), 3.21 hectares, is a rectangular wood principally comprising Hornbeam, Ash and Hazel. It has a rich flora including Wild Service, Crab Apple, and Hart’s Tongue Fern. The Shenfield to Southend Railway forms the southern boundary of the wood.

Crabtree Wood (TQ833935), 1.55 hectares, a Hornbeam wood around a small steep valley. A large wood bank marks the boundary with Hockley Hall Wood. The flora is quite poor, although bluebells are abundant.

Folly Wood (TQ832926), 1.44 hectares, is a rectangular wood of pure Hornbeam and is densely shaded and brambles are abundant. It has a few Oaks. Its boundaries comprise housing and an arable field.

Hockley Hall Wood (TQ831935),12.59 hectares and the detached Hockley Hall Wood South (TQ830930), 0.3 hectares. Hockley Hall Wood is a scarp wood mainly comprising Hornbeam, with some Ash and Hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna). It has a rich flora and is much shaded and with an acid soil, the grass Milium effusum is in profusion. Hockley Hall Wood is privately owned although a public footpath runs through the wood in an East-West direction. Hockley Hall Wood South became detached from Hockley Hall Wood with the construction of the Shenfield to Southend railway in 1888. It has the typical structure of an Oak-Hornbeam wood. It has a rich flora including Wild Service, broom, brambles and bluebells. The railway forms the northern boundary and an arable field the other boundaries.

Marylands Wood (TQ837930), 4.79 hectares, is a rectangular Hornbeam wood, with Ash, Maple, Willow and Hawthorn. It has abundant flora including Wild Service, bluebell, and three species of orchid. The railway forms the southern boundary, and housing the eastern boundary. Marylands Wood is distinct from Marylands Nature Reserve (TQ839933).

Plumberow Wood (TQ839940), 5.22 hectares, is a privately owned scarp wood with less Hornbeam than neighbouring woods. Timber trees are mainly Ash, the flora is rather poor, but bluebells are abundant.

See also[edit]

Marylands Nature Reserve

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Hockley Woods". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. 25 January 2016. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
  2. ^ "Map of Hockley Woods". Local Nature Reserves. Natural England. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
  3. ^ a b c d "Hockley Woods citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
  4. ^ "Map of Hockley Woods". Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Retrieved 2 August 2016.
  5. ^ "Rochford District Council - Hockley Woods".
  6. ^ a b Rackham, Oliver (1986). The Woods of South-East Essex. Rochford: Rochford District Council. pp. 62–77, 109. ISBN 0 9511863 0 2.
  7. ^ "Hockley Woods". Rochford District Council. Retrieved 2 August 2016.

Coordinates: 51°35′38″N 0°38′35″E / 51.594°N 0.643°E / 51.594; 0.643