Hodh El Gharbi Region

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Hodh El Gharbi
ولاية الحوض الغربي
Region of Mauritania
Landscape in Hodl El Gharbi (near Ayoun)
Landscape in Hodl El Gharbi (near Ayoun)
Hodh El Gharbi in Mauritania.svg
Coordinates: 16°30′N 10°00′W / 16.500°N 10.000°W / 16.500; -10.000Coordinates: 16°30′N 10°00′W / 16.500°N 10.000°W / 16.500; -10.000
Country  Mauritania
Departments
Capital Ayoun el Atrous
Area
 • Total 53,400 km2 (20,600 sq mi)
Population (2013 census)
 • Total 294,109
 • Density 5.5/km2 (14/sq mi)

Hodh El Gharbi (Arabic: ولاية الحوض الغربي‎‎) is a region in southern Mauritania, with an area of 53,400 square km. The population at the 2013 Census was 294,109. Its capital is Aïoun (formerly called Ayound el Atrrous). The region borders the Mauritanian regions of Tagant to the north, Hodh Ech Chargui to the east and Assaba to the west. To the south in borders Mali, and a part of Malian territory protrudes into the region. The Aoukar basin, which formerly gave name to a greater region, is located in the northern and central part of Hodh El Gharbi, extending eastwards.

As of 2013, the population of the region was 294,109, compared to 274,443 in 2011. There were 47.53 per cent females and 52.47 per cent males. As of 2008, the activity rate was 52.00 and economic dependency ratio was 0.88. As of 2008, the literacy rate for people aged 15 years and over was 67.10.

Geography[edit]

Avant Ayoun

Mauritania is mostly covered with desert, with only its western regions around the coast of Atlantic Ocean having some vegetation. There are some oasis in the desert regions. Since it is a desert, there are large shifting dunes forming temporary ranges. The average elevation is around 460 m (1,510 ft) above the mean sea level. The rainfall in the northern regions closer to the Tropic of Cancer receives around 100 mm (3.9 in) of annual rainfall compared to the southern portions that receives around 660 mm (26 in). The average temparature is 37.8 °C (100.0 °F), while during the night it reaches 0 °C (32 °F).[1] Due to the geography, the inhabitants historically, have been nomadic. In modern times, people have migrated to urban centres during the drought in 1970 and 1980. There are a few sedantary cultivators, who are located only in the Southern regions of the country. Research has indicated that the Saharan movement has resulted in reduction of rains in the region from the 1960s, when it received close to 250 mm (9.8 in) of rainfall.[2]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2013, the population of the region was 294,109, compared to 274,443 in 2011. There were 47.53 per cent females and 52.47 per cent males.[3] As of 2008, the Couples with children was 53.80 and Couples without children was 3.70. The proportion with extended family was 17.70 per cent and extended single-parent was 8.40 per cent, one-person was 1.60 per cent, and single-parent nuclear was 14.80 per cent.[4] As of 2008, the rate of household confirming the existence of public telephone in their neighbourhood or village was 57.64, rate of households benefiting from electricity post in their neighbourhood was 1.91 per cent, rate of households benefiting from health centre or health post in their neighbourhood was 4.84 per cent, and rate of households benefiting from sanitary services was 0.32 per cent.[5]

Economy[edit]

As of 2008, the activity rate was 52.00 and economic dependency ratio was 0.88. The fraction of people working in government was 8.90 per cent, individual / household private was 51.30 per cent, other was 38.60 per cent, para public was 0.40 per cent, and private enterprise was 0.90 per cent. The Grand Total as of 2008 was 584.98.[6] As of 2013, the coverage rate of DPT3 Children From 0 to 11 Months in the region was 68.20 per cent, BGC vaccination was 85.20 and polio vaccination coverage was 67.60.[7] As of 2007, the number of tourist establishments in the region was 3.[8] As of 2008, the literacy rate for people aged 15 years and over was 67.10. The net enrolment ratio of girls for secondary level was 11.30 per cent, net enrolment ratio of boys for secondary level was 8.40 per cent, and Total net enrolment ratio at secondary level was 9.90 per cent.[9]

Local administration[edit]

Departments of Hodh El Gharbi
Name Area (km2) Population at Census
25 March 2013[10]
Aïoun 18,960 65,237
Koubenni 8,765 92,690
Tamchekett 13,565 39,013
Tintane 12,110 97,169

The local administration is adopted from French local administration framework with a Ministry of Internal Control governing the local bodies. The original administration was held by Governors of each district, but after the municipal elections in 1994, the powers has been decentralized from the district bodies.[11] Mauritania has been divided into 13 wilayas (regions), including the Nouakchott Capital District. The smallest administrative division in the country is the commune and the country has 216 of them. A group of communes form a moughataa (department) and the group of moughataa form a district. There are total of 53 moughataa for the 13 districts in the country. The executive power of the district is vested on a district chief, while it is on hakem for moughataa.[12] Out of the 216 communes, 53 classified as urban and rest 163 are rural. The communes are responsible for overseeing and coordinating development activities and are financed by the state. The Local Governments have their own legal jurisdiction, financial autonomy, an annual budget, staff, and an office. The elections for the local government are conducted every five years along with Senate and Parliamentary elections. On account of the political instability, the last elections were held in 2006. Hodh El Gharbi Region is divided into four departments, listed below with their area and populations at the 2013 census.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ McColl, R. W. (2014). Encyclopedia of World Geography, Volume 1. Infobase Publishing. p. 591. ISBN 9780816072293. 
  2. ^ Hilling, David (2004). "Mauritania - Physical and Social Geography". Africa South of the Sahara 2004. Psychology Press. p. 699. ISBN 9781857431834. 
  3. ^ "Census of Mauritania". Office of National Statistics, Mauritania. Retrieved 17 November 2016. 
  4. ^ "Socio-economic statistics of Mauritania". Office of National Statistics, Mauritania. Retrieved 17 November 2016. 
  5. ^ "Basic amenities in Mauritania". Office of National Statistics, Mauritania. Retrieved 17 November 2016. 
  6. ^ "Economic and household characteristics of Mauritania". Office of National Statistics, Mauritania. Retrieved 17 November 2016. 
  7. ^ "Vaccination statistics of Mauritania". Office of National Statistics, Mauritania. Retrieved 17 November 2016. 
  8. ^ "Tourist establishments in Mauritania". Office of National Statistics, Mauritania. Retrieved 17 November 2016. 
  9. ^ "Education in Mauritania". Office of National Statistics, Mauritania. Retrieved 17 November 2016. 
  10. ^ Office National de la Statistique, Nouakchott.
  11. ^ Mauritania Foreign Policy and Government Guide, Volume 1. Int'l Business Publications. p. 31. ISBN 9781433032790. 
  12. ^ Islamic Republic of Mauritania profile Public Administration and Country profile (PDF) (Report). Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA), United Nations. 2004. p. 7. Retrieved 17 November 2016. 
  13. ^ Project approval on a proposed IDA grant (PDF) (Report). Urban Development & Services Practice, Country Department AFCF1, Africa Region, World Bank. 23 May 2013. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 17 November 2016.